1862
August 10 Formed at at Camp Long at Garysburg, North Carolina under Colonel Dennis D. Fereby, Lieutenant Colonel Edward P. Cantwell and Major James M. Mayo
Skirmished in the Goldsboro – Kinston area.
September 28 Lieutenant Colonel Edward Cantwell, ADC to General Clingman, was appointed lieutenant colonel of the 4th North Carolina Cavalry.
1863
May Moved to Virginia and assigned to Robertson’s Brigade of Stuart’s Cavalry Division of the Army of Northern Virginia
June 9
Battle of Brandy Station

Commanded by Colonel Dennis D. Ferebee.

June 17 Battle of Aldie
June 19
Battle of Middleburg

Lt. Colonel Cantwell was captured

June 21
Battle of Upperville

Major Mayo was captured.

September 9 The Cavalry Division was expenaded into a corps. The regiment was assigned to Gordon’s Brigade, Hampton’s Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of Northern Virginia, known as the North Carolina Cavalry Brigade.
September 13 Culpeper Court House
September 14 Raccon Ford, Rapidan Station
September 22 Jack’s Shop, Madison Court House
October 8-10 James City, Virginia
October 9-22 Bristoe Campaign
October 12 Warrenton, White Sulpher Springs
October 13 Auburn Mills
October 14
Battle of Bristoe Station

Colonel Fereby was wounded in the foot.

October 14 Brentsville, Auburn Mills, Auburn Ford
October 15 Manassas Junction
October 18 Haymarket
October 19 Buckland’s Mills (Buckland Races)
November 7-8 Advance to the Rappahannock
November 7 Kelly’s Ford
November 8 Brandy Station
November 26 –
December 2
Mine Run Campaign

On picket duty near Antioch Church.

November 26-27 Raccoon Ford, Payne’s Farm
December 2 Went into winter quarters near Milford at Guinea Station, picketing the Rappahannock River crossings.
1864
January 24 In Carolina County, Virginia. Colonel Fereby was stll on sick leave due to his Bristoe Station wound, and Lieutenant Colonel Rufus Barringer was given temporary command of the regiment that was to last until June when he was promoted to brigadier general.
January 25 Ordered home to Woodville, North Carolina to recruit for the winter.
March 10 Lt. Colonel Cantwell was exchanged
April 22 The regiment was detached from Gordon’s Brigade (replaced by the 3rd North Carolina Cavalry)
April 23 At Weldon, N.C.
Early May At Kinston, N.C.
May Assigned to Dearing’s Cavalry Brigade. Colonel Fereby rejoined the regiment at this time.
June 6 Major William H.H. Cowles promoted to Lieutenant Colonel.
June 8 At Dunn’s Farm outside Petersburg
June 9 Ordered to report to General Wise at Petersburg to help repel the Union attack. The regiment was directed to Jerusalem Plank Road, where Lt. Colonel Cantwell charged the Union column, then slowly moved forward to break the Union line and drive them off.
June 10 Moved to picket the City Point Railroad.
June 15 Attacked by the 3rd New York Mounted Rifles but slowed and eventually halted the Union attack.
June 16-18 Fighting east of Petersburg
June 19 The regiment along with the rest of Dearing’s Brigade was assigned to General W.H.F. Lee’s Division. The brigade moved to the Jerusalem Plank Road.
June 20 Skirmish on Jerusalem Plank Road.
June 21 Moved to Ream’s Station
June 22-July 2 Defending South Side & Danville against Wilson’s Expedition
June 23 Nottoway Court House
June 24 Skrimish at Staunton Bridge
June 25 Statunton River Bridge
June 30 – July 3 Skirmishes at Ream’s Station
July 4 Picket duty around Ream’s Station
July 11 Companies A&B of the 12th North Carolina Cavalry battalion became Companies K&I of the 4th Regiment.
August 4 Relieved of picket duty and returned to position south of Petersburg
August 26 Returned to picket duty south of the city
September 14-17 Hampton’s Cattle Raid
September 16 Attack on the Union cattle herd. 2,486 head of cattle were brought back to Confederate lines.
September 30 Forced out of breatworks along Squirrel Level Road at Fort Archer by a Federal attack.
October Dismounted and assigned to trenches near Hatcher’s Run.
October 15 Lt. Colonel Cantwell was promoted to colonel to serve on a military court.
October 27-28
Boydton Plank Road

The regiment held trenches near Burgess Mill on the 27th. The next day the brigade moved forward and attacked the retreating Union rearguard between Dabney’s and Armstrong’s mills and drove it across Hatcher’s Run.

November 1 At Burgess Mill
November 11 The brigade mustered 442 dismounted men.
November 16 Three miles south of Burgess Mill
late November Assigned to W.H.F. Lee’s Division. The regiment mustered 127 dismounted men.
December 1 Moved into winter quarters at Belfield.
December 7-12 Defense against Warren’s Hicksford Expedition
December 9-10 Skirimish at Bellefield
1865
February 4 Mock jousting tournament hosted by Baringer’s Brigade
February 5-7
Battle of Hatcher’s Run, Armstrong Mills
February 21 Brigadeier General William P. Roberts took over command of the brigade after General Dearing was given command of Rosser’s Brigade.
February 22 Moved to Stony Creek
February 24 Major Mayo was exchanged and admitted to the Richmond hospital. He would not return to the regiment.
March 13 To Dinwiddie Court House
March 14 Encamped on White Oak Road
March 24 Disappointed that he had been passed over for brigadier several times, Colonel Fereby resigned to serve on the staff of Governor Vance. Captain Demosthenes Bell of Company G took command of the regiment.
March 30-31 Dinwiddie Courthouse
March 31
White Oak Road
April 1
Battle of Five Forks
April 2 Sutherland Station, South Side Railroad
April 3
Battle of Namozine Church

Acted as rearguard at the ford over Namozene Creek but was outflanked and forced back.

April 4-8 Cossed Deep Creek at Brown’s Bridge, then retreated west through High Bridge and Farmville.
April 8 Camped just east of Appomattoox Court House on the Richmond and Lynchburg Road.
April 9
Appomattox Court House

Moved through the village to west of the Court House. The regiment made a mounted saber charge against an artillery battery, whose men scattered. They captured four Napoleons and 50 men. This was reportedly the last capture of arms by the Army of Northern Virginia. The regiment then fell back when confronted by a superior force of Union cavalry armed with Spencer repeaters.

By this time firing had ceased. The surrender talks were in progress. The regiment surrendered 40 men.