Confederate Regiments & Batteries > Virginia


The 30th Virginia Infantry Regiment was organized at Fredericksburg in June of 1861 and was surrendered in April of 1865 at Appomattox Court House.

1861
June 13 Organized at Fredericksburg from companies of militia in state service under the command of Colonel Richard Milton Carey, Lieutenant Colonel Robert S. Chew and Major William S. Barton.
July 1 The regiment was transferred to Confederate service and assigned to the Department of Fredericksburg.
July Assigned to the District of Aquia, Department of Fredericksburg.
August 23 Stationed at mouth of Potomac Creek, Virginia. Engaged USS Yankee and USS Release
September Assigned to Walker’s Brigade, District of Aquia, Department of Fredericksburg.
October Assigned to Walker’s Brigade, District of Aquia, Department of Northern Virginia.
1862
Early Major Barton was detached as J.A.G.
March Assigned to Walker’s Brigade, Department of North Carolina
April 19 The regiment was reorganized. Colonel Carey declined reelection on principal, and refused to accept when he was elected. Major Barton was dropped. Captain Robert S. Chew of Company B was elected lieutenant colonel.
June 25-
Juy 1

Seven Days Battles

June 30

Battle of Malvern Cliff

The regiment lost one man killed and four men wounded.

September Assigned to Walker’s – Cooke’s Brigade, Walker’s – Ransom’s Division, Longstreet’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia
September 12-15

Siege of Harpers Ferry

September 17
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)  

The regiment was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Robert S. Chew, who was wounded.

From the first of two markers for Manning’s Brigade on the Antietam battlefield:

Manning’s Brigade reached Sharpsburg on the afternoon of September 16 and was held in reserve until daybreak of the 17th, when it took position opposite Snavely’s Ford on the Antietam, one and a half miles from town. Between 8 and 9 A.M., it moved to the left and supported McLaws in his attack on the enemy in the West Woods. Arriving on the rise of ground 300 yards west of this point, the 3d Arkansas and 27th North Carolina formed to hold the open space between the West Woods and the left of D.H. Hill’s Division east of this road. The remainder of the Brigade advanced on the right of Ransom’s Brigade to and beyond the road at the Dunkard Church, where it was repulsed. The 3d Arkansas and 27th North Carolina co-operated in expelling Greene’s Division from the woods about the church, after which they crossed the road and advanced through the fields to the east, but were repulsed and resumed their original position and were not again engaged.

From the second of two markers for Manning’s Brigade on the Antietam battlefield:

(September 17, 1862.)

About 10:20 A.M., the 30th Virginia, 46th and 48th North Carolina charged from the woods beyond the Dunkard Church to capture Tompkins’ Rhode Island Battery on the high ground east of the church. The 30th Virginia crossed the road at this point, filed to the right across the two fences of the Smoketown Road and over the rock ledge occupied by the Maryland monument to the depression at the base of the ridge, where it was checked by the right of Greene’s Division and Artillery. At the same time the 46th North Carolina passed either side of the church, crossed the road and mingled with the 30th Virginia. After a very short struggle both Regiments were repulsed with great loss and retreated through the West Woods. The 46th North Carolina upon reaching the road north of this point was checked by Artillery fire from the front and fell back upon the advance of Greene’s Division into the woods around the church. The loss in the three Regiments was 77 killed, 387 wounded, and 41 missing. The 30th Virginia lost over 68 percent of its men.

November-December Transferred to Corse’s Brigade, Pickett’s Division, 1st Corps, Army of Northern Virginia, under the command of Colonel Archibald T. Harrison.
December 13

Battle of Fredericksburg

1863
February Assigned to Corse’s Brigade, Pickett’s Division, Department of Virginia and North Carolina
April Assigned to Corse’s Brigade, Pickett’s Division, Department of Southern Virginia
May Assigned to Corse’s Brigade, Pickett’s Division, 1st Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
September Assigned to Corse’s Brigade, Pickett’s Division, Department of North Carolina
October Assigned to Corse’s Brigade, Army of Western Virginia and East Tennessee
November Assigned to Corse’s Brigade, Ransom’s Division, Department of Western Virginia and East Tennessee
November-December

Siege of Knoxville

1864
January Assigned to Corse’s Brigade, Department of Southwestern Virginia and East Tennessee
February Assigned to Corse’s Brigade, Department of North Carolina
April

Siege of Plymouth

May Assigned to Corse’s Brigade, Hoke’s Division, Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia
May 16

Battle of Drewry’s Bluff

May Assigned to Corse’s Brigade, Pickett’s Division, 1st Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
May 22-26

Battle of North Anna

June 1-3

Battle of Cold Harbor

June

Siege of Petersburg

October Colonel Archibald T. Harrison was assigned to temporary duty on the board of retirement of disabled and incompetent officers.
November 5 Lieutenant Colonel Chew was promoted to colonel.
1865
April 1

Battle of Five Forks

April 6

Battle of Sayler’s Creek

April 9

Appomattox Court House

Eight officers and 82 men under the command of Colonel Chew were surrendered.