Confederate Regiments & Batteries > South Carolina


1861
July Organized at Lightwoodknot Springs near Columbia under Colonel Oliver E. Edwards, Lieutenant Colonel Patrick L. Calhoun and Major Thomas S. Farrow.
October Moved to near Pocotaligo for Coastal Defence
1862
April Moved to Virginia and assigned to Maxcy Gregg’s Brigade (later McGowan’s)
June 19 Lt. Colonel Calhoun resigned due to pleurisy. Major Farrow was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain Benjamin T. Brockman of Company B was promoted to major.
June 27
Battle of Gaines’ Mill

The regiment brought 413 men to the field. Captain Isaac Hunt was wounded.

June 30
Frayser’s Farm

Engaged 342 men.

August 29-30
Second Battle of Manassas (Bull Run)

The regiment lost 26 killed and 118 wounded. Colonel Edwards, Lt. Colonel Farrow and Major B.T. Brockman were wounded.

September 1
Battle of Ox Hill (Chantilly)

The regiment lost 5 killed and 24 wounded

September 17
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)

From the brigade marker on the Antietam battlefield:

Gregg’s Brigade formed line about 3 P.M. in the fields southwest of this and advanced into the southwest corner of the 40 acre cornfield, about 100 yards east of this point, where it encountered and repulsed the advance of the extreme left of the Ninth Corps. An effort to pursue into the field beyond was checked, and the Brigade fell back to the line now marked by this road, where it remained until the early morning of the 19th, when it retired to Blackford’s Ford and was the last Infantry Brigade of the Confederate Army to recross the Potomac.

September 20 Shepherdstown
Fall Lt. Colonel Farrow resigned and Major Brockman was promoted to lieutenant colonel.
December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg

The regiment lost 3 men killed and 52 wounde. Lt. Colonel Brockman and Captains Isaac Hunt and Joseph Wofford were wounded.

1863
January 6 Captain Isaac F. Hunt of Company D was promoted to major.
May 5
Battle of Chancellorsville

The regiment lost 91 men. Colonel Edwards was mortally wounded, and Lt. Colonel B.T. Brockman took command. General McGowan was wounded, and Colonel Perrin took command of the brigade.

June 21 Colonel Edwards died at Goldsboro, North Carolina. Lt. Colonel B.T. Brockman was promoted to colonel, Major Hunt was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain Joseph L. Wofford of Company E was promoted to major.
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment lost 130 men of the 390 who were engaged.

From the monument to Perrin’s Brigade on the Gettysburg Battlefield:

July 1. Crossed Willoughby Run about 3.30 P. M. with its left in Reynolds Woods and advancing relieved Heth’s line. Took a prominent part in the struggle by which the Union forces were dislodged from Seminary Ridge and pursuing them into town captured many prisoners. The Rifle Regiment was on duty as train guard and not in the battle of this day.

July 2. Supported artillery south of Fairfield Road. At 6 P. M. advanced a battalion of Sharpshooters which skirmished with Union outposts until dark. At 10 P. M. took position on Ramseur’s right in the Long Lane leading from the town to the Bliss House and Barn.

July 3. In the same position and constantly engaged in skirmishing.

July 4. After night withdrew and began the march to Hagerstown.

Present about 1600 Killed 100 Wounded 477 Total 577

July 14 Falling Waters
October 9-22 Bristoe Campaign
November – December Mine Run
November 4 Major Wofford resigned due to his wound from Fredericksburg.
1864
May 5-7
Battle of The WIlderness

The regiment lost 63 men.

May 8-20
The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

The regiment lost 86 men. Colonel Brockman was mortally wounded in the head and arm.

From the monument to McGowan’s South Carolina Brigade at the Bloody Angle:

The Bloody Angle
In the rainy gloom of May 12, 1864, Brigadier General Samuel McGowan’s brigade of South Carolinians battled their way into the disputed earthworks here, near the apex of the Muleshoe Salient. For eighteen hours the 1,300 South Carolinians defended these works against relentless attacks by thousands of Federals, sometimes engaging in hand-to-hand fighting. By battle’s end, 451 men of the brigade were¬†killed, wounded, or missing. The slight angle in the works they defended would forever be known as the Bloody Angle.

May 23-26
North Anna

The regiment lost 49 men from May 12-July 1

May 23
Jericho Ford

Lt. Colonel Hunt took command, then Major William Lester

June 1-3
Battle of Cold Harbor
June 8 Colonel Brockman died in Richmond of his Spotsylvania wound. Lieutenant Colonel Hunt was promoted to colonel, Captain David R. Duncan of Company C was promoted to major.
The brigade was taken over by James Conner
July 28
Deep Bottom

The regiment lost 42 men. Colonel Hunt was in command.

August
Siege of Petersburg
August 16
Fussell’s Mill/ Deep Bottom Run-Strawberry Plains

The regiment lost 32 men, including Colonel Hunt, who was wounded. Lt. Colonel Lester took over the regiment.

September 30
Poplar Springs Church

The regiment lost 34 men.

October 1
Pegram’s Farm

Lt. Colonel Lester was killed. Major D.R. Duncan took over the regiment.

1865
March 31
Gravelly Run

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Hunt.

April 1
Battle of Five Forks
April 2
Dinwiddie Courthouse

Major Duncan was captured.

April 9
Appomattox Court House

The regiment surrendered 13 officers and 183 men.