Confederate Regiments & BatteriesVirginia


April 20 The Richmond Purcell (Virginia) Artillery was organized at Richmond for one year’s service under the command of Captain R. Lindsay Walker (VMI Class of 1845), 1st Lieutenant D. C. Hagerty and 2nd Lieutenants W. R. J. Pegram and W. J. Dabney.
April 21 Ordered to proceed via the Richmond, Fredericksburg & Potomac Railroad to Aquia Creek Landing.
May 22-28 At Pratt’s Point on the south bank of Aquia Creek.
May 31-June 1
Skirmish at Aquia Creek

The battery exchanged fore with the Federal gunboats U.S.S. Thomas Freeborn, U.S.S. Anacostia, and U.S.S.  Resolute, and U.S.S. Pawnee. It was armed with four 6 pounder Rifles.

July 1 The battery was accepted in Confederate service in the District of the Aquia, Department of Fredericksburg
July 18 Ordered to Manassas Junction along with the 1st Arkansas Infantry Regiment and the 2nd Tennessee Infantry Regiment.
July 20 Arried at Camp Wigfall at Willcoxen’s farm, four miles south of Dumfries. Assigned to the Reserve Brigade, Army of the Potomac.
July 21
Battle of Manassas (Bull Run)
July-September Assigned to District of the Aquia, Department of Fredericksburg
August 23 Potomac Creek (section)
September-October Assigned to Walker’s Brigade, District of the Aquia, Department of Fredericksburg
October-March Assigned to Walker’s Brigade, Aquia District, Department of Northern Virginia
October 4 The Monroe Dixie Artillery was disbanded as seriously lacking in equipment and personnel and its 32 men were assigned to the Purcell Battery.
March Captain Walker was promoted to major and became Chief of Artillery for Hill’s Division. Lieutenant Pegram was promoted to captain and took command of the battery.
June Assigned to Artillery Battalion, A. P. Hill’s Divsion, Army of Northern Virginia
June-July Hill’s Division was assigned to Longstreet’s Command
June 25-July 1
Seven Days Battles
June 26
Beaver Dam Creek (Mechanicsville)

The battery held its ground under heavy enemy fire. Four guns were disabled, over fifty men killed or wounded, and half the horses were killed.

June 27
Gaines’s Mill
June 30
Frayser’s Farm
July 1
Malvern Hill
July Assigned to Field’s Brigade, A. P. Hill’s Divsion, Longstreet’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia
July-May Assigned to Artillery Battalion, A. P. Hill’s Divsion, Jackson’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia
August 9
Battle of Cedar Mountain
Augusr 23
Battle of Warrenton Springs
August 28-30
Second Battle of Manassas (Sharpsburg)
September 1
Battle of Chantilly
September 12-15
Battle of Harpers Ferry
September 17
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)

The battery was commanded at Sharpsburg by Captain William J. Pegram. It was equipped with two 10 ounder Parrott Rifles and two 12 pounder Napoleons. Part of the battery was left behind at Harpers Ferry. It lost one man killed and 13 men wounded including Captain Pegram, who was lightly wounded in the head.

From the marker on the battlefield t the intersection of Harpers Ferry Road and Branch Avenue:

Pegram’s (Virginia) Battery followed McIntosh’s to the field and occupied this spot. One gun was advanced about 580 vards down the ravine in the direction of Snavely’s Ford but was quickly driven back…

The four Batteries were actively engaged on the afternoon of the 17th, and remained in position until the Confederate Army retired from the field.

September 20
Battle of Shepherdstown Ford
November 3
Castleman’s Ferry
December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg
March 2

Captain Pegram was promoted to major and given command of the artillery battalion. Lieutenant Joseph McGraw was promoted to captain and took command of the battery.

May 1-4
Battle of Chancellorsville
May-July Assigned to Pegram’s Battalion, Reserve Artillery. 3rd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The battery was commanded at the Battle of Gettysburg by Captain Joseph McGraw. It was equipped with four 12 pounder Napoleons and brought 89 men to the field.

From the battery’s marker on the Gettysburg battlefield along West Confederate Avenue:

July 1. In position south of the Chambersburg Pike on the ridge west of Herr’s Tavern and actively engaged.

July 2. Early in the morning occupied this position and took part in the day’s conflict with the Union batteries and now and then dropped a shell among the busy sharpshooters.

July 3. Remained here and actively participated in all the operations of the artillery.

July 4. Withdrew about sunset and began the march to Hagerstown.

Losses not reported in detail.

July Assigned to Pegram’s Battalion, Artillery, 3rd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
Bristoe Campaign
October 14
Battle of Bristoe Station
Mine Run Campaign
May 5-6
Battle of the Wilderness
May 8-21
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
May 22-26
Battle of North Anna
June 1-3
Battle of Cold Harbor
Siege of Petersburg
June 29
Battle of Reams Station
July 30
Battle of the Crater
August 18-21
Weldon Railroad
August 25
Second Battle of Reams Station
September 30
Jones’s Farm
October 1
Pegram’s Farm
October 8
Sqirrel Level Road
October 27
Burgess’s Mill
February 5-7
Hatcher’s Run
March 25
Battle of Fort Stedman
April 1
Battle of Five Forks
April 2
Final Assault on Petersburg
April 8
Battle of Appomattox Station
April 9
Appomattox Court House