The 66th Ohio Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 5 officers and 96 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 1 officer and 143 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored on a monument at Antietam shared with the 5th and 7th Ohio Regiments and on a monument at Gettysburg.
|Organized at Camp McArthur, Urbana, Ohio|
|December 17||Mustered in under the command of Colonel Charles Candy.|
|January 17||Ordered to New Creek, Va. Attached to 3rd Brigade, Landers’ Division, Army of the Potomac|
|March 7-15||Advance toward Winchester, Va. attached to 2nd Brigade, Shields’ 2nd Division, Banks’ 5th Corps|
|March-May||Provost duty at Martinsburg, Winchester and Strasburg|
|April 4||Attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Department of the Shenandoah|
|May 12-21||March to Fredericksburg attached to 2nd Brigade, Shields’ Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock|
|May 25-June 7||To Port Republic|
|June 9||Battle of Port Republic|
|June-August||Ordered to Alexandria and duty there attached to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Virginia|
|August 10-18||Operations near Cedar Mountain attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Virginia|
|Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia|
|August 28-30||Guarding trains of the army during the battles of Bull Run|
|September 6-22||Maryland Campaign, attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 12th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac|
The regiment was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Eugene Powell.
From the monument to the 5th, 7th and 66th Ohio Infantry Regiments:
These three regiments became engaged about 7:30 A.M., September 17, 1862, advanced and drove the enemy from the woods near the Dunkard Church and were in action until 1:30 P.M. Their combined loss was 17 men killed, 4 officers and 87 men wounded, 2 men missing, total 110.
From the first of two War Department markers on Tyndale’s Brigade on the Antietam battlefield:
Tyndale’s Brigade, on the right of the Division, reached this point about 8 A. M., relieved a portion of Crawford’s Brigade, and engaged the Confederate Infantry in the East Woods.
After a short and sharp contest, the enemy gave way and the Brigade, obliquing to the left, crossed the Smoketown Road, entered the fields to the right of Mumma’s burning buildings, and took position behind the ridge opposite the Dunkard Church.
From the second of two War Department markers on Tyndale’s Brigade on the Antietam battlefield:
Tyndale’s Brigade, after the right flank of the enemy had been turned, pursued through the East Woods, crossed to the south side of the Smoketown Road and passing to the right of Mumma’s burned out buildings, halted behind the ridge a few yards east of this point, where, with the assistance of Monroe’s and Tompkins’ Rhode Island Batteries, it repulsed several assaults of the enemy.
About 10:30 A. M. the Brigade crossed the road and entered the woods on the right of the Dunkard Church. Joined on the right by the 13th New Jersey Infantry of Williams Division, it remained in this position until noon when it was compelled to retire to the East Woods.
From Lieutenant Colonel Powell’s Official Report on the 66th Ohio in the battle:
The regiment moved to the field of battle in column, in company with the Fifth and Seventh Ohio Volunteers (infantry), and Twenty-eighth Pennsylvania Volunteers, composing the First Brigade, under command of Lieutenant Colonel Hector Tyndale, of the Twenty-eighth Pennsylvania. Moving in front of a piece of woods in which the enemy were in force, and under whose fire we were placed, having 2 wounded while we were in column, I immediately deployed my regiment, and two high fences were a serious obstacle to my deploying to the left. I formed in line of battle, moving to the right. I observed that the Seventh Ohio had formed line in a similar manner, and I immediately attached my regiment on the left of the Seventh Ohio, and together we moved toward the right of the line that the Twenty-eighth Pennsylvania were forming, which brought us immediately in front of a line of the enemy drawn up along a fence, in the edge of a corn-field. We immediately opened fire upon the enemy, who soon broke. We advanced, firing, in connection with the other regiments composing the First Brigade.
The retreat of this line of the enemy soon became a rout. My regiment took a number of prisoners, who were sent to the rear. The regiment moved rapidly forward and formed, with the rest of the brigade, under shelter of a small knoll, directly in front of the church on the Sharpsburg road. This regiment assisted in repulsing the several attacks made by the enemy to drive us from this position, and in their last attack I was wounded by a musket-shot along the cheek and neck, which disabled me from remaining on the field the rest of the day.
From the report of the acting adjutant of the regiment, we went into action 120 strong, and this small force acted as efficiently as it was possible for it to do. I had but two commissioned officers with me in the action, Lieutenants Smith and Yagel, both of whom escaped unhurt.
|September||Duty at Bolivar Heights|
|November 9||Reconnaissance to Rippon, Va.|
|December 2-6||Reconnaissance to Winchester|
|January 20-24||“Mud March”|
|February||At Stafford Court House|
|April 27-May 6||Chancellorsville Campaign|
|June 11-July 24||Gettysburg Campaign|
The regiment was commanded by Colonel Eugene Powell while Colonel Candy commanded the brigade as senior colonel. It brought 316 men to the field, of whom 17 were wounded.
From the monument:
The 66th Ohio Infantry arrived in position just north of Little Round Top at 5 p.m. July 1. Morning of July 2 moved to Culp’s Hill and intrenched. At daybreak July 3 advanced over the Union breastworks, and with right here and left at tablet below, opened an enfilading fire upon the enemy.
|July 5-24||Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va.|
|August 15-September 8||Duty at New York during draft disturbances|
|September 24-October 3||Movement to Bridgeport, Ala. and attached to Army of the Cumberland|
|October 6||Skirmish at Garrison’s Creek near Fosterville (Detachment)|
|October 26-29||ReopeningTennessee River.|
|November 23-27||Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign|
|November 23-24||Lookout Mountain|
|November 25||Mission Ridge|
|November 27||Ringgold Gap, Taylor’s Ridge|
|December 15||Regiment reenlisted|
|January||Duty at Bridgeport and in Alabama|
|March 29-April 2||Scout to Caperton’s Ferry|
|April 12-16||Expedition from Bridgeport down Tennessee River to Triana attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 20th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland|
|May 1-September 8||Atlanta Campaign|
|May 8-11||Demonstrations on Rocky Faced Ridge|
|May 8||Dug Gap or Mill Creek|
|May 14-15||Battle of Resaca|
|May 25||New Hope Church|
|May 25-June 5||Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills|
|June 10-July 2||Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain|
|June 11-14||Pine Hill|
|June 15-17||Lost Mountain|
|June 15||Gilgal or Golgotha Church|
|June 17||Muddy Creek|
|June 19||Noyes Creek|
|June 22||Kolb’s Farm|
|June 27||Assault on Kenesaw|
|July 4||Ruff’s Station|
|July 5-17||Chattahoochie River|
|July 19-20||Peach Tree Creek|
|July 22-August 25||Siege of Atlanta|
|August 26-September 2||Operations at Chattahoochie River Bridge|
|September 2-November 15||Occupation of Atlanta|
|November 9||Near Atlanta|
|November 15-December 10||March to the sea|
|December 10-21||Siege of Savannah|
|January to April||Campaign of the Carolinas|
|January 14||Colonel candy mustered out.|
|March 16||Little Cohora Creek, N. C.|
|March 19-21||Battle of Bentonville|
|March 24||Occupation of Goldsboro|
|April 10-14||Advance on Raleigh|
|April 14||Occupation of Raleigh|
|April 26||Bennett’s House. Surrender of Johnston and his army.|
|April 29-May 20||March to Washington, D.C., via Richmond|
|May 24||Grand Review|
|June||Moved to Louisville, Ky.|
|July 15||Mustered out|