Confederate Regiments & Batteries > Virginia


1861
July Organized under Colonel Samuel H. Reynolds and Major John Stringer Hoffman and mustered into Confederate service
July Lee’s Cheat Mountain campaign
July 11 Battle of Rich Mountain
September Attached to H. R. Jackson’s Brigade, Army of the Northwest
October 3 Greenbrier River
November Attached to Johnson’s Brigade, Jackson’s Division, Army of the Northwest
November 28 Colonel Reynolds resigned.
December 13 Camp Allegheny
December 14 Sergeant-Major John S. Hoffman was commissioned major.
1862
May Assigned to ‘Alleghany’ Johnson’s Brigade of the Army of the Northwest
May 1 In the army reorganization Major Hoffman was elected to Colonel, Major Alfred H. Jackson (General Jackson’s a.a.g.) to lieutenant colonel and Joseph H. Chenoweth to major.
May-June Jackson’s Valley Campaign
May 8 McDowell
June 8-9 Cross Keys & Port Republic

Major Chenoweth was killed

June 9 Captain James C. Arbogast of Company G was promoted to major
June Attached to Elzey’s, Walker’s, Early’s Brigade, Ewell’s Division, Jackson’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia
June 27 Gaines’ Mill
July 1 Malvern Hill
August 9 Cedar Mountain

Lieutenant Colonel Jackson and Captain James S.K. McCutchen were wounded. Colonel Jackson’s wound would proove mortal, but he survived until August of 1863.

August 26-27 Bristoe and Manassas Junction
August 28-30
Second Battle of Manassas (Bull Run)
September 1 Chantilly
September 12-15 Harpers Ferry
September 17
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)

The regiment was commanded by Colonel John S. Hoffman.

From the brigade marker along Maryland Route 65 south of Starke Avenue on the Antietam battlefield:

On the night of the 16th, Early’s Brigade bivouacked in the farm lane on the left of Jackson’s Division and in the Dunkard Church woods, between this point and the Church. At dawn of the 17th, the Brigade moved nearly a mile northwest to support Stuart’s Cavalry Division and some Batteries of Artillery. The Brigade was on this duty about an hour when, leaving the 13th Virginia Infantry with Stuart, it returned and formed line on the plateau east of this, perpendicular to the Hagerstown Pike and, advancing in a northerly direction, as a support to Jackson’s right, participated in a sanguinary engagement with the right of the First Army Corps, which was obliged to retire, then moved to the south along the west edge of the West Woods, and engaged the enemy near the Dunkard Church.

From the brigade marker on the west side of Philadelphia Brigade Park on the Antietam battlefield:

After supporting Jackson’s Division in repulsing the right of the First Army Corps on the plateau west of the Hagerstown Pike, Early’s Brigade, moving through the West Woods and along their western edge to this point, advanced east and, in co-operation with portions of McLaws’ Division, drove the 125th Pennsylvania and 34th New York from the woods near the church. Then, wheeling to the left, supported by the Brigades of Semmes, Anderson and Barksdale, and portions of Jackson’s Division, struck the flank of Sedgwick’s Division and forced it to retire from the field. The Brigade was then reformed and withdrawn to the position occupied by it in the morning and, later in the day, moved to the northern part of the West Woods, where it remained until the night of the 18th, when it recrossed the Potomac

November Attached to Early’s Brigade, Ewell’s Division, Second Corps , Army of Northern Virginia
December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg
December 20 Major Arbogast resigned. Captain James S.K. McCutchen of Company D was promoted to major.
1863
April Jones’ and Imboden’s West Virginia Raid

Temporarily attached to Imboden’s Brigade

May 1-4 Battle of Chancellorsville
June Attached to Smith’s Brigade, Early’s Division, Second Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
Second Battle of Winchester
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Colonel John S. Hoffman and brought 267 men to the field. It lost 1 man killed, 19 wounded and 7 missing.

From the War Department marker for Smith’s Brigade at Culp’s Hill on the Gettysburg battlefield:

July 3. The Brigade having been detached two days guarding York Pike and other roads against the reported approach of Union Cavalry was ordered to Culp’s Hill to reinforce Johnson’s Division. Arriving early formed in line along this stone wall receiving and returning fire of Infantry and sharpshooters in the woods opposite and being subjected to heavy fire of Artillery. It repulsed the charge of the 2nd Massachusetts and 27th Indiana Regiments against this line and held its ground until the Union forces regained their works on the hill. It then moved to a position further up the creek and during the night marched to Seminary Ridge where it rejoined Early’s Division.

July 4. Occupied Seminary Ridge. After midnight began the march to Hagerstown.

July 10 Brigadier General Smith resigned his commission and Colonel Hoffman temporarily took over the brigade as senior colonel.
August 1 Lieutenant Colonel Jackson died of his wound from Cedar Mountain. Major McCutchen was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain William P. Cooper of Company C was promoted to major.
October Bristoe Campaign
October Brigadier General John Pegram took over the brigade, and Colonel Hoffman returned to command of the regiment.
November-December Mine Run Campaign

Attached to Pegram’s Brigade, Early’s Division, Second Corps, Army of Northern Virginia

1864
May 5-6
Battle of The Wilderness

Colonel Hoffman took command of the brigade when General Pegram was wounded. Lt. Colonel McCutchen took over the regiment.

May 8-21
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

Major Cooper was wounded.

May 22-26 North Anna
June 1-3
Battle of Cold Harbor
June 4 Brigadier General Robert Lilley was assigned to command the brigade and Colonel Hoffman returned to regimental command.
June Lynchburg Campaign

Attached to Lilley’s Brigade, Ramseur’s Division, Army of the Valley

June 17-18 Battle of Lynchburg
June 19-21 Pursuit of Hunter
June 22 Day of rest at Salem
June 23-26 Advance into the Shenandoah Valley to Staunton
June 28-July 2 Advance from Staunton to near Harpers Ferry
July 5-6 Crossed the Potomac at Boteler’s Ford and advances to west of Frederick
July 9
Battle of Monocacy
July 10 The advance on Washington continued through an extremely hot day.
July 11-12 Battle of Fort Stevens
July 13-15 Left Washington, crossed the Potomac at White’s Ford, and marched across Loudon County.
July 16 Crossed the Blue Ridge at Snickers Gap to Berryville
July 19 Moved to Strasburg
July 20 General Lilley was captured and General Pegram returned to command the brigade.
July 24 Second Battle of Kernstown
August 8 At Bunker Hill
August 10 To Winchester
August 12 To Fisher’s Hill
August 17 Returned to Winchester and Bunker Hill.
August 22 To Charles Town
August 25-26 Feint toward Williamsport and return to Bunker Hill.
September 5 To Winchester
September 19
Third Battle of Winchester
September 22
Fisher’s Hill
October 19
Cedar Creek
December Petersburg Siege

The regiment returned from the Shenandoah Valley and rejoined Lee’s main army around Petersburg, attached to Pegram’s/Walker’s Brigade, Ramseur’s Division, Second Corps of the Army of Northern Virginia

1865
January Captain Nathen Clawson was reported to be in command of the regiment
February 5
Battle of Hatcher’s Run

Colonel Hoffman was badly wounded while commanding the brigade. Major William P. Cooper took command of the regiment.

March 25 Assault on Fort Stedman
April 6 Battle of Sayler’s Creek
April 9 Appomattox Court House

The regiment surrendered 7 officers and 49 men