Confederate Regiments & Batteries > Virginia

August 8 The 61st Virginia Infantry Regiment was organized at Petersburg by expanding the 7th Virginia Infantry Battalion. It was under the command of Colonel Samuel M. Wilson and Lieutenant Colonel William Frederick Niemeyer. 
November Joined Mahone’s Brigade of Anderson’s Division, 1st Corps, Army of Northern Virginia. Colonel Wilson resigned and Colonel Virginius D. Groner took command of the regiment.
December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg

Commanded by Lieutenant Colonel William F. Niemeyer. The regiment lost one man wounded.

December 15 Encamped at Salem Church
January Ordered to the fords of the Rappahannock and Rapidan Rivers.
April 28 Ordered to fall back as Hooker crossed the Rappahannock. Placed in line of battle at Zoan Church on the Plank Road.
May 1-4
Battle of Chancellorsville

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Virginius D. Groner. It lost 4 men killed and 28 wounded.

May 30 The regiment, along with the rest of Anderson’s Division, was transferred to the newly-formed Third Army Corps under Lieutenant General A. P. Hill
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment lost about eight percent of the 356 who were at Gettysburg. Mahone’s Brigade had the lowest casualty rate of any Confederate brigade at Gettysburg. It had been positioned to join Longstreet’s attack on the afternoon of July 2 but Mahone refused requests for support by Wright and Posey, claiming he had other orders. It was intended to support Early’s evening attack on Cemetery Hill but the attack failed before Mahone could join. And although fresh and unblooded the brigade was overlooked for Pickett’s charge on July 3 while far more seriously damaged brigades were included.

From the War Department marker for Mahone’s Brigade on the Gettysburg battlefield:

July 2. Arrived and took position here in the forenoon under orders to support the artillery. A strong skirmish line was sent out which was constantly engaged and did effective service.

July 3. Remained here in support of the artillery. Took no active part in the battle except by skirmishers.

July 4. In line here all day. At dark began the march to Hagerstown.

October 14
Battle of Bristoe Station

Lieutenant Colonel Niemeyer was wounded.

May 5-6
Battle of the Wilderness
May 12-21
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

Lieutenant Colonel Niemeyer was killed by a sharpshooter on May 12.

June 3
Battle of Cold Harbor
June 18 The regiment reached Petersburg and spent two days near Battery 33 on the Dimmock Line.
June 22-23 Battle of Jerusalem Plank Road
June 24 In trenches near the Wilcox farm south of Petersburg
July 30
Battle of The Crater

There is a monument to Mahone’s Brigade at the Crater on the Petersburg National Battlefield.

August 1 Assigned to Weisinger’s Brigade, Mahone’s Division, Third Corps, Army of the Potomac
August 18-21
Battle of Globe Tavern

Commanded by Colonel Virginius D. Groner

August 25
Battle of Ream’s Station
October 27
Battle of Boyden Plank Road

Commanded by Lieutenant Colonel William H. Stewart

December Warren’s Raid
February 6
Battle of Hatcher’s Run

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Virginius D. Groner. It attacked near Dabney’s Stream Saw Mill.

April Retreat from Petersburg
April 9
Appomattox Court House

The 61st Virginia Infantry Regiment surrendered 10 officers and 114 enlisted men.