United States Regiments & Batteries > Ohio


The 7th Ohio Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 10 officers and 174 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 2 officers and 87 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored by a monument at Antietam and a monument at Gettysburg.

1861
June 16 Organized at Camp Dennison, Ohio under  the command of Colonel Erasmus B. Tyler, Lieutenant Colonel William Creighton and Major John S. Casement
June 26 Left State for Clarksburg, Va.
June 29 Arrived Clarksburg and attached to Railroad District, West Virginia
June 29-30 Expedition to Weston, Va.
July 5 Relief of Glenville
July 7-August 15 Advance to Sutton and Cross Lanes
August 21-22 Moved to Gauley Bridge
August 26 Cross Lanes, near Summerville
September At Charleston
October 19-November 16 Operations in the Kanawha Valley
November 1-15 Expedition to Loop Creek and Fayetteville
November 15 McCoy’s Mills
1862
January 6-7 Expedition to Blue’s Gap attached to 3rd Brigade, Landers’ Division, Army Potomac
January 7 Blue’s Gap
January Duty at Hampton Heights and Paw Paw Tunnel
March 7-15 Advance on Winchester attached to 3rd Brigade, Shields’ 2nd Division, Banks’ 5th Army Corps, and Dept. of the Shenandoah
March 18-21 Reconnaissance to Strasburg
March 22-23
Battle of Winchester

Captain Asper was severly wounded

April 4 Attached to 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, Department of the Shenandoah
April 12 Monterey
May 12-21 March to Fredericksburg attached to 3rd Brigade, Shields’ Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock
May 14 Colonel Tyler was promoted to brigadier general. Major Casement resigned.
May 20 Lieutenant Colonel Creighton was promoted to colonel and Captain Joel Asper promoted to lieutenant colonel.
May 25-30 Return to Front Royal
May 25 Captain Orrin J. Crane of Company A promoted to major
June 9 Battle of Port Republic attached to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Corps, Pope’s Army of Virginia
August 9
Battle of Cedar Mountain

Colonel Creighton was badly injured in his left arm and side. Lieutenant Colonel Asper took command of the regiment.

August 16-September 2 Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia, attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Virginia
August 28-30 Guard trains during battles of Bull Run
September 6-22 Maryland Campaign
September 16-17
Battle of Antietam

The regiment was commanded by Major Orin J. Crane, as Colonel Creighton was recovering from his wound at Cedar Mountain and Lietenant Colonel Asper was recovering from his wound at Winchester. On September 17 Major Crane took command of the brigade from the wounded Lt. Colonel Tyndale and Captain Frederick Seymour of Company G took command of the regiment.

From the combined monument to the 5th, 7th and 66th Ohio Infantry Regiments:

These three regiments became engaged about 7:30 A.M., September 17, 1862, advanced and drove the enemy from the woods near the Dunkard Church and were in action until 1:30 P.M. Their combined loss was 17 men killed, 4 officers and 87 men wounded, 2 men missing, total 110.

From the first of two War Department markers on Tyndale’s Brigade on the Antietam battlefield:

Tyndale’s Brigade, on the right of the Division, reached this point about 8 A. M., relieved a portion of Crawford’s Brigade, and engaged the Confederate Infantry in the East Woods.

After a short and sharp contest, the enemy gave way and the Brigade, obliquing to the left, crossed the Smoketown Road, entered the fields to the right of Mumma’s burning buildings, and took position behind the ridge opposite the Dunkard Church.

From the second of two War Department markers on Tyndale’s Brigade on the Antietam battlefield:

Tyndale’s Brigade, after the right flank of the enemy had been turned, pursued through the East Woods, crossed to the south side of the Smoketown Road and passing to the right of Mumma’s burned out buildings, halted behind the ridge a few yards east of this point, where, with the assistance of Monroe’s and Tompkins’ Rhode Island Batteries, it repulsed several assaults of the enemy.

About 10:30 A. M. the Brigade crossed the road and entered the woods on the right of the Dunkard Church. Joined on the right by the 13th New Jersey Infantry of Williams Division, it remained in this position until noon when it was compelled to retire to the East Woods.

From the official report of Major Crane:

The brigade was composed of the Twenty-eighth Pennsylvania Volunteers, Major Ario Pardee commanding; Fifth Ohio Volunteers, [Major John Collins commanding; Seventh Ohio Volunteers,] Maj. O. J. Crane commanding, and the Sixty-sixth Ohio Volunteers, Lieutenant Col Eugene Powell commanding. The brigade, under command of Lieutenant Colonel H. Tyndale, Twenty-eighth Pennsylvania Volunteers, was formed at 5.30 a. m. in column of division, right in front. It was then marched in column about 1 mile to a point of woods, where the enemy were in force and had engaged our right, holding them in check.

At this point the order came to deploy column into line of battle, which was promptly executed. We then advanced a short distance into the woods, where the enemy were formed under cover of a fence. The action commenced. After exchanging a few shots the engagement became general, which continued for an hour and a half of severe fighting, with great slaughter to the enemy, when the enemy gave way in confusion and disorder before the furious onset of our troops. We pursued them rapidly, capturing many prisoners, and strewing the ground with their dead and wounded. After pressing them closely for a distance of one-half mile, we were obliged to slacken our fire, as our ammunition had given out, when receiving a supply, we changed our line by the right flank, and marched to an elevation, where we awaited the advance of the enemy, who was advancing in column of regiments. We then received orders to fall back under cover of the hill, and awaited the advance of the enemy; when within a short range our troops were quickly thrown forward to the top of the hill, where we poured into their advancing columns volley after volley. So terrific was the fire of our men that the enemy fell like grass before the mower; so deadly was the fire that the enemy retreated in great disorder, they not being able to rally their retreating forces. We charged them in a heavy piece of woods, driving them out of it, capturing a large number of prisoners (among them was a lieutenant-colonel and a lieutenant), and made terrible havoc in their ranks, covering the ground with the slain, many of them officers. We gained the woods, and held our position for two hours. We were then ordered to retire, and be relived by other troops, under the command of General Smith.

It is impossible at this time to speak of individual bravery, but I can say, without flattery, that all, both officers and men of the different regiments of the brigade, nobly stood by their colors, and did their duty well on that eventful day. Lieutenant-Colonel Tyndale, while nobly doing his duty, was severely wounded.

Official Records: Series 1, Vol 19, Part 1 (Antietam – Serial 27), Pages 506 – 507

September Moved to Harper’s Ferry, Va., and duty at Bolivar Heights attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 12th Army Corps, Army Potomac
November 8 Reconnaissance to Rippon, Va.
December 1-6 Reconnaissance to Charleston
December 1 Berryville
December 10-14 March to Stafford Court House
December 29 Dumfries
1863
January 20-24 “Mud March”
February-April At Stafford Court House
March 2 Lieutenant Colonel Asper was discharged due to his wound from Winchester and Major Crane promoted to lieutenant colonel
April 27-May 6 Chancellorsville Campaign
May 1-5
Battle of Chancellorsville
June 11-July 24 Gettysburg Campaign
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Colonel William R. Creighton. It brought 293 men to the field, losing 1 killed and 17 wounded.

From the monument on Culp’s Hill:

Arrived near Little Round Top, evening of July 1. On July 2, held positions on Culp’s Hill from morning until 6 p.m., then moved with the Brigade to support the left. Returned at midnight to Culp’s Hill, and remained there until close of the battle.

July 5-24 Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va.
August 29-
September 8
Duty at New York during draft riots
September 24-October 3 Movement to Bridgeport. Ala. and attached to the Army of the Cumberland
October 26-29 Garrison’s Creek, near Fosterville (Detachment)
November 23-27 Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign
November 23-24 Lookout Mountain
November 25 Mission Ridge
November 27
Ringgold Gap, Taylor’s Ridge

Colonel Creighton and Lieutenant Colonel Crane were killed. Captain McClelland was wounded in the leg.

December 1 Captain Samuel McClelland was promoted to lieutenant colonel
December At Bridgeport, Ala.
1864
April Attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 20th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland
May 1-June 11 Atlanta Campaign
May 8-11 Demonstration on Rocky Faced Ridge
May 8 Dug Gap, or Mill Creek
May 14-15 Battle of Resaca
May 19 Near Cassville
May 25 New Hope Church
May 26-June 5 Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills
June 11 Left front for muster out. Veterans and Recruits transferred to 5th Ohio Infantry.
July 6 Mustered out, expiration of term under the command of Lieutenant Colonel McClelland