United States Regiments & Batteries > Ohio


The 36th Ohio Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 4 officers and 136 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 163 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored by a monument at Antietam and at Chickamauga.

1861
July 30-August 31 Organized at Marietta, Ohio under Lieutenant Colonel Melvin Clarke and Major Ebenezer Andrews. Colonel George Crook of the Regular Army was assigned as colonel at Clarke’s request.
September 10 Left State for West Virginia. Moved to Summerville, and duty there.
October District of the Kanawha, West Virginia
December 15-21 Expedition to Meadow Bluff
1862
March Attached to 3rd Brigade, Kanawha Division, West Virginia
April 17-21 Cos. E, G, I and K – Expedition from Summerville to Addison
May 12-23 Expedition to Lewisburg, W. Va. Attached to Cox’s Kanawha Brigade, West Virginia.
May 20 Jackson River Depot
May 23 Action at Lewisburg
May 29 Moved to Meadow Bluff
June 22-25 Expedition to Salt Sulphur Springs
July – August Operations in Kanawha Valley
August 14-22 Movement to Washington, D.C.
August 23-September 3 Joined Gen. Pope, and on duty at his Headquarters during battle of Bull Run
September 6-22 Maryland Campaign. Attached to 2nd Brigade, Kanawha Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
September 12 Frederick City. Md.
September 14
Battle of South Mountain
September 16-17
Battle of Antietam

The Regiment was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Melvin Clarke while Colonel Crook took command of the brigade. Lt. Colonel Clarke was killed as the regiment advenced on Sharpsburg after crossing Antietam Creek. Major Andrews took over the regiment, and would be promoted to colonel the day after the battle.

From the monument :

This Regiment advanced near the Bridge over Antietam Creek on the morning of September 17, 1862, supporting Sturgis’ Division. It participated in the charge by which the Bridge was captured. Lieut. Col. Melvin Clarke was killed near this spot.

From the War Department marker for Crook’s Brigade on the Antietam bayylefield:

On the evening of September 16th Crook’s Brigade formed line on the ridge east of the Antietam, and north of the Burnside Bridge.

On the morning of the 17th, preceded by the 11th Connecticut of Harland’s Brigade as skirmishers, it attempted to carry the bridge but failed. About 2 P.M., five companies of the 28th Ohio crossed the stream at a ford 250 yards north of the bridge and advanced to the rising ground east of the Sharpsburg Road. The remainder of the Brigade crossed the bridge and moved up the road about 350 yards, when the united Brigade advanced over the high ground west of the road and supported the left of Willcox’s Division. It assisted in checking A.P. Hill’s advance but, the left of the line having been turned, it was obliged to withdraw to the cover of the ridge south and east of this line. This tablet marks the center of the advance position of the Brigade.

October 6-November 16 March to Hagerstown, thence to Hancock, Md., Clarksburg and the Kanawha Valley attached to 2nd Brigade, Kanawha Division, District of West Virginia, Dept. of the Ohio
November-December Duty at Charleston, W. Va.
1863
January 25 Ordered to Nashville, Tenn.
February 22 To Carthage and duty there attached to Crook’s Brigade, Baird’s Division, Army of Kentucky, Dept. of the Cumberland
April 9 Colonel Andrew resigned under pressure from a group of officers who filed unsubstantiated charges against him.
April 18 William Graham Jones, Acting ADC to Major General Sumner, was appointed as colonel.
June 23-July 7 Middle Tennessee or Tullahoma Campaign attached to 3rd Brigade, 4th Division, 14th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland
June 24-26 Hoover’s Gap
July-August Occupation of Middle Tennessee
August 16-September 22 Passage of the Cumberland Mountains and the Tennessee River, and Chickamauga Campaign
September 15-18 Catlett’s Gap
September 19-21
Battle of Chickamauga

Colonel William G. Jones was killed.

September 24-November 23 Siege of Chattanooga. Attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 14th Army Corps
October 26-29 Reopening Tennessee River
October 27 Brown’s Ferry
November 23-27 Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign
November 23-24 Orchard Knob
November 25 Mission Ridge
1864
January Regiment reenlisted. Veterans on furlough March and April.
March 19 Hiram F. Devol was promoted to colonel.
April Attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division, West Virginia
May 2-19 Ordered to Charleston, W. Va. Crook’s Raid to Dublin Depot, Virginia & Tennessee Railroad
May 9 Battle of Cloyd’s Mountain
May 10 New River Bridge
May 26-July 1 Hunter’s Raid on Lynchburg
June 11-12 Lexington
June 17 Diamond Hill
June 17-18 Lynchburg
June 20 Buford’s Gap
June 21 Salem
July 12-15 Moved to the Shenandoah Valley
July 19 Cablestown
July 23-24 Second Battle of Kernstown
July 25 Martinsburg
August 6 Sheridan’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign
August 15 Cedar Creek, Strasburg
August 24 Summit Point
August 26 Halltown
September 3 Berryville
September 19
Battle of Opequan (Third Battle of Winchester)
September 22
Fisher’s Hill
October 19
Battle of Cedar Creek
November 18 Kablestown
November-December Duty at Kernstown
1865
January Ordered to Cumberland, Md., and duty there attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Infantry Division, West Virginia
April Moved to Winchester, and duty there
June At Wheeling, W. Va
Mustered out July 27, 1865