United States Regiments & Batteries > New YorkInfantry

“Wadsworth Guards”

“Livingston County Regiment”

The 104th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment served from October 1861 until July of 1865. It lost 5 officers and 81 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 2 officers and 145 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War.

The regiment is honored by both a monument at Antietam and a monument at Gettysburg.

October Organized at Genesee, N.Y. under Colonel John Rohrbach, Lieutenant Colonel R. Wells Kenyon and Major Lewis C. Skinner
March 22 Left State for Washington, D.C. Attached to Wadsworth’s Command, Military District of Washington
May 28-June 1 Expedition to Front Royal, Va., to intercept Jackson attached to 2nd Brigade, Ord’s Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock
June 2-10 Picket duty on the Shenandoah and at Front Royal
June 10 Duty at Catlett’s Station, Warrenton and Waterloo, Va. attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 3rd Corps, Pope’s Army of Virginia
August 9
Battle of Cedar Mountain
August 16-
September 2

Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia

August 21-23 Fords of the Rappahannock
August 28
Thoroughfare Gap
August 29
Battle of Groveton, or Brawner’s Farm
August 30
Second Battle of Bull Run

Lieutenant John P. Rudd and 13 enlisted men were killed or mortally wounded, Lieutenant John McCaffrey and 34 enlisted men were wounded, and 1 officer and 38 enlisted men were missing or captured

September 1 Battle of Chantilly
September 11 Lieutenant Colonel Wells discharged for disability. Major Lewis C. Skinner was promoted to lieutenant colonel but was never mustered. Captain Gilbert Prey of Company F was promoted to major
September 6-22

Maryland Campaign

Attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac

September 14
Battle of South Mountain

The regiment fought at Turner’s Gap under the command of Major Lewis C. Skinner, losing 1 enlisted man wounded.

September 16-17
Battle of Antietam

The regiment was commanded by Major Lewis Skinner. Captain John Kelly and 17 enlisted men were killed or mortally wounded, Captains Henry Tuthill and William Wilson, Lieutenants Leman Dow and William Trembly and 47 enlisted men were wounded and 14 were missing in severe fighting in the Cornfield.

From the marker for Duryea’s Brigade on the Antietam battlefield:

Early in the morning Duryea’s Brigade moved from its bivouac in the Poffenberger Woods, on the Smoketown Road. Forming in column of Divisions it obliqued right until near J. Poffenberger’s when it marched south through the North Woods, passed the right of Hartsuff’s Brigade and between Pennsylvania Light Battery F (Matthews’) and Pennsylvania Light Battery C (Thompson’s), in position on the high ground between D. R. Miller’s and the East Woods. Arriving at the Cornfield fence the Brigade deployed and moved through the Cornfield to its south edge (75 yards distant) when it encountered the Confederate line, which was about 145 to 160 yards south of this. In less than a half hour the left of the Brigade was withdrawn, the right remained a few minutes longer when it fell back. Portions of the Brigade rallied and made another advance part way through the Cornfield, but fell back as Hartsuff’s Brigade came into action.

September-October Duty near Sharpsburg
October 21 Colonel Rorback and Major Skinner were discharged for disability. Major Prey was promoted to Colonel, and Lieutenant John Strang to major.
October 30-November 19 Movement to Falmouth, Va
December 3 Captain Henry G. Tuthill of Company A was promoted to lieutenant colonel with rank from October 21.
December 12-15
Battle of Fredericksburg

Lieutenant Andew Andrews and 7 enlisted men were killed or mortally wounded, 7 officers and 35 enlisted men were wounded, and 2 men were missing.

December-April At Falmouth and Belle Plains
January 20-24 “Mud March”
April 27-May 6 Chancellorsville Campaign
April 29-May 2 Operations at Fitzhugh’s Crossing
May 2-5
Battle of Chancellorsville

The regiment lost 2 enlisted men wounded.

June 11-July 24 Gettysburg Campaign
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Gilbert G. Prey. In heavy fighting northwest of Gettysburg on the first day of the battle Lieutenant Thomas Johnston and 28 enlisted men were killed or mortally wounded, Lieutenant Colonel Tuthill, Captain Charles Fisher, Lieutenants James Dow and Jasper Griggs and 69 enlisted men were wounded and Captains Austin Richardson and George Starr, Lieutenants James Cain, John Daley, Adam Dixon, Albert Lamson, Marshall Rogers, Walter Stevens, George Snyder and Edwin Tuthill and 77 enlisted men were captured out of 309 men engaged.

July 5-24 Pursuit of Lee
August-October Duty on line of the Rappahannock and Rapidan
October 9-22 Bristoe Campaign
November 7-8 Advance to line of the Rappahannock
November 7 Lieutenant Colonel Tuthill discharged for disability due to his Gettysburg wound
November 26-December 2 Mine Run Campaign
December 16 Major Strang promoted to lieutenant colonel and Lieutenant Henry Colt promoted to major
February 6-7 Demonstration on the Rapidan
March Attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps
April 10 Lieutenant Walter Stephens, captured at Gettysburg, died of disease in a Confederate prison at Richmond.
May 3-June 15 Campaign from the Rapidan to the James
May 5-7
Battle of the Wilderness

The regiment lost 12 enlisted men wounded, 1 mortally

May 8
Laurel Hill
May 8-21
Spotsylvania Court House

The regiment lost 6 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, Captain James Gault and 35 enlisted men wounded and 4 men missing

May 12 Assault on the Salient
May 23-26
North Anna River

The regiment lost 1 enlisted man killed.

May 23 Jericho Ford
May 26-28 On line of the Pamunkey
May 28-31

The regiment lost 1 enlisted man killed. and 1 wounded

June 1-12
Cold Harbor

The regiment lost 1 enlisted man wounded.

June 1-3 Bethesda Church
June 13 White Oak Swamp
June Attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps
June 16-18
Assault on Petersburg

The regiment lost 5 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 16 wounded

June 16
Siege of Petersburg begins

The regiment lost 5 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 23 wounded and 1 missing during the siege

July 30 Mine Explosion, Petersburg (Reserve)
August Attached to 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps
August 18-21
Weldon Railroad

The regiment lost 1 enlisted man mortally wounded, 7 wounded, and Colonel Prey, Lieutenant Colonel Strang, Captains John Daley, James Gault, Jasper Griggs, Austin Richardson Henry Wiley and William Wilson, Lieutenants Francis Bates, Joseph Cary, John Jarvis, Marshall Rogers and Cornelius Timpson and 126 enlisted men captured.

September Attached to Provost Guard, 5th Army Corps
September 15 Reconnaissance toward Dinwiddie Court House
December 7-12 Warren’s Raid on Weldon Railroad
December Lieutenant Colonel Strang was paroled. Lieutenant James Cain, captured at Gettysburg, escaped from Confederate prison and returned to the regiment.
January 10 Major Colt discharged, Captain Henry Wiley prmoted to lieutenant colonel
February 5-7
Dabney’s Mills, Hatcher’s Run

The regiment lost 3 enlisted men missing

February Colonel Prey paroled
March 3 Colonel Prey discharged
March 9 Major Wiley discharged
March 17 Lieutenant Colonel Strang promoted to colonel and Captain William Wilson of Company K to major
MArch 24 Major Wilson discharged
March 28-April 9 Appomattox Campaign
March 29 Lewis Farm, near Gravelly Run
March 31 White Oak Road
April 1 Five Forks
April 2 Fall of Petersburg
April 3-9 Pursuit of Lee
April 9
Appomattox Court House

Surrender of Lee and his army.

May 1-12 Moved to Washington, D.C. and attached to 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps
May 23 Grand Review
June Duty at Washington
July 17 The regiment mustered out under Colonel John R. Strang