During the Civil War the 49th North Carolina Infantry Regiment lost 76 men killed or died of wounds, 134 men wounded, 24 captured and 160 died of disease or accidents.
|April 12||The 49th North Carolina Infantry Regiment was organized at Garrysburg under the command of Colonel Stephen D. Ramseur (West Point Class of 1860), Lieutenant Colonel William A. Eliason, and Major LeRoy M. McAfee.
Company A – McDowell and Rutherford counties
*Company B exchanged for Company D “Beatties Ford Rifles” of the 15th North Carolina Infantry
|June||Moved to Virginia and assigned to Ransom’s Brigade, Walker’s-Ransom’s Division, Longstreet’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia.|
|June 19||Lieutenant Colonel Eliason resigned. Major MacAfee was promoted to lieutenant colonel.|
|June 25-July 1||
Seven Days Battles
King’s School House
The regiment lost 14 men killed, 75 wounded, and 16 missing. Colonel Ramseur was wounded in the arm. He would be promoted to brigadier general after he recovered from his wound, and would not return to the regiment.
The regiment was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel John L. Harris. It lost 16 men killed and 61 wounded.
From the War Department marker for Ransom’s Brigade on the Antietam battlefield:
Ransom’s Brigade reached Sharpsburg during the afternoon of September 16th, and was held in reserve until daybreak of the 17th, when it took position on the extreme right observing Snavely’s Ford. Between 8 and 9 A.M., it moved to the left and supported McLaws in his attack on Sedgwick’s Division. Arriving abreast the southwest edge of the West Woods, it advanced northwardly until opposite this point, when it wheeled to the right and encountered the enemy at the Poffenberger buildings and on the high ground to the east.
Attacked on the flank and in the front the Federal line was compelled to retire. The Brigade followed in pursuit until, near the Hagerstown Pike, it was checked by the destructive fire of the Federal Artillery, and sought shelter in the undulations of the ground.
|November 1||Major McAfee was promoted to colonel.|
The regiment lost 9 men wounded.
|January-February||Moved to North Carolina and assigned to Ransom’s Brigade, District of Cape Fear, Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.|
|February||Assigned to Ransom’s Brigade, French’s Command, Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.|
|March-April||Assigned to Ransom’s Brigade, District of Cape Fear, Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.|
|April-July||Assigned to Ransom’s Brigade, Department of North Carolina.|
|July-September||Moved to Virginia and assigned to Ransom’s Brigade, Ransom’s Division, Department of Richmond.|
|September-May||Returned to North Carolina and assigned to Ransom’s Brigade, Department of North Carolina.|
|May||Assigned to Ransom’s Brigade, Colquitt’s Division, Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.|
|May-October||Assigned to Ransom’s Brigade, Johnson’s Division, Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.|
|May 17-June 14||
The regiment was posted near the crated and quickly took up aposition on its left, playing a major role in repelling the Federal assault but losing its flag in the fighting. Lieutenant Colonel John A. Flemming was killed. Major James T. David of Company E was promoted to lieutenant colonel after the battle.
|October||Assigned to Ransom’s Brigade, Johnson’s Division, 4th Corps, Army of Northern Virginia.|
The regiment took part in the attack and successfully mad it into the fort before being force to withdraw when the attack failed to move beyond its initial breakthrough.
Dinwiddie Court House
The regiment was surrunded and lost many men captured.
The regiment surrendered 11 officers and 95 enlisted men.