United States Regiments & Batteries > New York > Infantry

“The Mountain Legion”

The 156th New York Infantry Regiment lost 4 officers and 56 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 3 officers and 164 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War.

Organized at Kingston, N.Y.
November 17 Mustered in under Colonel Erastus Cooke, Lieutenant Colonel Jacob Sharpe and Major Louis Schaffner
December 4 Left State for New Orleans, La.
December Camp at Carrollton, La. attached to Sherman’s Division, Dept of the Gulf
January Attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division. 19th Army Corps, Dept. of the Gulf, then 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 19th Army Corps
January 31 Major Schaffner resigns
February 1 Captain Thomas Fowler of Company B promoted to major
February 11-19 Expedition to Plaquemine
February At Carrollton
March 6 Moved to Baton Rouge
March 7-27 Operations against Port Hudson
March 28 Colonel Cooke discharged and Lieutenant Colonel Sharpe promoted to colonel
April 1 Moved to Algiers
April 9 To Berwick City
April 9-May 14 Operations in Western Louisiana
April 11-20 Teche Campaign
April 12-15
Fort Bisland near Centreville

Lieutenant Nelson Freer and 4 enlisted men were killed or mortally wounded and 17 enlisted men wounded

April 17 Vermillion Bayou
April 20 Opelousas
May 5-18 Expedition from Opelousas to Alexandria and Simsport
May 22-25 Moved to Port Hudson
May 25-July 9 Siege of Port Hudson
May 27
Assault on Port Hudson

The regiment lost 1 enlisted man killed

June 3-8 Expedition to Clinton
June 14
Assault on Port Hudson

The regiment lost Lt. Colonel Thomas Fowler and 5 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and Captain Matthias Euen and 22 enlisted men wounded

June 23-24
Brashear City

The regiment lost 2 enlisted men killed and 1 missing

July 1 Lt. Colonel Fowler died of his Port Hudson wounds in New Orleans. Captain William Van Wagenen of Company C promoted to major
July 9 Surrender of Port Hudson
July 11-15 Moved to Baton Rouge, then to Donaldsonville, and attached to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 19th Army Corps
August 13 Captain John Donaldson of Company G died of disease at Baton Rouge
August 14 Major Van Wagenen dismissed to date July 1. captain
August 15 At Baton Rouge
September 15 Lieutenant William Steadman of Company D died of disease at Baton Rouge
November 19 Captain Alfred Neafie of Company D promoted to lieutenant colonel
February Attached to 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 19th Army Corps. Dept. of the Gulf
March 19 Captain Howard Cooke of company B died of disease in St. James Hospital in New Orleans
March 23-May 22 Red River Campaign
March 25-
April 12
At Alexandria
April 1 Captain Matthias Euen of Company E promoted to major
April 9
Pleasant Hill

The regiment lost one enlisted man killed

April 23-24 Cane River
April 30-May 10 Construction of dam at Alexandria
May 2 and 9 Actions at Alexandria
May 13-20 Retreat to Morganza
May 16 Mansura
May At Morganza
May 30-June 5 Expedition from Morganza to the Atchafalaya
June 1 Atchafalaya River
July 5-29 Moved to Fortress Monroe, Va., then to Washington, D.C.
August 5-November 28 Sheridan’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign attached to the Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, 19th Corps, 2nd Division, 3rd Brigade 
September 19
Third Battle of Winchester (or Opequon)

Lieutenant Colonel Neafie commanded the regiment while Colonel Sharpe commanded the brigade as brevet brigadier general. The regiment lost 29 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and Colonel Sharpe, Lieutenant James Mack and 79 enlisted men wounded.

September 22
Battle of Fisher’s Hill

The regiment lost 4 enlisted men wounded.

October 19
Battle of Cedar Creek

Captain Johannes Le Fevre, Lieutenant Christopher Larkin and 15 enlisted men were killed or mortally wounded, Captain James Hoyt, Lieutenants Peter Halwick and William Seaton and 25 enlisted men were wounded, and 46 men missing. The colors were saved from capture when Captain Alfred Cooley stripped the colors from the staff and brought them off the field.

October Duty at Kernstown and Winchester
January 5-22 Moved to Savannah, Ga. and attached to 3rd Brigade, Grover’s Division, District of Savannah, Ga., Dept. of the South
March 5 Moved to Wilmington, N. C and attached to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 10th Army Corps, Army of the Ohio
March 10 To Morehead City
April 8 Moved to Goldsboro
May 2 To Savannah and attached to District of Savannah, Ga., Dept. of Georgia
October 23 Mustered out at Augusta, Ga. under Colonel Sharpe, Lieutenant Colonel Neafie and Major Euen