The 3rd Arkansas Infantry Regiment was formed in June of 1861 in Virginia from volunteers who had made their way there. It was the only Arkansas regiment to serve in the eastern theater. The 3rd Arkansas Infantry served until it was surrendered by Lee at Appomattox. It mustered a total of 1,353 men during the Civil War. The regiment is honored by a monument on the Gettysburg Battlefield.
|June||Organized at Lynchburg, Virginia|
|July 5||Mustered into Confederate service “for three years or during the war” under Colonel Albert Rust. Lieutenant Colonel Seth M. Barton (West Point Class of 1849) was a Virginian and West Point graduate assigned to the regiment. Vannoy Hartog Manning, an Arkansas lawyer, was the major.|
|September 11 – 17||
Cheat Mountain Campaign
|March 4||Colonel Rust was promoted to Brigadier General and transferred to the Western Theater. Lieutenant Colonel Barton was also promoted to Brigadier General.|
|March 11||Major Manning was promoted to Colonel. Captain William H. Tebbs of Company A was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain James H. Capers of Company B was promoted to major.|
|April 23||Major Capers resigned and Captain Robert S. Taylor of Company D was promoted to major.|
|May 31 – June 1||Batle of Seven Pines (Fair Oaks)|
|June – July||
Seven Day’s Battles
|July 18||The 133 survivors of the 2nd Arkansas Infantry Battalion were merged into the regiment|
|Greenbriar campaign – 15 casualties|
The regiment suffered 182 casualties during the campaign.
Colonel Manning was wounded commanded the brigade while Captain John Reedy led the regiment, which fought in the Sunken Road. Companies A and L were almost wiped out.
From the first of two markers for Manning’s Brigade on the Antietam battlefield:
Manning’s Brigade reached Sharpsburg on the afternoon of September 16 and was held in reserve until daybreak of the 17th, when it took position opposite Snavely’s Ford on the Antietam, one and a half miles from town. Between 8 and 9 A.M., it moved to the left and supported McLaws in his attack on the enemy in the West Woods. Arriving on the rise of ground 300 yards west of this point, the 3d Arkansas and 27th North Carolina formed to hold the open space between the West Woods and the left of D.H. Hill’s Division east of this road. The remainder of the Brigade advanced on the right of Ransom’s Brigade to and beyond the road at the Dunkard Church, where it was repulsed. The 3d Arkansas and 27th North Carolina co-operated in expelling Greene’s Division from the woods about the church, after which they crossed the road and advanced through the fields to the east, but were repulsed and resumed their original position and were not again engaged.
From the second of two markers for Manning’s Brigade on the Antietam battlefield:
(September 17, 1862.)
About 10:20 A.M., the 30th Virginia, 46th and 48th North Carolina charged from the woods beyond the Dunkard Church to capture Tompkins’ Rhode Island Battery on the high ground east of the church. The 30th Virginia crossed the road at this point, filed to the right across the two fences of the Smoketown Road and over the rock ledge occupied by the Maryland monument to the depression at the base of the ridge, where it was checked by the right of Greene’s Division and Artillery. At the same time the 46th North Carolina passed either side of the church, crossed the road and mingled with the 30th Virginia. After a very short struggle both Regiments were repulsed with great loss and retreated through the West Woods. The 46th North Carolina upon reaching the road north of this point was checked by Artillery fire from the front and fell back upon the advance of Greene’s Division into the woods around the church. The loss in the three Regiments was 77 killed, 387 wounded, and 41 missing. The 30th Virginia lost over 68 percent of its men.
|September 25||Company L’s handful of survivors were transferred to Company A.|
|November 26||The regiment was transferred to the Texas Brigade in Hood’s Division, Lonstreet’s Command for the rest of the war, where it was sometimes referred to as the “3rd Texas.”|
|December 12-15||Battle of Fredericksburg|
|January 19||Lieutenant Colonel Tebbs resigned due to urgent personal reasons. Major Taylor was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain John W. Reedy of Company G was promoted to major.|
The regiment lost 3 men killed and 29 wounded
|April 11 – May 6||Suffolk Campaign|
The regiment brought 479 men to Gettysburg under Colonel Van H. Manning. It lost 43 men killed, 101 wounded, and 40 missing or captured. Colonel Manning was wounded, and Lt. Colonel Robert S. Taylor took command. Captain Samuel Smith was wounded in both legs.
From the State of Texas monument at Gettysburg:
From near this spot the Texas Brigade at about 4:30 p.m. on July 2 crossed Emmitsburg Road and advanced with Hood’s Division across Plum Run toward Little Round Top. The Texas Brigade after severe fighting on the slopes of Little Round Top retired to a position on the south side of Devil’s Den. The Brigade held this position the night of July 2 and during the day on July 3 then fell back to a position near this memorial on the evening of July 3. On the field at Gettysburg the Texas Brigade suffered 597 casualties.
|September||Transferred with Hood’s Division to the Army of the Tennessee.|
|September 18- 21||
Battle of Chickamauga
Major Reedy was killed. Captain William K. Wilkins of Company K was promoted to major and took command of the regiment.
|November 17 – December 4||Siege of Knoxville|
|April||Returned from Tennessee to Virginia and rejoined the Army of Northern Virginia.|
The regiment took part in the “Lee to the Rear” incident before charging with the Texas Brigade to plug a gap in the Confederate line. Colonel Manning was badly wounded in the right thigh and captured, Lieutenant Colonel Robert Taylor was also wounded, but recovered to take over command of the regiment. Major William K. Wilkins was killed.
Captain Samuel W. Smith of Company I was promoted to major.
|June 1-12||Battles around Cold Harbor|
|June 1864 –
|June 27 – 29||Deep Bottom, New Market Road and Darbytown Road|
|August 13 – 20||Fair Oaks and Darbytown Road|
|December 3||Major Smith retired due to his wounds.|
The regiment surrendered 15 officers and 130 men under Lieutenant Colonel Taylor.