Confederate Regiments & Batteries * Virginia


1859
November The Staunton (Virginia) Artillery organized as a battery of Virginia militia with men from Augusta County.
1861
April 17 Enlisted for one year’s state service under the command of Captain John D. Imboden with 107 officers and eblisted men and equipped with four bronze 6-pounder Smoothbores..
July 1 The battery was mustered into the Confederate State Army and assigned to Bee’s Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah.
July 21
First Battle of Manassas ( Bull Run)

Second Lieutennt Asher Garber was wounded.

July-October Assigned to Bee’s-Whiting’s Brigade, 2nd Corps, Army of the Potomac.
October-January Assigned to Whiting’s Brigade, Whiting’s Command, 2nd Corps, Potomac District, Department of Northern Virginia.
1862
January-March Assigned to Whiting’s Brigade, Whiting’s Command, Potomac District, Department of Northern Virginia.
March-June Assigned to Whiting’s Brigade, Whiting’s-G.W. Smith’s Division, Army of Northern Virginia.
April-May
Siege of Yorktown

Second Lieutenant Garber was elected First Lieutenant. The battery mustered 111 men.

June Assigned to Artillery Battalion, Whiting’s Division, Army of the Valley.
June 8-9
Battles of Cross Keyes and Port Republic
June-July Assigned to Artillery Battalion, Whiting’s Division, Jackson’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia.
June 25-July 1
Seven Days Battles

The battery was commanded by First Lieutenant Asher Garber.

July Assigned to Artillery Battalion, Whiting’s Division, Longstreet’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia.
July-August Assigned to Hood’s Brigade, Whiting’s Division, Longstreet’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia.
August-July Assigned to Artillery Battalion, Ewell’s Division, Jackson’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia.
August 26-27
Bristoe & Manassas Junction
August 28-30
2nd Battle of Manassas (Bull Run)
September 9 Captain Imboden left the battery to recruit and become colonel of the 62nd Virginia Mounted Infantry.
September 12-15
Siege of Harpers Ferry
September 17
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)

The battery was commanded by First Lieutenant Asher W. Garber.

December 12 First Lieutenant Asher Garber was promoted to captain.
December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg
1863
May 1-4
Battle of Chancellorsville
June 14-15
Second Battle of Winchester
July 1-4
Battle of Gettysburg

The battery brought 60 men to the field under Captain Garber. It supported Early’s attack north of town on the first day but was not engaged after that, as the Second Corps could not find enough good ground to support artillery in its assaults on East Cemetery Hill and Culp’ Hill.

From the War Deparment marker for the battery at Gettysburg:

July 1. Reached the field with Early’s Division and immediately went into battery near this position. Fired with effect on Howard’s 11th Corps and on infantry retiring from Seminary Ridge. Ceased firing as the Confederate infantry advanced.

July 2. Occupied the same position. Not engaged.

July 3. Remained in the same position. Not engaged.

Casualties Wounded 1
Ammunition expended 106 rounds.

July-May Assigned to Jones’ Battalion, 2nd Corps Artillery, Army of Northern Virginia
October
Bristoe Campaign
November-December
Mine Run Campaign
1864
May 5-6
Battle of the Wilderness
May 8-21
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

Captain Garber was captured, but escaped and returnd to command.

May 23-26
Battle of North Anna
June 1-3
Battle of Cold Harbor
September Captain Garber was wounded and spent the month in the hospital.
October-March Sent to reinforce Early in the Shenandoah Valley and assigned to Cutshaw’s Battalion, Artillery, Army of the Valley
October 19
Battle of Cedar Creek
December
Petersburg Siege

Equipped with two 3″ Rifles.

1865
March 2
Battle of Waynesboro
March Returned to Lee’s army around Richmond and assigned to Cutshaw’s Battalion, 2nd Corps Artillery, Army of Northern Virginia
April 6
Saylor’s Creek

Captain Garber was wounded by a spent ball.

April 9
Appomattox Court House

The battery surrendered 54 enlisted men without an officer.