United States Regiments & Batteries > New York > Cavalry

“Rochester Regiment”

The 8th New York Volunteer Cavalry Regiment lost 14 officers and 91 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 5 officers and 200 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.

Organized at Rochester, N.Y.
November 23 Mustered in
November 28-30 Moved to Washington, D.C. for duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C. attached to Cavalry Brigade, Army of the Potomac
March Attached to Hatch’s Cavalry Command, Banks’ 5th Corps
April Attached to Hatch’s Cavalry Brigade, Department of the Shenandoah
May 15-June 17 Operations in the Shenandoah Valley attached to Railroad Brigade, 8th Corps, Middle Department
May 24 Berryville
May 24-25 Retreat to Williamsport
May 25 Battle of Winchester
May 25 Stevenson’s Station
May 28-30 Harper’s Ferry
September 4 Near Charlestown
September 8 Summit Point
September 12-15 Siege of Harper’s Ferry
September 15 Near Williamsport and Greencastle
September Attached to 4th Brigade, Pleasanton’s Cavalry Division, Army of the Potomac
September 16-17
Battle of Antietam
September 20 Near Shephardstown
October 27 Snicker’s Gap
November Attached to 1st Cavalry Brigade, Right Grand Division, Army of the Potomac
November 1-2 Philomont
November 2-3 Union and Bloomfield
November 5-6 Barbee’s Cross Roads, Chester Gap and Markham
November 7 Waterloo Bridge
November 10 Corbin’s Cross Roads near Amissville
November 14 Jefferson
November 20 Uniontown
December 12-15 Fredericksburg
December 30-31 Near Warrenton
January 4 Warrenton
February 9 Somerville
February Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac
February 11 Belle Plains
March 2 Near Dumfries
March 4 Independence Hill, Prince William County
March 29 Near Dumfries
April 1 Beverly Ford
April 15 Beverly Ford, Freeman’s Ford and Hazel Run
April 27-May 8 Stoneman’s Raid
April 29 Kelly’s Ford
April 30 Culpeper
May 1 Rapidan Station
May 2 Ely’s Ford
May 4 Rapidan Bridge
June 9
Battle of Brandy Station

The regiment was commanded by Major Edmund M. Pope.

June 17 Aldie
June 20 Ashby’s Gap
June 21 Upperville
June 23 Aldie
June 27 Near Middleburg and Upperville
June 30 Fairfield, Pa.,
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel William L. Markell. It brought 623 men to the field and lost 3 killed, 10 wounded and 21 missing.

From the monument:

Pickets of this regiment were attacked around 5 a.m., July 1, 1863, by the advanced skirmishers of Heth’s Confederate Division. The regiment engaged the enemy west of Seminary Ridge, with the brigade stubbornly contesting the ground against great odds until about 10:30 a.m., when it was relieved by the advance regiments of the 1st Corps.

July 6 Williamsport and Funkstown
July 8 Boonsboro
July 9 Benevola or Beaver Creek
July 10-13 Funkstown
July 14 Falling Waters
July 21-22 Chester Gap
July 23 Wapping Heights
July 25 Barber’s Cross Roads
July 31-August 1 Kelly’s Ford
August 1, 4 and 10 Brandy Station
September 13-17 Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan
September 13 Culpeper Court House
September 14-15 Rapidan Station
September 19 Raccoon Ford
September 21-23 Reconnaissance across the Rapidan
September 22 Jack’s Shop, Madison Court House
October 1 Germania Ford
October 9-22 Bristoe Campaign
October 10 Germania, Raccoon and Morton’s Fords
October 11 Stevensburg and near Kelly’s Station
October 12 Brandy Station
October 15 Oak Hill
October 17-18 Hunter’s Ford
October 24-26 Bealeton
October 27 Snicker’s Gap
November 7-8 Advance to line of the Rappahannock
November 8 Muddy Run
November 26-December 2 Mine Run Campaign
November 27 Locust Grove
November 29 Parker’s Store
February 6-7 Demonstration on the Rapidan, Morton’s Ford
March 4 James City
March Attached to 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac
May-June Rapidan Campaign
May 5 Craig’s Meeting House
May 5-7 Wilderness
May 7 The Furnaces
May 8 Alsop’s Farm, Spottsylvania
May 9-24 Sheridan’s Raid to James River
May 9-10 North Anna River
May 11 Ground Squirrel Church and Yellow Tavern
May 12 Fortifications of Richmond and Meadow Bridge
May 26-28 On line of the Pamunkey
May 26 Demonstration on Little Creek
May 28-31 Totopotomoy
May 30 Mechump’s Creek
May 31 Hanover Court House
June 1-12 Cold Harbor
June 2 Gaines Mill, Totopotomoy and Salem Church and Sumner’s Upper Bridge
June 3 Haw’s Shop
June 10-11 Old Church
June 12 Riddell’s Shop and Long Bridge
June 13 White Oak Swamp
June 14 Near Harrison’s Landing
June 15 St. Mary’s Church and Malvern Hill
June 17-July 30 Before Petersburg
June 22-30 Wilson’s Raid on South Side & Danville Railroad
June 22 Ream’s Station
June 23 Black and White Station and Nottawny Court House
June 25 Staunton Bridge and Roanoke Station
June 27 Columbia Grove
June 28 Sappony Church or Stony Creek
June 29 Ream’s Station
August 7-November 28 Sheridan’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division
August 17 Winchester
August 21 Charlestown Summit Point
August 23 Halltown
August 25 Kearneysville
September 3 Berryville
September 7 Near Brucetown and near Winchester
September 13 Locke’s Ford
September 16 Snicker’s Gap
September 19 Battle of Opequan, Winchester
September 20 Near Cedarville
September 21 Front Royal Pike
September 22 Milford
September 25 Luray
September 26 Staunton
September 29 Waynesboro
September 30 Mr. Crawford
October 7 Columbia Furnace
October 8-9 Tom’s Brook, “Woodstock Races”
October 9 Mr. Olive
October 19 Battle of Cedar Creek
November 10 Near Kernstown
November 12 Newtown and Middle Road, Cedar Creek
November 22 Rude’s Hill, near Mt. Jackson
December 19-22 Expedition to Lacy Springs
December 21 Lacy Springs
February 4-6 Expedition from Winchester to Moorefield, W. Va.
February 27-
March 25,
Sheridan’s Raid from Winchester
March 2 Waynesboro
March 3 Occupation of Charlottesville
March 13 Beaver Dam Station
March 28-April 9 Appomattox Campaign
March 30-31 Dinwiddie Court House
April 1 Five Forks
April 2 Fall of Petersburg
April 3 Namozine Church
April 4 Jettersville
April 6 Sailor’s Creek
April 8 Appomattox Station
April 9
Appomattox Court House

Surrender of Lee and his army.

April 23-29 Expedition to Danville
May March to Washington, D.C.
May 23 Grand Review
June 27 Mustered out and honorably discharged from service.