Confederate Regiments & BatteriesVirginia


 

1860
January 30 Created in Salem, Virginia under the command of Captain Abraham Hupp in response to John Brown’s raid. All of the members were recruited in Roanoke County. 
1861
July Paraded from the court house to the railroad station, then took the Virginia & Tennessee Railtoad to Lynchburg, where they became Company A of the 9th Virginia Infantry Regiment
1862
May 1 Created in Salem, Virginia by converting Company  A, 9th Virginia Infantry Regiment to artillery under the command of Captain Hupp. Attached to the 1st Artillery Regiment.
May 14 The battery was mustered into Confederate Service.
July Assigned to Brown’s Battalion, Reserve Artillery, Army of Northern Virginia.
September 17
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)

The battery was commanded at Sharpsburg by Captain Abraham Rupp. It was equipped with two 12 pounder Howitzers and two 6 pounder guns. The battery guarded the Potomac River fords from the Virginia side and was not engaged at Sharpsburg.

October Captain Hupp was forced to return home due to advancing cancer. He would die in September 1863. Captain Charles Beale Griffin took command of the battery.
December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg

The battery lost one man wounded.

1863
February-July Assigned to Brown’s Battalion, Reserve Artillery, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia.
May 1-4
Battle of Chancellorsville
June 14-15
Second Battle of Winchester
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

Captain Griffin was in command of the battery at Gettysburg. It brought 69 men to the field, lost seven men casualties, and was equipped with two 3″ Ordnance Rifles and two 12-pounder Napoleons. There are two War Department markers for the battery on the Gettysburg battlefield.

From the first marker on the west side of Gettysburg at the Railroad Cut:

July 1. The Battery reached the field too late to participate in the engagement of the day.

July 2. Held in reserve near the W. M. Railroad cut.

July 3. The Rifle guns were in position near Fairfield Road. The Napoleons were placed at the railroad cut and remained until night but were not engaged.

July 4. At midnight began the march to Hagerstown.

Casualties not reported. Ammunition expended 154 rounds.

From the marker for the battery on West Confederate Avenue:

July 1. Reached the field too late to take part in the battle.

July 2. Remained in reserve on this ridge north of the railroad.

July 3. The Rifles were moved to this position early in the morning and took part in the cannonade preceding Longstreet’s assault and continued firing for some time afterward. Withdrew at night to camp in rear.

July 4. The Napoleons occupied a position on this ridge south of the Railroad cut but did no firing. After nightfall they joined the Rifles and with them began the march to Hagerstown.

July-June Assigned to Brown’s-Hardaway’s Battalion, 2nd Corps Artillery, Army of Northern Virginia.
October
Bristoe Campaign
November-December
Mine Run Campaign
1864
May 5-6
Battle of the Wilderness
May 8-21
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
May 23-26
Battle of North Anna
June 1-3
Battle of Cold Harbor
June-March Assigned to Hardaway’s Battalion, 1st Corps Artillery, Army of Northern Virginia.
June
Siege of Petersburg
September 29
Battle of Chaffin’s Farm
September 29-30
Fort Gilmer
1865
March Assigned to Hardaway’s Battalion, 2nd Corps Artillery, Army of Northern Virginia.
April 9
Appomattox Court House

One officer and 97 men of the battery were surrendered with Lee’s army. Sergeant James Walton fired one of the last artillery shots while stationed in the yard of the George Peers House at the northeastern end of the village. An iron tablet marks the location.