The 9th Massachusetts Light Artillery Battery lost 2 officers and 13 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 4 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored by three monuments at Gettysburg.
|August 10||Organized at Camp Meigs, Readville, and mustered in|
|September 3||Left State for Washington, D.C. and attached to Abercrombie’s Division, Military District of Washington, D.C for duty in the Defenses of Washington|
|September 7||At Camp Seymour, Capital Hill|
|September 23||at Camp Chase|
|October 27||at Camp Barry|
|November 19||at Forts Ramsey and Buffalo, Upton’s Hill, Va.|
|February||Attached to the 2nd Brigade, Abercrombie’s Division. 22nd Army Corps, Dept. of Washington|
|April 17||Moved to Centreville, Va|
|May||Barry’s Command, 22nd Army Corps|
|June 25||to Fairfax C. H. and Edward’s Ferry|
|June 27||To Frederick City, Md.|
|June 29||to Middleburg|
|June 30||to Tanneytown|
|July 1||to Gettysburg, Pa.; attached to 1st Volunteer Brigade, Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac|
The battery was commanded at Gettysburg by Captain John Bigelow, who was wounded on July 2nd. Lieutenant Richard S. Milton then took command. The 9th brought 110 men to the field serving six 12-pounder Napoleons. It lost 8 men killed, 18 wounded and 2 missing and lost 65 horses.
The 9th Massachusetts Battery was assigned to support the 3rd Corps on July 2. When Longstreet’s attack led to the collapse of the 3rd Corps position it was the last of five batteries to withdraw. Having lost its horses it was forced to withdraw by ‘firing by prolong’ – using ropes to drag the artillery pieces back by hand after every firing. After retiring 400 yards the battery was ordered to make a stand close to the Trostle house and hold that point at all hazards until a line of artillery could be formed in its rear. It was charged by Colonel Humphrey’s 21st Mississippi Infantry Regiment, which entered the battery and fought hand to hand with the cannoneers. The battery lost 28 men killed and wounded and when it was finally ordered to fall back.
On July 3rd two guns under Lieutenant Milton were all that remained serviceable. These were deployed behind the 2nd Corps in Ziegler’s Grove during Pickett’s Charge.
From the regiment’s monument at Gettysburg:
1st position left gun Wheatfield Road 4:30 to 6 p.m. July 2, 1863. Shelled Confederate Batteries on Emmitsburg Road also the enemy around Rose Farm buildings. Enfiladed with canister Kershaw’s Brigade C.S.A. moving across field in front from Emmitsburg Road to woods on left where battle was raging in front of Round Tops. 6 p.m. – alone on field. Graham’s Brigade 3rd Corps forced from Peach Orchard had retired by detachments.
By ‘prolonge firing’ retired before Kershaw’s skirmishers and Barksdale’s Brigade C.S.A. 400 yards.
2nd position angle of stone wall near Trostle’s House where the Battery was halted by Lieut. Colonel McGilvery and ordered to hold enemy in check until line of artillery could be formed 560 yards in the rear. Was without support and hemmed in by stone wall. Enemy closed in on flanks. Man and horses were shot down when finally overcome at 6:30 p.m. Lieut. Colonel McGilvery had batteries unsupported in position near the Weikert House covering opening in lines between Round Tops and left of 2nd Corps 3/4 mile occasioned by withdrawal of Graham’s Brigade.
7:15 p.m. Willard’s Brigade 2nd Corps and later Lockwood’s Brigade 12th Corps came to support of artillery. 8 p.m. the enemy finally repulsed.
From the monument by the Trostle Farm:
2nd position, 6 p.m., July 2, 1863.
Ninth Mass. Battery, Capt. Bigelow, by prolongue retired firing from the crossroads 400 yds. distant without infantry support before Barksdale’s Confed. Brigade. Final stand made across this road.
From the monument in Ziegler’s Grove:
Ninth Mass. Battery, Capt. Bigelow, July 3d and 4th 1863. Two guns, Lt. Milton comdg.
|August 1||At Warrenton|
|September 16||at Culpeper C. H.|
|October 11-22||Bristoe Campaign|
|November 7-8||Advance to line of the Rappahannock|
|November 26||Mine Run Campaign|
|December 13||At Brandy Station; attached to 2nd Volunteer Brigade, Artillery Reserve|
|April||Attached to 3rd Volunteer Brigade, Artillery Reserve|
|May 4||Rapidan Campaign; attached to Artillery Brigade, 5th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac|
|May 8||Battle of Laurel Hill|
|May 23-26||Battle of North Anna River|
|May 26-28||Line of the Pamunkey River|
|May 28-31||Battle of Totopotomoy|
|June 1-3||Battle of Bethesda Church|
|June 16-18||Before Petersburg|
|June 24 –
|Built and occupied Fort Davis|
|August 18-21||Weldon Railroad|
|August 22||Garrison Fort Duschene and Fort Howard|
|October 27-28||Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher’s Run|
|December 7-12||Warren’s Raid on Weldon Railroad|
|December 13||Garrison Fort Rice|
|February 5-7||Dabney’s Mills, Hatcher’s Run|
|March 25||Fort Stedman|
|March 28||Appomattox Campaign|
|April 2||Assault on and fall of Petersburg|
|April 3||Duty at City Point|
|May 3-13||Moved to Washington, D.C.|
|May 23||Grand Review|
|June 6||Mustered out at Gallop’s Island, Boston Harbor|