Confederate Regiments & BatteriesAlabama

The 14th Alabama Infantry Regiment was organized in Alabama in July of 1861 and was surrendered at Appomattox Court House in April of 1865. It mustered 1,317 men during the Civil War, losing more than 250 in battle and 350 to disease.

July Organized at Auburn, Alabama, under Colonel Thomas James Judge, Lieutenant Colonel David W. Baine, and Major Mickleberry Ferrell, and sent to Huntsville.
October Sent to Fredericksburg, Virginia, arriving in November
November 20 Major Ferrell resigned due to illness. Owen K. McLemore (West Point Class of 1856) was promoted to major.
January 5 Ordered to Richmond to recover after suffering from disease in camp. General Holmes wrote “The regiment has suffered greatly from measles.” Captain William C. Allen was among those who died.
March Ordered to join Magruder on the Peninsula
April 30 Attached to Pryor’s Brigade, Longstreet’s Division at Yorktown, “about 700 strong”
May 2 Major McLemore was transferred to the 4th Alabama.
May 5
Battle of Williamsburg
May 12 Captain George Wood of Company K was promoted to major.
May 31 – June 1
Battle of Seven Pines
June 26 – July 1
Seven Days Battles

The regiment lost 70 killed and 253 wounded in

June 27
Battle of Mechanicsville

Capt. John Bell killed and Lieutenants J. T. Greenwood and D. V. Hines mortally wounded

June 30
Battle of Frasier’s Farm (Glendale)

Lieutenant Colonel David W. Baine, Capt. James S. Williamson, Lieuts. James E. Mayes, Nat M. Smith and C. H. Snead were killed. Major Wood and Captain M. L. Barber were wounded. Gen. Roger A. Pryor wrote: “The Fourteenth Alabama bore the brunt of the struggle and was nearly annihilated.”

Major Wood was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain James A. Broome of Company I was promoted to major.

July 1
Battle of Malvern Hill
July 8 Lieutenant Colonel Wood was promoted to colonel and Major Broome was promoted to lieutenant colonel.
July 10 Colonel Judge resigned due to a fractured leg he suffered in a railroad accident in Virginia.
July 18 Adjutant Lucius Pinckard was promoted to lieutenant colonel.
August 6 Capt. J. Y. Wallace was killed along the Matapony.
August 29 – 30
Second Battle of Manassas

The regiment suffered 3 men killed and 44 wounded

September 17
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)
October 3 Colonel Alfred C. Wood resigned due to wounds. Captain Robert A. McCord of Company G was promoted to major.
November 10 Attached to Wilcox’s Brigade, Andersons Division
December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg
May 3 – 4
Battle of Salem Church (Bank’s Ford)

The regiment lost 7 killed and 116 wounded. Major R. A. McCord was mortally wounded, Lieutenants H. M. Cox and M. L. Bankston were killed and Lt. Colonel Pinckard was severely wounded. General C. M. Wilcox’s report says: “Lieuts. Bankston and Cox fell fighting with the heroism of veteran soldiers, against greatly superior forces of the enemy.”

May 26 Captain George W. Taylor of Company K was promoted to major.
June Attached to Wilcox’s Brigade, Andersons Division, Third Corps
July 1 – 3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment lost 8 killed and 40 wounded out of 316 men engaged. Lieutenant Colonel Pinckard was wounded and captured and Major George W. Taylor was wounded.

From the brigade monument at Gettysburg:

July 2. Formed line here in forenoon. The 10th and 11th Regiments taking position on the right after a severe skirmish with the Union outpost. Advanced at 6 P. M. and broke the Union line on Emmitsburg Road capturing two guns and pursuing rapidly took many prisoners and six more guns. At Plum Run was met by a heavy fire of artillery and fresh infantry and being unsupported after severe losses fell back without being able to bring off the captured guns.

July 3. Took position west of Emmitsburg Road in support of artillery. Soon after Longstreet’s column started an order was received to advance and support it but smoke hiding the oblique course of Pickett’s Division the Brigade moving straight forward found itself engaged in a separate and useless conflict and was promptly withdrawn.

July 4. In line here all day and at dark began the march to Hagerstown.

October 3 Lieutenant Colonel Pinckard was promoted to colonel, although in enemy hands.
Winter of 1863-64 In camp near Orange Court House
February 14 Reenlisted for the duration of the war.
May 5 – 7
Battle of the Wilderness

Lieutenant Colonel James A. Broome was wounded, losing his leg, and Captain C. H. Lambeth was killed

May 12
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

Major Taylor was wounded.

  Attached to Sander’s brigade, Mahone’s Division
June 4 Matapony River
Siege of Petersburg

Attached to Sanders’ Brigade of Mahone’s Division. Captains C. H. Lambeth and Elias Folk were killed. Commanded by Captain John. A. Terrill in October, and Capt. Simon G. Perry in November

November 10 Major Taylor retired to the Invalid Corps.
late in the year Colonel Pinckard was exchanged but because of is wounds did not return to the regiment.
March 25 Lieutenant Colonel Broome retired to the Invalid Corps.
April 9
Appomattox Court House

Surrendered around 75 men under Captain Perry (Crute states 11 officers and 180 men); attached to Forney’s Brigade, Mahone’s Division, Third Corps. The flag surrendered by the 14th was returned to the State of Alabama in 1905 and is at the Alabama Department of Archives & History.