Confederate Regiments & Batteries * North Carolina


During the Civil War the 49th North Carolina Infantry Regiment lost 76 men killed or died of wounds, 134 men wounded, 24 captured and 160 died of disease or accidents.

1862
April 12 The 49th North Carolina Infantry Regiment was organized at Garrysburg under the command of Colonel Stephen D. Ramseur (West Point Class of 1860), Lieutenant Colonel William A. Eliason, and Major LeRoy M. McAfee.

Company A – McDowell and Rutherford counties
Company B* – Cleveland and Davidson counties – “Chatham Cossacks”
Company C – Rowan County – Captain P.B. Chambers
Company D – Moore County – Captain William M. Black
Company E – Iredell County – Captain James T. David
Company F – Mecklenburg County – “Mecklenburg Guards”
Company G – Cleveland County – “Kings Mountain Tigers”
Company H – Gaston County – “Gaston Rangers”
Company I – Catawba County – “Catawba Marksmen”
Company K – Lincoln and Gaston counties – “Pleasant Home Guards”

*Company B exchanged for Company D “Beatties Ford Rifles” of the 15th North Carolina Infantry

June Moved to Virginia and assigned to Ransom’s Brigade, Walker’s-Ransom’s Division, Longstreet’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia.
June 19 Lieutenant Colonel Eliason resigned. Major MacAfee was promoted to lieutenant colonel.
June 25-July 1
Seven Days Battles
June 25
King’s School House
July 1
Malvern Hill

The regiment lost 14 men killed, 75 wounded, and 16 missing. Colonel Ramseur was wounded in the arm. He would be promoted to brigadier general after he recovered from his wound, and would not return to the regiment.

September 12-15
Harpers Ferry
September 17
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)

The regiment was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel John L. Harris. It lost 16 men killed and 61 wounded.

From the War Department marker for Ransom’s Brigade on the Antietam battlefield:

Ransom’s Brigade reached Sharpsburg during the afternoon of September 16th, and was held in reserve until daybreak of the 17th, when it took position on the extreme right observing Snavely’s Ford. Between 8 and 9 A.M., it moved to the left and supported McLaws in his attack on Sedgwick’s Division. Arriving abreast the southwest edge of the West Woods, it advanced northwardly until opposite this point, when it wheeled to the right and encountered the enemy at the Poffenberger buildings and on the high ground to the east.

Attacked on the flank and in the front the Federal line was compelled to retire. The Brigade followed in pursuit until, near the Hagerstown Pike, it was checked by the destructive fire of the Federal Artillery, and sought shelter in the undulations of the ground.

November 1 Major McAfee was promoted to colonel.
December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg

The regiment lost 9 men wounded.

1863
January-February Moved to North Carolina and assigned to Ransom’s Brigade, District of Cape Fear, Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.
February Assigned to Ransom’s Brigade, French’s Command, Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.
March-April Assigned to Ransom’s Brigade, District of Cape Fear, Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.
April-July Assigned to Ransom’s Brigade, Department of North Carolina.
April 20
Sandy Ridge
July 4
Bottom’s Bridge
July-September Moved to Virginia and assigned to Ransom’s Brigade, Ransom’s Division, Department of Richmond.
September-May Returned to North Carolina and assigned to Ransom’s Brigade, Department of North Carolina.
1864
March
New Bern
April 17-20
Plymouth
May Assigned to Ransom’s Brigade, Colquitt’s Division, Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.
May-October Assigned to Ransom’s Brigade, Johnson’s Division, Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.
May 16
Drewry’s Bluff
May 17-June 14
Bermuda Hundred
June
Siege of Petersburg
July 30
The Crater

The regiment was posted near the crated and quickly took up aposition on its left, playing a major role in repelling the Federal assault but losing its flag in the fighting. Lieutenant Colonel John A. Flemming was killed. Major James T. David of Company E was promoted to lieutenant colonel after the battle.

August 18-21
Globe Tavern
October Assigned to Ransom’s Brigade, Johnson’s Division, 4th Corps, Army of Northern Virginia.
1865
March 25
Fort Stedman

The regiment took part in the attack and successfully mad it into the fort before being force to withdraw when the attack failed to move beyond its initial breakthrough.

March 31
Dinwiddie Court House
April 1
Battle of Five Forks

The regiment was surrunded and lost many men captured.

April 6
Sayler’s Creek
April 9
Appomattox Court House

The regiment surrendered 11 officers and 95 enlisted men.