Confederate Armies & Departments in the Eastern Theater

< to October • November 1861to December >

The Army of the Potomac under General Joseph E. Johnston was concentrated in Northern Virginia around Manassas, with elements stationed as far forward as the Potomac River.
The  Army of the Valley under Major General Thomas J. Jackson was headquartered at Winchester. His three weak brigades of militia were reinforced  by the transfer of his old brigade from Johnston’s army.
The Army of the Peninsula under the command of Major General John Magruder defended the eastern approaches to Richmond.
The Department of Norfolk under the command of Major General Benjamin Huger was responsible for the defence of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.
The Aquia District, commanded by Major General Theophilus H. Holmes, commanded troops along the Potomac near Aquia Landing, including the strategic city of Fredericksburg.