United States Regiments & Batteries > Pennsylvania > Infantry


“The Ringgold Regiment”

The 104th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment lost 2 officers and 68 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 115 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War.

The regiment is honored by a monument in Doylestown, Pennsylvania, paid for by profits left from the enlisted men’s commissary fund at the end of the war. The monument was erected in 1867, and was one of the first Civil War monuments.

From the monument:

To the memory of the Officers and Men of the One Hundred and Fourth Pennsylvania Regiment who fell in the late war. “Their good swords rust, and their steeds are dust, but their souls are with the saints we trust.”

1861
September 20 – October 16 Organized at Doylestown under Colonel William V. H. Davis, Lieutenant Colonel John W. Neilds and Major John M. Gries
November 6 Left State for Washington, D.C.
November Duty in the Defenses of Washington attached to Casey’s Division
1862
March 10-15 Advance on Manassas, Va. Attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 4th Army Corps, Army Potomac
March 28 Moved to the Peninsula
April 5-May 4 Siege of Yorktown
May 5 Battle of Williamsburg
May 20-23 Operations about Bottom’s Bridge
May 24-27
Reconnaissance to Seven Pines

The regiment lost 1 enlisted man killed and 4 wounded, 1 (Corporal Thompson of Company D) mortally

May 24 Skirmishes at Seven Pines, Savage Station and Chickahominy
May 31-June 1
Battle of Fair Oaks or Seven Pines

The regiment took an advanced posiiton for much of the battle but was unsupported and forced to withdraw. Lieutenant E. Sayers McDowell was killed, Major Gries mortally wounded, Colonel Davis, Lieutenant Colonel Nields, Captains John Corcoran, James Orem, Jacob Schwartzlander and William Walter, Lieutenants G. W. Ashenfelter and Diller Groff and Quartermaster James Henldrie wounded and 166 enlisted men killed or wounded; Major Gries was mortaly wounded attempting to rescue the colors. Lieutenant Edward Croll and 63 enlisted men were cut off and captured during the retreat.

Captain Edward Rogers took command of the regiment.

June Attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 4th Army Corps
June 13 Major Gries dies in Philadelphia of his wounds from Fair Oaks
June 25-July 1 Seven days before Richmond
June 28-29 Bottom’s Bridge
June 30 White Oak Swamp
July 1 Malvern Hill (in reserve). Captain Edward Rogers of Company A promoted to major
July At Harrison’s Landing. the regiment had 20 officers and 433 enlisted men present for duty.
July 20 Lieutenant Colonel Nields resigned
July 31 Colonel Davis returned to command, although still recovering from his wound
August 8 Adjutant Thompson Hart promoted to lieutenant colonel
August 16-23 Moved to Yorktown, then to o Gloucester Point. Occupied and restored the old Revolutionary works
September 26 Fourty-seven prisoners lost at Fair Oaks were returned to the regiment
November 16
Skirmish at Glouster Point

1 enlisted man was killed, 3 were wounded and 3 captured

December 11-15 Expedition to Matthews County
December 28 Naglee’s Brigade, Dept. of North Carolina, and moved to Morehead City, N. C.
1863
January 1 Arrived Morehead City
January 28-31 To Port Royal Harbor, S.C., and attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 18th Army Corps, Dept. of North Carolina
February 10 Moved to St. Helena Island, S.C. and attached to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 18th Army Corps, Dept. of the South
April 4-12 Expedition against Charleston, S. C.
April Duty at Beaufort, S.C. Attached to District of Beaufort, S.C., 10th Army Corps
July 4 Surgeon Win. Robinson was capture at John’s Island, South Carolina
July 9-16 Expedition to James Island, S.C. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 10th Army Corps, Dept. South
July 16 Battle of Secessionville. James Island
July 16-18 Moved to Folly and Morris Island, S.C. Attached to Davis’ Brigade, Folly Island, S.C., 10th Corps
July 18 Assault on Fort Wagner, Morris Island
July 18-September 7 Siege of Fort Wagner and operations against Fort Sumter and Charleston from Morris and Folly Islands
August Attached to 5th Brigade, Morris Island, S.C., 10th Corps
August 31 1 enlisted man was killed and 6 wounded from a fatigue detail working in the advance trenches with the Engineers
September 21 2 enlisted men were mortally wounded and 5 wounded when a shell burst in their bomb-proof while they were sleeping at Battery Gregg
November Attached to 2nd Brigade, Morris Island, S.C., 10th Corps
December 110 men reenlisted for a second term, and 35 drafted men joined
1864
January 289 recriuits joined the regiment
April Attached to District of Hilton Head, S.C., Dept. South
May 11 Reconnaissance to Dafuskie Island
June Attached to Morris Island, Northern District, Dept. South
July 2-10 Expedition to John’s Island
July 4-9
Operations against Battery Pringle

Colonel Davis lost the fingers of his right hand to a shell

July 9 Boudren’s Causeway, James IslandLieutenant Philip Burke was shot in the head and killed by a sharpshooter while on the picket line
July 10 At Hilton Head, S. C.
July In Florida attached to District of Florida, Dept. South
August Ordered to Washington, D.C., and duty in the Defenses south of the Potomac attached to Defenses of Washington, 22nd Corps, South of the Potomac
September Veterans and recruits formed into a battalion of five companies under Lieutenant Colonel Hart.
Septembe 23 Non-Veterans left Washington for Philadelphia to muster out
September Battalion moved to Harper’s Ferry, W. Va., and duty escorting trains to Sheridan’s army, attached to Train Guard, Army Shenandoah, Middle Military Division
September 30 Non-Veterans, including Major Rogers, mustered out in Philadelphia.
November 19 Lieutenant Colonel Hart discharged with the expiration of his term of service
November 22 Moved to Bermuda Hundred, Va.
November Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond attached to 1st Brigade, Defenses Bermuda Hundred, Va., Dept. Virginia and North Carolina
December 17 Captain Theophilus Kephart of Company B promoted to major
1865
March 18 Major Kephart was promoted to lieutenant colonel
March 27 Captain J. McDonald Laughlin was promoted to major
April 1 Five new companies were added to the battalion, returning it to regimental strength. Colonel Davis was promoted to brigadier geenral, Lieutenant Colonel Kephart was promoted to colonel, J. McDonald Laughlin to lieutenant colonel, and Captain T. B. Scarborough to major
April 2 Fall of Petersburg
April 20-24 Moved to Norfolk, Va.
August 25 Mustered out under Colonel Kephart, Lt. Colonel Laughlin