The 55th Virginia Infantry Regiment was created at Fredericksburg in September of 1861 and surrendered at Appomattox Court House in April of 1865. It listed 1,181 men who saw active service with the regiment. Of these 108 men were killed in action and 198 men died of disease.
|September||The regiment was organized for one year’s service under the command of Colonel Francis Mallory. It was created from a core of eight militia companies that had organized in May and June:Company A, Essex Artillery, enlisted May 21st 1861, commanded by Captain Evan Rice
Company B, Middlesex Artillery, enlisted May 24th 1861, commanded by Captain William Fleet
Company C, Middlesex Southerners, enlisted May 24th 1861, commanded by Captain Andrew Saunders
Company D, Essex Davis Rifles, enlisted June 17th 1861, commanded by Captain Gustavus Garnett Roy
Company E, Westmoreland Greys, enlisted June 24th 1861, commanded by Captain J. Bailey Jett
Company F, Essex Sharpshooters, enlisted May 21st 1861, commanded by Captain Thomas Burke
Company G, Essex Grays, enlisted June 12th 1861, commanded by Captain George Street
Company H, Middlesex Rifles
The 55th Virginia Infantry was assigned to Department of Fredericksburg.
|October||Assigned to Aquia District, Department of Northern Virginia.|
|April||Companies I, K & L were added.|
|April 19||Union occupation of Fredericksburg.|
|April 28||Company B converted to Middlesex Artillery Battery|
|May-June||The regiment was reorganized. Assigned to Field’s Brigade, A.P. Hill’s Division, Army of Northern Virginia|
|June-July||Assigned to Field’s Brigade, A.P. Hill’s Division, Longstreet’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia|
|June 10||Company F of the 5th Alabama Infantry Battalion was transferred to the regiment and became Company F.|
|June 25-July 1||
Seven Days Battles
The regiment lost 108 casualties
Battle of Gaines’s Mill
Battle of Frayser’s Farm
Major Thomas M. Burke was killed.
|July||Assigned to Field’s Brigade, A.P. Hill’s Division, Jackson’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia|
Battle of Cedar Mountain
The regiment brought 82 men to the field and lost 3 men killed, 22 wounded and 5 missing
Battle of Chantilly
Skirmishers of the 55th Virginia killed Union General Phil Kearney.
The regiment was commanded by Major Charles N. Lawson
The regiment lost 11 casualties.
The regiment lost 110 casualties. During the assault on May 3 the regiment lost its colonel, lieutenant colonel and every company commander.
|May||Assigned to Field’s-Walker’s Brigade, Heth’s Division, 3rd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia. The regiment totalled about 480 men.|
The regiment brought 268 men to the field and lost 12% casualties. It was on the left flank of Pickett’s Charge on July 3 and was one of the first regiments to break.
The regiment lost 74 men captured. Sargent Charles M. Holton of the 7th Michigan Cavalry Regiment captured the colors. When the regiment returned to Virginia soil it numbered around 130 men.
Mine Run Campaign
The regiment lost its colors during the fighting on May 5.
Battle of North Anna
|September 29||Squirrel Level Road|
|September 30||Jones’s Farm|
|October 2||Harman Road|
|January-March||Assigned to Mayo’s-Barton’s Brigade, Department of Richmond|
|February||Consolidated with 47th Virginia Infantry Regiment|
|March-April||Assigned to Barton’s Brigade, G.W.C. Lee’s Division, Department of Richmond|
|April||G.W.C. Lee’s Division transferred to Army of Northern Virginia for the evacuation of Richmond.|
Two officers and 21 men surrendered.