Confederate Regiments & BatteriesNorth Carolina


 

1861
November 1 The 2nd North Carolina Infantry Battalion was organized at Richmond from four companies raised for the Wise Legion which became Companies A (Stokes County), C (Virginians), D & E (Georgians), and a fifth independent company that would become Company H (Madison County).  It was assigned to the Department of Henrico under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Wharton J. Green.
December Assigned to District of Cape Fear, Department of North Carolina.
1862
January 7 Company F (Randolph County) was added. 
January 18 Company G (Forsyth County) was added.
January 31 Company B (Surry County) was added.
February Assigned to District of the Albemarle, Department of Norfolk.
February 8
Roanoke Island

The battalion was captured after a skimish in which 3 men were killed and five wounded, two mortally.

February 21 Paroled at Elizabeth City, Pasquotank County.
August 18 The battalion was exchanged.
September 25 The battalion was reorganized and assigned to Daniels’s Brigade, Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.
October 1 Captain Hezekiah L. Andrews of Company F was promoted to major.
November 15 Company C was transferred to the 59th North Carolina Infantry Regiment as Company G.
1863
April Assigned to Daniels’s Brigade, Department of North Carolina.
May Moved to Virginia and assigned to Daniels’s-Grimes’s Brigade, Rodes’s Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
June Assigned to Grimes’s Brigade, Rodes’s-Grimes’s Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
June 6 Lieutenant Colonel Green was promoted to colonel and joined the staff of General Daniels. Major Andrews was promoted to lieutenant colonel and took command of the battalion.
June 14
Martinsburg
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The battalion brought 240 men to the field under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Andrews, and lost 154 casualties. Lieutenant Colonel Andrews was killed during the attack on the 143rd and 149th Pennsylvania regiments of Stone’s Bucktail Brigade along the Chambersburg Pike on July 1. 

From the War Department monuments at Gettysburg on Oak Hill and East Confederate Avenue:

July 1. The Brigade formed the right of Division and its line extended from Forney Field to the railroad near the McPherson Barn. The regiments did not at first move together nor attack the same troops. The 43rd and 53rd Regiments aided by O’Neal’s 3rd Alabama and Iverson’s 12th North Carolina attacked the Union line in the Sheads and Forney Field. The 45th Regiment and 2nd Battalion fought the 2nd Brigade 3rd Division First Corps near the railroad cuts and being joined by the 32nd Regiment and other troops compelled retreat. The regiments fought under a heavy artillery fire. The Brigade was reunited and lost heavily in the struggle which dislodged the Union forces from Seminary Ridge.

July 2. On Seminary Ridge all day. After night moved into town.

July 3. Marched before daylight to Culp’s Hill to aid Johnson’s Division.

July 4. Occupied Seminary Ridge. At night began the march to Hagerstown.

October 13-14
Warrenton
November 7
Kelly’s Ford and Rappahannock Bridge
November-December
Mine Run Campaign
1864
April 11 Companies D & E were transferred to the 60th Georgia Infantry Regiment.
May 5-6
Battle of the Wilderness
May 8-21
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
May 30
Bethesda Church
June 1-3
Battle of Cold Harbor
June Assigned to Cox’s Brigade, Rodes’s-Grimes’s Division, Army of the Valley
June
Lynchburg Campaign

Assigned to Cox’s Brigade, Rodes’s-Grimes’s Division, Army of the Valley

June 18 Arrived at Lynchburg
June 19 Began the pursuit of Hunter’s Federal forces, skirmish at Liberty.
June 20 Skirmish at Buford Gap
June 21 Skirmish at Salem
June 22-27 After resting for a day resumed the pursuit to Staunton.
July 4 Arrived at Harpers Ferry, capturing Bolivar Heights in the morning. By evening Federal forces were driven across the Potomac to Maryland Heights.
July 6 Crossed the Potomac at Pack Horse Ford at Shepherdstown, engaged the Federal garrison at Bolivar Heights and moved through Crampton’s Gap to Frederick.
July 9
Battle of Monocacy
July 10 Resumed the march to Washington
July 11 After a very hot, duty and fatiguing march arrived in the evening in front of Fort Stevens of the Washington Defenses, within sight of the Capitol dome.
July 12 Reinforcements of the Federal 6th Corps arrived from the Petersburg front and the day was spent in heavy skirmishing in which President Lincoln came under fire. The Confederates began their retreat after sundown.
July 15 Crossed the Potomac near Leesburg during the night, pursued by Federal cavalry.
July 17 Crossed the Blue Ridge at Snickers Gap.
July 18 Attacked and forced the Federal position at Snickers Ford
July 19-20 Moved toward Stratsburg and to the support of Ramseur’s Division.
July 21 Retired to Fisher’s Hill
August 17 Skirmish at Winchester
August 21 Skirmish at Charlestown
August 29 Skirmish at Smithfield
September 3 Skirmish at Bunker Hill
September 19
Third Battle of Winchester
September 22
Battle of Fisher’s Hill
September 23-24 Withdrew up the Valley to Waynesboro.
October 1-13 Advanced down the valley to Fisher’s Hill.
October 19
Battle of Cedar Creek
December 25
Siege of Petersburg

Returned to Lee’s army around Petersburg and assigned to Cox’s Brigade, Grimes’s Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia. Went into winter quarters at Swift Creek.

1865
Mid-February Moved to Sutherland’s Depot
March 24 Ordered into the trenches in front of Petersburg.
March 25
Fort Stedman

Took part in occupying captured Federal works near Hare’s Hill for five hours, before withdrawing with the failure of the attack.

April 1-2 Heavy fighting arount Fort Mahone until the army began its retreat to the west.
April 4 Arrived at Amelia Court House after marching day and night with brief rests.
April 1-2 Heavy fighting arount Fort Mahone.
April 6
Saylor’s Creek
April 7
Farmville
April 9
Appomattox Court House

Grimes’s Division was ordered from the rearguard to the front to open the road from encircling Federals. They drove the cavalry a mile before being ordered back to defend against cavalry coming from another direction. It s claimed that the volley fired here was the last by the Army of Northern Virginia. Fighting halted as word spread of a truce to discuss surrender terms.

The battalion surrendered with 3 officers and 49 men.

The field officers were Lieutenant Colonels Hezekiah L. Andrews, Wharton J. Green, and Charles E. Shober; and Majors Marcus Erwin, John M. Hancock, and James J. Iredell.