Confederate Regiments & BatteriesNorth Carolina

“Twelfth Infantry Regiment Volunteers”

July 11

The 22nd North Carolina Infantry Regiment was organized at Raleigh. The field officers wer Colonel J. Johnston Pettigrew, Lieutenant Colonel John O. Long (West Point Class of 1854), and Major Thomas Galloway (VMI). The regiment was originally organized with 12 companies, but before the regiment was mustered in Companies C and D were transferred to two other regiments that were forming. It kept its original company designations, though, having no C or D but having an L and M.

Company A – Caldwell County – “Caldwell Rough & Ready Boys” – Captain W.F. Jones
Company B – McDowell County – “McDowell Rifles” – Captain James M. Neal
Company C – Surry County (not mustered & transferred to 28th North Carolina as Company A)
Company D – Ashe County (not mustered & transferred to 26th North Carolina as Company A)
Company E – Guilford County – “Guilford Men” – Captain Columbus Cole
Company F – Alleghany County – “Allegheny True Blues” – Captain Jesse F. Reeves
Company G – Caswell County – “Caswell Rifles” – Captain Edward M. Scott
Company H – Stokes County – “Stokes Boys” – Captain Hamiliton Scales
Company I – Randolph County – “Randolph Rifles” – Captain Shubal G. Worth
Company K – McDowell County – “McDowell Boys” – Captain Alney Burgin
Company L – Randolph County – “Uwharrie Grays” – Captain Robert H. Gray
Company M – Randolph County – “Randolph Hornets” – Captain John M. Odell

August-September Moved to Virginia and assigned to District of the Aquia, Department of Fredericksburg.
September-October Assigned to Walker’s Brigade, District of the Aquia, Department of Fredericksburg.
October-April Assigned to Walker’s-French’s-Pettigrew’s Brigade, District of the Aquia, Department of Northern Virginia.
December 9

Company I was detailed to man No. 2 Battery. Several men from the company were wounded when a 42-pounder burst.

April 10 Colonel Pettigrew was promoted to brigadier general. Lieutenant Colonel Charles E. Lightfoot of the 6th North Carolina State Troops was transferred in and promoted to lieutenant colonel.
April-June Assigned to Pettigrew’s Brigade, Whiting’s Division, Department of Northern Virginia. The regiment mustered 752 men.
Siege of Yorktown
May 31-June 1
Battle of Seven Pines

The regiment lost 147 casualties. Colonel Lightfoot was captured. Captain Thomas F. Jones and Lieutenant S. H. Adams of Company A were killed

June 13 The regiment was reorganized for the duration of the war. James Conner of South Carolina was elected colonel, Captain Robert H. Gray of Company L was elected lieutenant colonel, and Captain Columbus C. Cole of Company E was elected major.
June-July Assigned to Pettigrew’s Brigade, A.P. Hill’s Division, Longstreet’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia.
June 25-July 1
Seven Days Battles

The regiment suffered 28 men killed, 92 wounded, and 29 captured.

June 26
Beaver Dam Creek (Gaines’ Mill)

The regiment lost 7 men killed and 50 wounded. Colonel Connor was badly wounded by a rifle ball that shattered his leg, disabling him for two months. Lieutenant Colonel Grey took command of the regiment.

June 27
Gaines’  Mill
June 30
Frayser’s Farm

The regiment lost 17 men killed. Captain Ephraim Bouldin, of Company H was killed, as were Captain Harper and Lieutenant P. E. Charles, of Company E, who was bearing the colors. The nine men of the color guard were also killed.

July-May Assigned to Pettigrew’s Brigade, A.P. Hill’s Division, Jackson’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia.
August 9
Battle of Cedar Mountain

The regiment lost 1 man wounded. It was commanded by Major C.C. Cole while Lieutenant Colonel Gray was very sick.

August 28
Battle of Groveton (Brawner’s Farm)

The regiment lost 6 men killed and 57 wounded, and 3 captured .

August 29-30
Second Battle of Manassas (Bull Run)

The regiment lost 1 man 57 wounded.

Septmber 1
Battle of Ox Hill (Chantilly)
September 12-15
Harpers Ferry
September 17
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)

The regiment was commanded by Major Christopher C. Cole. It lost 6 men wounded and 4 captured.

From the now-missing marker to Pender’s Brigade on the Antietam battlefield along Harpers Ferry Road:

Pender’s Brigade left Harpers Ferry at 7:30 A.M. of September 17, crossed the Potomac by Blackford’s Ford and reached this road about 3 P.M. It was placed in position near this point to guard the approaches to the battlefield from the lower Antietam. It was exposed to the long range Infantry and Artillery fire of the enemy but was not otherwise actively engaged.

Late in the day it was moved to the left, and on the morning of the 18th, took position on the left of Branch’s Brigade, where it remained until it was withdrawn to recross the Potomac.

September 20
Shepherdstown Ford

The regiment lost 6 men wounded and 1 captured. Lieutenant Colonel Gray rejoined the regiment shortly after the battle.

December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg

The regiment lost 2 men killed, 46 wounded, and 6 missing or captured.

March 16 Lieutenant Colonel Gray, always in frail health, died of disease. Major Cole was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain Odell was promoted to major. Colonel Connor rejoined the regiment but was still unsuited for duty in the field due to his leg wound from Gains’ Mill.
May 1-4
Battle of Chancellorsville

The regiment lost 31 men killed, 125 wounded and 16 captured. Lieutenant Colonel Cole and Major Odell were killed.

May Assigned to Scales’ Brigade, Pender’s-Wilcox’s Division, 3rd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia.
July 1-4
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was under the command of Colonel James Conner. It brought 321 men to the field and lost 23 men killed, 90 wounded and 86 captured. 

From the monument to Scales’ Brigade at Gettysburg:

July 1. Crossed Willoughby Run about 3.30 P. M. relieving Heth’s line and advancing with left flank on Chambersburg Pike took part in the struggle until it ended. When the Union forces made their final stand on Seminary Ridge the Brigade charged and aided in dislodging them but suffered heavy losses. Gen. A. M. Scales was wounded and all the field officers but one were killed or wounded.

July 2. In position near here with skirmishers out in front and on flank.

July 3. In Longstreet’s assault the Brigade supported the right wing of Pettigrew’s Division. With few officers to lead them the men advanced in good order through a storm of shot and shell and when the front line neared the Union works they pushed forward to aid it in the final struggle and were among the last to retire.

July 4. After night withdrew and began the march to Hagerstown.

July 10
Falling Waters

The regiment lost 1 man wounded and 51 captured.

August 13 Colonel Conner resigned his command to become part of the military court of the Second Corps. He would return to the field as a brigadier general in June of 1864.
September 21

Thomas S. Galloway the regiment’s original major, was elected colonel. William L. Mitchell was elected lieutenant colonel.

Bristoe Campaign
Mine Run Campaign
May 5-6
Battle of the Wilderness

The regiment lost 1 man killed, 21 men wounded and 2 men captured.

May 8-21
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

The regiment lost 12 men wounded and 1 captured.

May 22-26
North Anna
June 1-3
Battle of Cold Harbor

The regiment lost 3 men captured.

Siege of Petersburg
June 22
Jerusalem Plank Road

The regiment lost 5 men wounded and 3 captured.

August 25
Reams’ Station

The regiment lost 7 men killed, 21 wounded and 1 missing. Private Ellison of Company L captured a Federal flag.

September 29-30
Fort Harrison
September 30
Jones’ Farm
February 5-7
Hatcher’s Run

The regiment lost 5 men catured.

April 1
Five Forks

The regiment lost two men captured.

April 2
Sutherland Station

The regiment lost 8 men captured.

April 9
Appomattox Court House

The 22nd North Carolina Infantry Regiment surrendered 13 officers and 97 men under the command of Colonel Thomas S. Galloway, Jr. and Lieutenant Colonel W.L. Mitchell. Officers included Captains George H. Gardin, Company B ; Robert W. Cole, Company E; Gaston V. Lamb, Company I ; E. J. Dobson, Company K; Yancey M. C. Johnson, Company I; and Columbus E. Siler, Company M. Company E had only eight privates and Company H five.