United States Regiments & Batteries > New YorkInfantry

“Rochester Regiment”

The 108th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 9 officers and 95 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 87 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War.

The regiment is honored by a monument in Ziegler’s Grove at Gettysburg.

August 18 Organized at Rochester and mustered in for three years Federal service under Colonel Oliver H. Palmer, Lieutenant Colonel Charles J. Powers, and Major George B. Force
August 19 Moved to New York
August 22 To Washington, D.C. Attached to Whipple’s Command, Defenses of Washington, D.C.
September 6-22
Maryland Campaign

Attached to 2nd Corps, 3rd Division, 2nd Brigade.

September 16-17
Battle of Antietam

The regiment lost 196 killed and wounded its first battle in the attack on the Sunken Road, losing Major Powers, Lieutenants D. B. Tarbox and R. E. Holmes and 27 men killed, 13 enlisted men mortally wounded, 2 officers and 107 men wounded, and 43 men missing.

Private Henry Niles of Company K captured the colors of the 14th North Carolina Infantry, and the regiment reported capturing 9 Confederate officers and 159 enlisted men.

From the brigade marker on the Antietam battlefield:

Morris’ Brigade relieved Weber’s and took position on the rise of ground just north of the Bloody Lane; the 108th New York east of Roulette’s Lane, the 14th Connecticut and 130th Pennsylvania west of it. Here supported and afterwards reinforced by Kimball’s Brigade, it maintained a severe contest, losing heavily in killed and wounded. In the latter part of the engagement, the 14th Connecticut was sent to reinforce Richardson’s Division on the left.

September 22
to October 30
Duty at Harper’s Ferry, W. Va.
October 16-17 Reconnaissance to Charleston
October 30 – November 17 Advance up Loudoun Valley and movement to Falmouth, Va.
December 12-15
Battle of Fredericksburg

The regiment lost 15 men killed or mortally wounded, 2 officers and 38 men killed, and 37 men wounded.

December At Falmouth
January 20-24 “Mud March”
February At Falmouth
April 27-May 6 Chancellorsville Campaign
May 1-5
Battle of Chancellorsville

The regiment lost 1 officer and 8 men killed or mortally wounded, 35 enlisted men wounded, and 8 men missing.

June 11-July 24 Gettysburg Campaign
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Francis E. Pierce and lost 3 officers and 15 men killed or mortally wounded, and 10 officers and 74 men wounded.

From the monument:

Occupied this position July 2 and 3, 1863 supporting Battery I, 1st U.S. Art.
During the artillery duel on the afternoon of July 3, it sustained a terrific fire without being able to return a shot.

Number engaged 200. Casualties: Killed 16, wounded 86, Total 102.

During the charge the left of the Confederate line lapped its front and came within 50 yards of it before breaking.

July 5-24 Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va.
August Duty along Orange & Alexandria Railroad
September 13-17 Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan
September Picket duty on the Rapidan
October 8-22 Bristoe Campaign
October 14 Auburn and Bristoe
November 7-8 Advance to line of the Rappahannock
November 26 –
December 2
Mine Run Campaign
December At Stevensburg
February 6-7
Demonstration on the Rapidan, Morton’s Ford

The regiment lost 1 officer and 6 men wounded

March Attached to 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 2nd Army Corps
May 1-June 15 Campaign from the Rapidan to the James
May 5-7
Battle of the Wilderness

The regiment lost 9 men killed or mortally wounded, 6 officers and 33 men wounded, and 4 men missing.

May 8 Laurel Hill
May 8-21
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

The regiment lost 10 men killed and mortally wounded, 2 officers and 34 men wounded and 7 men missing.

May 10 Po River
May 12 Assault on the Salient or “Bloody Angle”
May 23-26 North Anna River
May 26-28 On line of the Pamunkey
May 28-31 Totopotomoy
June 1-12
Battle of Cold Harbor

The regiment lost 1 officer and 5 men killed or mortally wounded, and 1 officer and 14 men wounded.

June 16-18
First Assault on Petersburg

Siege of Petersburg begins.

June 22-23 Jerusalem Plank Road
July 27-29 Demonstration north of the James
July 27-28 Deep Bottom
August 13-20 Demonstration north of the James
August 14-18 Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom
August 25
Ream’s Station

The regiment lost 1 man killed, 1 officer and 2 men wounded, and 21 captured.

October 27-28 Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher’s Run
February 5-7
Dabney’s Mills, Hatcher’s Run
March 28-April 9 Appomattox Campaign
March 29-31
Boydton and White Oak Roads
March 31 Crow’s House
April 2 Fall of Petersburg
April 6 Sailor’s Creek
April 7 High Bridge and Farmville
April 9
Appomattox Court House

Surrender of Lee and his army.

April At Burkesville
May 2-12 March to Washington, D.C.
May 23 Grand Review
May 28 Mustered out under Colonel Powers at Baily’s Cross Roads, Virginia. Veterans and Recruits transferred to 59th New York Infantry.