|October||Organized at Petersburg by expanding the 7th Virginia Infantry Battalion under the command of Colonel Samuel M. Wilson. Assigned to Mahone’s Brigade.|
|November||Joined Mahone’s Brigade of Anderson’s Division, 1st Corps, Army of Northern Virginia. Colonel Wilson resigned and Colonel Virginius D. Groner took command of the regiment.|
Commanded by Lieutenant Colonel William F. Niemeyer. The regiment lost one man wounded.
|December 15||Encamped at Salem Church|
|January||Ordered to the fords of the Rappahannock and Rapidan Rivers.|
|April 28||Ordered to fall back as Hooker crossed the Rappahannock. Placed in line of battle at Zoan Church on the Plank Road.|
The regiment was commanded by Colonel Virginius D. Groner. It lost 4 men killed and 28 wounded.
|May 30||The regiment, along with the rest of Anderson’s Division, was transferred to the newly-formed Third Army Corps under Lieutenant General A. P. Hill|
The regiment lost about eight percent of the 356 who were at Gettysburg. Mahone’s Brigade had the lowest casualty rate of any Confederate brigade at Gettysburg. It had been positioned to join Longstreet’s attack on the afternoon of July 2 but Mahone refused requests for support by Wright and Posey, claiming he had other orders. It was intended to support Early’s evening attack on Cemetery Hill but the attack failed before Mahone could join. And although fresh and unblooded the brigade was overlooked for Pickett’s charge on July 3 while far more seriously damaged brigades were included.
From the War Department marker for Mahone’s Brigade on the Gettysburg battlefield:
July 2. Arrived and took position here in the forenoon under orders to support the artillery. A strong skirmish line was sent out which was constantly engaged and did effective service.
July 3. Remained here in support of the artillery. Took no active part in the battle except by skirmishers.
July 4. In line here all day. At dark began the march to Hagerstown.
|June 18||The regiment reached Petersburg and spent two days near Battery 33 on the Dimmock Line.|
|June 22-23||Battle of Jerusalem Plank Road|
|June 24||In trenches near the Wilcox farm south of Petersburg|
There is a monument to Mahone’s Brigade at the Crater on the Petersburg National Battlefield.
|August 1||Assigned to Weisinger’s Brigade, Mahone’s Division, Third Corps, Army of the Potomac|
Battle of Globe Tavern
Battle of Boyden Plank Road
The regiment attacked near Dabney’s Stream Saw Mill.
|April||Retreat from Petersburg|
The 16th Virginia surrendered 10 officers and 114 enlisted men.