United States Regiments & BatteriesUnited States Colored Troops

The 1st Regiment of United States Colored Troops lost 4 officers and 67 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 1 officer and 113 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War.

May 19 – June 30 Organized in the District of Columbia
July Ordered to Dept. of Virginia. Duty at Norfolk, Portsmouth and Yorktown, Va. attached to United States Forces, Norfolk and Portsmouth, Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina
October Attached to United States Forces, Yorktown, Va., Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina
December 5-24 Expedition from Norfolk to South Mills, Camden Court House, etc., N. C. Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 25th Corps, then 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 25th Corps
April Attached to 1st Brigade, Hincks’ Colored Division, 18th Corps, Army of the James, Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina
June Attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 18th Corps
May 4-June 15 Butler’s operations south of James River and against Petersburg and Richmond, Va.
May 24 Action at Wilson’s Wharf
June 15-18
Assaults on Petersburg

From the wayside marker at Battery 8 on the Petersburg defences:

On June 15, 1864, after seizing Battery 5, Union troops swept southward along the Dimmock Line. Men of the 1st and 22nd Colored Troops captured Battery 8, overcoming heavy resistance from part of Brig. Gen. Henry A. Wise’s Virginia brigade. By the morning of June 16, the 1.5 miles of Confederate works between Batteries 3 and 11 were in Union hands.

June 16 – December 7
Siege of Petersburg and Richmond

There is a monument to the men of the United States Colored Troops on the Petersburg battlefield

July 30 Explosion of Mine, Petersburg
September 28-30 Demonstration on north side of the James River; Battle of Chaffin’s Farm, New Market Heights
September 29
Fort Harrison
October 27-28
Battle of Fair Oaks
December 7-27
Expedition to Fort Fisher, N. C.
January 7-15
2nd Expedition to Fort Fisher, N, C.
January 15
Assault on and capture of Fort Fisher
January 19
Sugar Loaf Hill
February 11
Sugar Loaf Battery
February 18-20
Fort Anderson
February 22
Northeast Ferry and Capture of Wilmington
March 1-April 26
Campaign of the Carolinas

Attched to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 10th Corps, Dept. of North Carolina.

March 6-21 Advance on Goldsboro
March 21 Occupation of Goldsboro
March 23-24 Cox’s Bridge
April 9-13 Advance on Raleigh
April 13 Occupation of Raleigh
April 26
Bennett’s House

Surrender of Johnston and his army.

May-Septmber Duty in the Dept. of North Carolina
September 29 Mustered out