|July||Organized at Aiken under Colonel James Jones|
|September 9||William D. Simpson was appointed major|
|October||Moved to the South Carolina coast near Pocatligo|
|January 1||Under fire from Federal gunboats|
|April||Ordered to Virginia|
|April 11||Colonel Jones resigned. Samuel McGowan, who had served on the staff of Brigadier General Milledge Bonham, was appointed as colonel. Major Simpson was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain William I. Carter of Company A was promoted to major|
|May 27||Assigned to Maxcy Gregg’s South Carolina Brigade of A.P. Hill’s Division.|
Battle of Gaines’ Mill
The regiment lost 42% of the approximately 500 men engaged. Colonel McGowen was bruised in the side by canister and Major Carter and Captains Joseph N. Brown and Edward Croft were also wounded.
Commanded by Colonel Samuel McGowen
|July 29||Assigned to Gregg’s Brigade of A.P. Hill’s Division in Jackson’s Command|
|August 29-30||Second Battle of Manassas
The regiment lost 8 killed and 57 wounded. Colonel McGowen was wounded in the thigh, and Lt. Colonel W.D. Simpson was also wounded.
|September 1||Ox Hill (Chantilly)|
Gregg’s Brigade formed line about 3 P.M. in the fields southwest of this and advanced into the southwest corner of the 40 acre cornfield, about 100 yards east of this point, where it encountered and repulsed the advance of the extreme left of the Ninth Corps. An effort to pursue into the field beyond was checked, and the Brigade fell back to the line now marked by this road, where it remained until the early morning of the 19th, when it retired to Blackford’s Ford and was the last Infantry Brigade of the Confederate Army to recross the Potomac.
Lost 10 killed and 45 wounded
|Fall||Lt. Colonel Simpson resigned to take his seat in the Confederate Congress.|
Battle of Fredericksburg
General Gregg was mortally wounded. Colonel McGowen took over the brigade, with Lt. Colonel Abner Perrin taking command of the regiment.
|January 17||Colonel McGowan was promoted to brigadier general and Lt. Colonel Perrin was promoted to colonel.|
|February 20||Major Carter resigned due to chronic disease and Captain Joseph N. Brown of Company E was promoted to lieutenant colonel.|
|February 24||Captain Edward Croft of Company H was promoted to major.|
The regiment was commanded by Colonel Abner Perrin, and lost 145 men. General McGowan was wounded in the thigh, and Colonel Perrin took command of the brigade while Lieutenant Colonel J.N. Brown took command of the regiment.
Lt. Colonel Joseph N. Bown was still in command while Colonel Perrin commanded the brigade. The regiment lost 209 men of 408 engaged. Lt. Colonel Brown and Major Edward Croft were wounded.
July 1. Crossed Willoughby Run about 3.30 P. M. with its left in Reynolds Woods and advancing relieved Heth’s line. Took a prominent part in the struggle by which the Union forces were dislodged from Seminary Ridge and pursuing them into town captured many prisoners. The Rifle Regiment was on duty as train guard and not in the battle of this day.
July 2. Supported artillery south of Fairfield Road. At 6 P. M. advanced a battalion of Sharpshooters which skirmished with Union outposts until dark. At 10 P. M. took position on Ramseur’s right in the Long Lane leading from the town to the Bliss House and Barn.
July 3. In the same position and constantly engaged in skirmishing.
July 4. After night withdrew and began the march to Hagerstown.
Present about 1600 Killed 100 Wounded 477 Total 577
|July 14||Falling Waters|
|September 17||Lt. Colonel Brown was promoted to colonel.|
|October 9-22||Bristoe Campaign|
|November – December||Mine Run|
The regiment lost 85 men
The regiment lost 72 men
The Bloody Angle
Colonel Brown was captured. Captain J.H. Boatwright took command
Colonel I.F. Hunt took command, then Major William Lester
|The brigade taken over by James Conner|
Lt. Colonel Edward Croft, commanding, then Major H.H. Harper
|August 3||Colonel Brown was exchanged|
Fussell’s Mill-Deep Bottom Run-Strawberry Plains
The regiment lost 24 men at Deep Bottom and 24 at Fussel’s Mill
|August||Siege of Petersburg|
The regiment lost 35 men at Poplar Spring Church
|March 31||Gravelly Run|
Commanded by Major E.D. Brailsford
Colonel J.N. Brown, commanding
Appomattox Court House
Commanded by Lt. Colonel Edward Croft. The regiment surrendered 18 officers and 246 men.