Confederate Regiments & BatteriesVirginia


1862
March 18 Organized at Richmond under the command of Captain Marmaduke Johnson, a Richmond lawyer and Commonwealth Attorney. John and William Pegram are his nephews.
June Assigned to Artillery Battalion, A.P. Hill’s Division, Longstreet’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia.
June 25-July 1
Seven Days Battles
June 26
Mechanicsville
June 27
Gaines’ Mill
July Assigned to Branch’s Brigade, A.P. Hill’s Division, Longstreet’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia.
July-February Assigned to Artillery Battalion, A.P. Hill’s Division, Jackson’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia.
September 17
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)

The battery was in reserve covering the Potomac River ford on the Virginia side, and was not engaged.

September 20
Shepherdstown Ford

The battery lost one man killed and one wounded.

December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg

One section

1863
February-June Assigned to Hardaway’s-McIntosh’s Battalion, Reserve Artillery, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia.
June-July Assigned to McIntosh’s Battalion, Reserve Artillery, 3rd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia.
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The battery was commanded by Captain Marmaduke Johnson. It brought 96 men to the field and was equipped with two 12-pounder Napoleons and two 3″ Rifles.

There are two War Department markers for Johnson’s battery at Gettysburg. They are across the street from each other along West Confederate Avenue.

Text from the first marker:

July 1. In position on hill near Fairfield Road west of Willoughby Run. Not engaged though under fire and losing one man killed.
July 2. In position here and actively engaged under a heavy fire of sharpshooters and artillery.
July 3. Remained in this position and was actively engaged.
July 4. Withdrew at evening to Marsh Creek on Fairfield Road.

Text from the second marker:

July 2. In position here and actively engaged under the heavy fire of Union sharpshooters and artillery.
July 3. Remained in this position all day and actively engaged.
July 4. Withdrew in the night to Marsh Creek on the Fairfield Road.
Losses not reported in detail.

July Assigned to McIntosh’s Battalion, Artillery, 3rd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia.
October
Bristoe Campaign
November-December
Mine Run Campaign
Winter Captain Johnson was promoted to major and given command of his own artillery battalion. Captain Valentine J. Clutter took command of the battery.
1864
May 5-6
Battle of the Wilderness
May 8-21
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
May 23-26
Battle of North Anna
June 1-3
Battle of Cold Harbor
June
Siege of Petersburg
September Assigned to Johnson’s Battalion, Artillery, 1st Corps, Army of Northern Virginia.
1865
March Assigned to Johnson’s Battalion, Artillery, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia.
April 9
Appomattox Court House

The battery surrendered 1 officer and 55 enlisted men.