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|April-May||Organized in Washington County for one year state service under the command of Colonel Samuel V. Fulkerson, a lawyer from Abingdon.|
|July 1||Transferred to Confederate Service.|
|September||Assigned to Taliaferro’s Brigade, Army of the Northwest.|
|November||Assigned to Taliaferro’s Brigade, Jackson’s Division, Army of the Northwest.|
|December||Assigned to Taliaferro’s Brigade, Army of the Valley District. The regiment mustered 846 men.|
The regiment suffered 113 casualties. Colonel Fulkerson led the regiment and the 23rd Virginia in a desperate, costly, but unsuccessful attack on 16 Union guns on Pritchard’s hill.
|April 22||The regiment was reorganized for the duration of the war.|
Shenandoah Valley Campaign
Assigned to 3rd (Taliaferro’s) Brigade, Jackson’s Division, Army of the Valley District
Battle of McDowell
Captain John F. Terry of Company A was wounded in both legs.
|June 25-July 1||
Seven Days Battles
Assigned to 3rd (Taliaferro’s-Warren’s-Hampton’s-Colston’s-Steuarts) Brigade, Jackson’s-Trimbles–Johnston’s Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
Colonel Fulkerson was killed, moving General Jackson to tears. Captain Terry of Company A was promoted to lieutenant colonel and took command of the regiment.
The regiment suffered 12 men killed and 76 wounded.
The regiment lost 5 men killed and 36 wounded.
The regiment lost 12 men killed and 36 wounded. It was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel John F. Terry, who was badly wounded in the wrist.
The regiment lost 22 men killed, 101 wounded and 9 men missing.
The regiment was commanded by Major Henry C. Wood. Of the 264 men it brought to the field about 80 men became casualties.
From the monument to Steuart’s Brigade at Gettysburg:
July 1. Arrived about nightfall and took position near Hanover Road about a mile east of Rock Creek with left wing at edge of woods.
July 2. Crossing Rock Creek at 6 P. M. the 3d N. C. and 1st Md. attacked the lesser summit of Culp’s Hill. Reinforced later by the other regiments the Union breastworks thinly manned at some points were occupied to the southern base of the main summit but only after a vigorous and desperate conflict.
July 3. The Union troops reinforced the conflict at dawn and it raged fiercely until 11 A. M. when this Brigade and the entire line fell back to the base of the hill and from thence moved about midnight to Seminary Ridge northwest of the town.
July 4. Occupied Seminary Ridge. About 10 P. M. began the march to Hagerstown.
Mine Run Campaign
|May 14||Consolidated with 10th and 23rd Virginia Infantry Regiments due to casualties in the Mule Show fighting. Assigned to Terry’s Consolidated Brigade, Gordon’s Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia|
Battle of North Anna
Assigned to Terry’s Consolidated Brigade, Gordon’s Division, Army of the Valley
Assigned to Terry’s Consolidated Brigade, Gordon’s Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
Two officers and 39 enlisted men surrendered.