1st New York Dragoons
The 19th New York Cavalry Regiment, better known as the 1st New York Dragoons, lost 4 officers and 126 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 1 officer and 130 enlisted men to disease, a total of 261.
|July-August||Organized at Portage, N.Y., as 130th New York Infantry and mustered in under the command of Colonel William S. Fullerton.|
|September 3||Colonel Fullerton resigned.|
|September 6||Alfred Gibbs was promoted to colonel.|
|August 11||Designation of Regiment changed to 19th Cavalry|
|September 10||Designation of Regiment changed to 1st Dragoons. Assigned to Reserve Cavalry Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac|
|September 13||The regiment received its horses|
|September 13-17||Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan|
|September 22||Between Centreville and Warrenton|
The regiment lost 3 men killed, 1 officer and 2 men wounded, and 1 man captured.
|October 18||Bristoe Station|
|October 18-19||Buckland Mills|
|November 7-8||Advance to line of the Rappahannock|
|November 20||Culpeper Court House|
|November 26-December 2||
Mine Run Campaign
|December||The regiment received about 60 recruits, and prepared winter quarters. Non sooner were they completed than the regiment was ordered a few miles away, and had to do the labor again.|
Demonstration on the Rapidan, Barnett’s Ford
The regiment lost 3 killed and 8 wounded
|February 28 – March 2||A detachment of the regiment under Captains Hakes and Britton and Lieutenants Morey and Schlick took part in General Custer’s raid to Charlottesville.|
|March||Attached to 3rd (Reserve) Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac|
|April||The regiment turned in its unreliable Joslyn carbines for Spencers|
The regiment suffered the heaviest loss of any cavalry regiment in any one engagement of the war. Fighting dismounted with carbines against Confederate infantry behind breastworks, it lost 20 killed, 36 wounded and 35 missing.
|May 9-24||Sheridan’s Raid to James River|
|May 10||Davenport Bridge, North Anna River|
|May 12||Fortifications of Richmond and Meadow Bridge|
|May 26-28||On line of the Pamunkey|
|May 28||Haw’s Shop|
|May 30||Old Church and Mattadequi Creek|
|May 31-June 6||
The regiment lost heavily holding the center of Sheridan’s line, including Major Scott, Captains Thorp and Leach, and Lieutenants Burr and Burlison, all wounded.
|June 7-24||Sheridan’s Trevillian Raid|
The regiment suffered 16 killed, 61 wounded and 8 missing or captured, inclding Colonel Thorp, who was captured, and Captain Lemen, who was wounded.
|June 12||Newark or Mallory’s Ford Cross Roads|
|June 21||White House or St. Peter’s Church and Black Creek or Tunstall’s Station|
|June 23||Jones’ Bridge|
|June 24||Charles City Court House|
|June 27-July 30||Before Petersburg and Richmond|
|July 27-29||Demonstration north of the James River|
|July 27-28||Deep Bottom|
|July 28||Malvern Hill|
|August 7-November 28||Sheridan’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign|
|August 8||Crossed the Potomac at Harpers Ferry on the way to Shephardstown, returning to Harpers Ferry in the night|
|August 10||Near Stone Chapel, Berryville Pike|
Tell Gate near White Post and Newtown
The regiment held off Early’s army for most of the day, losing 29 killed and seriously wounded, including Major Scott, who was wounded. Major H. M. Smith would take command of the regiment.
|August 12||Cedar Creek|
|August 13 and 16||Cedarville|
|August 21||Summit Point|
|August 25||Near Kearneysville and Shephardstown
Abandoned by the Regulars, the regiment was surrounded falling back towards the Potomac, but was rescued by the timely intervention of Custer’s brigade.
|August 28||Leetown and Smithfield|
Smithfield Crossing, Opequan Creek
Lieutenant Alfred was killed, and Captain Hakes and Lieutenants Bayer and Critenden were wounded.
|September||Attached to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Shenandoah. The regiment was glad to trasfer away from a brigade mostly made up of U.S. Regulars, who they felt received most of the credit while doing little of the fighting.|
|September 13||Bunker Hill|
|September 15||Sevier’s Ford, Opequan Creek|
|September 19||Battle of Opequan, Winchester
Captain Alexander K. Thorp (brother to the lieutenant colonel) was instantly killed by a bullet to the head.
|September 20||Middletown and Strasburg|
|September 23||Near Edenburg|
|September 23-24||Front Royal, Mt. Jackson|
|September 24||New Market|
|September 26-27||Port Republic|
|October 2||Mr. Crawford|
|October 8-9||Tom’s Brook, “Woodstock Races”|
|October 14||Hupp’s Hill near Strasburg|
Colonel Gibbs was promoted to brigadier general for his conduct at the battle.
|October 20||Fisher’s Hill|
|October 22||Liberty Mills|
|November 1||Near White Post|
|November 11||Near Kernstown|
|November 19||Cedar Creek|
|November 28-December 3||Expedition from Winchester into Fauquier and Loudoun Counties|
|December 17||Thomas J. Thorp was promoted to colonel.|
|December 19-28||Expedition to Gordonsville|
The regiment captured two pieces of artillery in fighting in the bitter cold.
|December 22||Jack’s Shop|
|December 23||Near Gordonsville|
|Sheridan’s Raid from Winchester|
|March 2||Occupation of Staunton and Action at Waynesboro|
|March 3||Near Charlottesville|
|March 11||Goochland Court House|
|March 28-April 9||Appomattox Campaign|
|March 30-31||Dinwiddie Court House|
The regiment lost 15 casualties, includng Major Smith and Captain Leach, wounded.
|April 2||Scott’s Cross Roads|
|April 3||Deep Creek|
|April 4||Tabernacle Church or Beaver Pond Creek|
|April 6||Sailor’s Creek|
|April 8||Appomattox Station|
Surrender of Lee and his army
|April 23-29||Expedition to Danville|
|May||March to Washington, D.C.|
|May 23||Grand Review|
|June 30||Mustered out at Cloud’s Mills, Va. under Colonel Thomas J. Thorp and honorably discharged from service.|