The 55th Virginia Infantry Regiment was created at Fredericksburg in September of 1861 and surrendered at Appomattox Court House in April of 1865. It listed 1,181 men who saw active service with the regiment. Of these 108 men were killed in action and 198 men died of disease.
|September||The regiment was organized for one year’s service under the command of Colonel Francis Mallory. It was created from a core of eight militia companies that had organized in May and June:
Company A, Essex Artillery, enlisted May 21st 1861, commanded by Captain Evan Rice
The 55th Virginia Infantry Regiment was assigned to Department of Fredericksburg.
|October||Assigned to Aquia District, Department of Northern Virginia.|
|April||Companies I, K & L were added.|
|April 19||Union occupation of Fredericksburg.|
|April 28||Company B converted to Middlesex Artillery Battery|
|May-June||The regiment was reorganized. Assigned to Field’s Brigade, A.P. Hill’s Division, Army of Northern Virginia|
|June-July||Assigned to Field’s Brigade, A.P. Hill’s Division, Longstreet’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia|
|June 10||Company F of the 5th Alabama Infantry Battalion was transferred to the regiment and became Company F.|
|June 25-July 1||
Seven Days Battles
The regiment lost 108 casualties
Battle of Gaines’s Mill
Battle of Frayser’s Farm
Major Thomas M. Burke was killed.
|July||Assigned to Field’s Brigade, A.P. Hill’s Division, Jackson’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia|
Battle of Cedar Mountain
The regiment brought 82 men to the field and lost 3 men killed, 22 wounded and 5 missing
Battle of Chantilly
Skirmishers of the 55th Virginia killed Union General Phil Kearney.
The regiment was commanded by Captain Charles N. Lawson
The regiment lost 11 casualties. Captain Lawson was captured after the battle while on leave.
|March 15||Captain Lawson was exchanged and returned to the regiment.|
The regiment was commanded by Colonel Francis Mallory until he was killed in Jackson’s assault on May 3. It lost 110 casualties. During the assault the regiment lost its colonel, lieutenant colonel and every company commander.
|May||Assigned to Field’s-Walker’s Brigade, Heth’s Division, 3rd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia. The regiment totalled about 480 men.|
|May 26||Captain Lawson was promoted to major.|
The 55th Virginia was commanded at Gettysburg by Colonel William S. Christian. It brought 268 men to the field and lost 12% casualties. The regiment was on the left flank of Pickett’s Charge on July 3 and was one of the first regiments to break.
The regiment lost 74 men captured, including Colonel Christian. Sargent Charles M. Holton of the 7th Michigan Cavalry Regiment captured the colors. When the regiment returned to Virginia soil it numbered around 130 men under the command of Major Charles N. Lawson.
Mine Run Campaign
The regiment lost its colors during the fighting on May 5.
Battle of North Anna
Major Lawson was mortally wounded.
|September 29||Squirrel Level Road|
|September 30||Jones’s Farm|
|October 2||Harman Road|
|January-March||Assigned to Mayo’s-Barton’s Brigade, Department of Richmond|
|February||Consolidated with 47th Virginia Infantry Regiment|
|March-April||Assigned to Barton’s Brigade, G.W.C. Lee’s Division, Department of Richmond|
|April||G.W.C. Lee’s Division transferred to Army of Northern Virginia for the evacuation of Richmond.|
Two officers and 21 men surrendered.