Confederate Regiments & Batteries > Virginia

The 28th Virginia Infantry Regiment was organized at Lynchburg, Virginia in May of 1861 and surrendered at Appomattox Court House in April of 1865.

eMay 17 Organized at Lynchburg for one year state service under the command of Colonel Robert T. Preston, Lieutenant Colonel Samuel B. Paul. and Major Robert C. Allen.
June 20 Assigned to Colonel Philip St. George Cocke’s Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac
July 1 Transferred to Confederate service,
July 17 Marched from Camp Mason to Lewis’ Ford of Bull Run.
July 21
First Battle of Manassas (Bull Run)

Commanded by Colonel R. T. Preston. Captain Bowyer was wounded

July Assigned to Cocke’s Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac
August Company C was converted to light artillery as the Bedford Artillery.
August 20 Major Watts transferred from the 19th Virginia
October Assigned to Cocke’s Brigade, Longstreet’s Division, Army of the Potomac
January Assigned to Cocke’s Brigade, Longstreet’s Division, Potomac District, Department of Northern Virginia
March Brigadier General George E. Pickett took command of the brigade.
April 20 The regiment was reorganized. Major Allen was elected colonel
May 1 Major Watts was elected to lieutenant colonel and Captain Nathaniel C. Wilson to major
May Attached to Pickett’s Brigade, Longstreet’s Division, Army of Northern Virginia
May 31-June 1
Battle of Seven Pines (Fair Oaks)

Major Wilson was wounded in the face

June 27
Battle of Gaines’ Mill

Brigadier General Pickett was wounded, and Colonel Hunton of the 8th Virginia infantry took command of the brigade.

August Attached to Pickett’s Brigade, Kemper’s Division
August 28-30
Second Battle of Manassas (Bull Run)
September Brigadier General Richard Brooke Garnett took temporary command of the brigade, which was transferred to Major General David R. Jones’ Division
September 14
Battle of South Mountain
September 17
Battle of Sharpsburg, or Antietam

The regiment was commanded by Captain W.L. Wingfield.

From the War Department marker to Garnett’s Brigade on the Antietam battlefield:

Garnett’s Brigade reached Sharpsburg at 11 A.M. September 15th, and took position on the southwest slope of Cemetery Hill where it remained until the morning of the 17th, when it relieved Geo. T. Anderson’s Brigade in support of the Washington Artillery. When that command was relieved by S. D. Lee’s Artillery in the afternoon, the Brigade advanced into the cornfield in front of Lee’s guns, between this point and the cemetery wall, and engaged the right of the advancing Federal line.

The right of the Confederate line west of the Burnside Bridge Road being turned, the Brigade was withdrawn, by the cross streets, to the north of the town, and cooperated with Drayton’s Brigade and A.P. Hill’s Division in the attack on the Federal left.

November 28 Brigadier General Garnett was given permanent command of the brigade and George E. Pickett was given command of the division, assigned to to Longstreet’s newly-created 1st Corps..
December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg
February Took part in Longstreet’s Suffolk Expedition, missing the Battle of Chancellorsville.
July 2-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Robert C. Allen and brought 333 men to the field. It was part of Pickett’s Charge on July 3, sustaining heavy casualties. The regiment lost 44 men killed, 65 wounded, and 73 missing or captured. Colonel Allen was killed, and Lt. Colonel William Watts took command and was promoted to colonel.

Officer casualties were heavy. Lieutenant James Graybull was killed and Major Nathaniel C. Wilson mortally wounded. Lieutenant John Walrond was mortally wounded and captured. Lieutenants William M. Goode, James Leftwich, and William J. Gooldy were wounded, and Lieutenants Thomas C. Holland and Elisha Wildman wounded and captured. Captain Thomas B. McCartney and Lieutenants John A.J. Lee, Stephen Repass, Clifton Spangler, and Owen H. Tucker were captured.

From the marker to Garnett’s Brigade on the Gettysburg battlefield:

July2. Arrived about sunset and bivouacked on the western border of Spangler’s Woods.

July 3. In the forenoon formed line on Kemper’s left in the field east of the woods. At the cessation of the cannonade advanced and took part in Longstreet’s assault on the Union position in the vicinity of the Angle. This advance was made in good order under a storm of shells and grape and a deadly fire of musketry after passing the Emmitsburg Road. The lines were much broken in crossing the post and rail fences on both sides of that road but with shattered ranks the Brigade pushed on and took part in the final struggle at the Angle. Gen. R. B. Garnett fell dead from his saddle in front of the stone wall.

July 4. Spent the day in reorganization and during the night began the march to Hagerstown.

July 5 Surgeon Edward Rives was left behind with the wounded and was captured
September 9 Detached from the 1st Corps and transferred to the Department of Richmond.
March Company I was assigned to the Department of Henrico until June.
May 16 Drewry’s Bluff
May 21-23 Returned north of the James river and rejoined the Army of Northern Virginia attached to the 1st Corps under Major General Richard Anderson.
May 23-26
Battle of the North Anna
June 3
Battle of Cold Harbor
June 18 Siege of Petersburg begins
March 31
White Oak Road
April 1
Battle of Five Forks 

The regiment suffered heavy casualties.

April 6
Sayler’s Creek

Almost all of the survivors of the regiment were captured.

April 9
Appomattox Court House

Three officers and 51 men who had eluded capture at Sayler’s Creek surrendered under the command of Major Michael P. Spessard.