Confederate Regiments & BatteriesNorth Carolina


4th North Carolina State Troops

1861
May 16

Organized at Garysburg at Camp Hill.

Company A – Iredell County.
Company B – Rowan County – Captain James H. Wood
Company C – Iredell County
Company D – Wayne County
Company E – Beaufort County
Company F – Wilson County
Company G – Davie County
Company H – Iredell County
Company I – Beaufort County
Company K – Rowan County. 

June 28 Mustered into Confederate Service.
July 16 Governor John W. Ellis appointed Colonel George B. Anderson as commander of the 4th North Carolina. John A. Young was ieutenant colonel and Bryan Grimes was major.

 

Lieutenant Colonel Young was detached from the regiment from the beginning. He was a clothing manufacturer and almost went bankrupt making uniforms for the army. Young supplied every member of the regiment with a uniform and cap at his own expense. He was eventually forced to leave the army due to an incurable skin disease.

August Moved to Virginia and assigned to the Manassas Garrison.
October Assigned to Manassas Garrison, Potomac District, Department of Northern Virginia.
1862
March Assigned to G.B. Anderson’s-Winder’s-Featherston’s Brigade, D.H. Hill’s Division, Army of Northern Virginia. 
May

Major Grimes was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain Absolom Simonton of Company A was promoted to major.

April-July
Peninsula Campaign
April 5-May 4
Siege of Yorktown
May 5
Battle of Williamsburg
May 31-June 1
Battle of Seven Pines

The regiment was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Bryan Grimes, who led the regiment in a charge that earned the regiment its nickname: the Bloody Fourth. It brought 25 officers and 520 enlisted men to the field, and lost 24 officers and 462 enlisted men killed and wounded. Major Simonton was killed. Lieutenant Colonel Grimes was the only unwounded officer in the regiment. After the color guard were killed John Stikeleather became the color bearer and remained so until the end of the war. 

June-September Assigned to G.B. Anderson’s Brigade, D.H. Hill’s Division, Army of Northern Virginia.
June 9 Colonel Anderson was promored to brigadier general.
June 25-July 1
Seven Days Battles
June 26
Beaver Dam Creek (Ellison’s Mills)
June 27
Battle of Gaines’s Mill
July 1
Battle of Malvern Hill
September Assigned to G.B. Anderson’s Brigade, D.H. Hill’s Division, Army of Northern Virginia.
September 5 Crossed the Potomac River at White’s Point. Colonel Grimes was badly injured when he was kicked by a horse, and had to accompany the regiment’s march in an ambulance.
September 14
Battle of South Mountain

The regiment fought at Fox’s Gap. Colonel Grimes left his ambulance had himself placed on his horse for the battle. The regiment lost 12 casualties.

September 15

Colonel Grimes’s leg worsened and there was discussion of amputation. He was taken to Sherpherdstown and then Winchester, where he remain until November.

September 17
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)

The regiment was commanded at the start of the battle by Captain Edward Osborne. It lost six men killed and 40 wounded, with every officer killed or wounded. After Captain Osborne was wounded (and later captured) in the brutal fighting in the Sunken Lane, Captain William T. Marsh commanded the regiment until he was killed. Captain Daniel P. Latham then took command until he was mortally wounded.

December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg

Colonel Grimes temporarily commanded the brigade.

Late December

Captain Osborne was exchanged and returned to the regiment. He was promoted to major.

1863
May 1-4
Battle of Chancellorsville

The regiment lost 45 men killed and 110 wounded. Captain Samuel Kelly of Company K was wounded.

July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment brought 196 men to the field, and lost 61 casualties. On the first day at Oak Hill they ctook more prisoners than they had men on the field. They claimed the honor of the first Confederate unit to enter Gettysburg.

October-November
Bristoe Campaign

The regiment lost 18 casualties.

November-December
Mine Run Campaign
1864
May 5-6
Battle of the Wilderness

Major Osborne commanded the division’s sharpshooter battalion.

May 8-21
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

Colonel Grimes temporarily commanded the brigade after General Ramseur was wounded. He led the regiment in a countercharge and hand to hand fighting to reclaim captured ground in the Mule Shoe. It lost 46 men killed and 72 wounded. Major Edwin Osborne was wounded, and was afterwards promoted to Lieutenant Colonel. Captain Samuel Kelly of Company K was wounded.

May 22-26
Battle of North Anna
June 1-3
Battle of Cold Harbor
June
Lynchburg Campaign

Assigned to Cox’s Brigade, Rodes’s-Grimes’s Division, Army of the Valley

June 18 Arrived at Lynchburg. Lieutenant Colonel Osborne was promoted to colonel.
June 19 Began the pursuit of Hunter’s Federal forces, skirmish at Liberty.
June 20 Skirmish at Buford Gap
June 21 Skirmish at Salem
June 22-27 After resting for a day resumed the pursuit to Staunton.
July 4 Arrived at Harpers Ferry, capturing Bolivar Heights in the morning. By evening Federal forces were driven across the Potomac to Maryland Heights.
July 6 Crossed the Potomac at Pack Horse Ford at Shepherdstown, engaged the Federal garrison at Bolivar Heights and moved through Crampton’s Gap to Frederick.
July 9
Battle of Monocacy
July 10 Resumed the march to Washington
July 11 After a very hot, duty and fatiguing march arrived in the evening in front of Fort Stevens of the Washington Defenses, within sight of the Capitol dome.
July 12 Reinforcements of the Federal 6th Corps arrived from the Petersburg front and the day was spent in heavy skirmishing in which President Lincoln came under fire. The Confederates began their retreat after sundown.
July 15 Crossed the Potomac near Leesburg during the night, pursued by Federal cavalry.
July 17 Crossed the Blue Ridge at Snickers Gap.
July 18
Snickers Ford

Attacked and forced the Federal position at the ford. Colonel Wood was killed, and Lieutenant Colonel  Osborne was promoted to colonel. Major Stancill was mortally wounded.

July 19-20 Moved toward Stratsburg and to the support of Ramseur’s Division.
July 21 Retired to Fisher’s Hill
August 17 Skirmish at Winchester
August 21 Skirmish at Charlestown
August 29 Skirmish at Smithfield
September 3 Skirmish at Bunker Hill
September 19
Third Battle of Winchester

Captains Henry May Warren of Company F and Samuel Kelly of Company K were wounded and captured.

September 22
Battle of Fisher’s Hill
September 23-24 Withdrew up the Valley to Waynesboro.
October 1-13 Advanced down the valley to Fisher’s Hill.
October 19
Battle of Cedar Creek

Color bearer Ensign John Stikeleather was wounded.

December
Siege of Petersburg

The regiment rejoined Lee’s army around Richmond and was assigned to Cox’s Brigade, Grimes’s Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia

1865
March 25
Fort Stedman
April 1

Colonel Osborne was transferred to the Veteran Reserve Corps due to his woods.

April 2
Fort Mahone
April 6
Battle of Sayler’s Creek
April 7
Farmville and High Bridge
April 9
Appomattox Court House

The brigade fired the last volley of the Army of Northern Virginia in the fight before the surrender. Eight officers and 101 men surrendered with Lee’s army.

Other events:

Mechanicsville, Beaver Dam Creek (Ellison’s Mills) June 26, 1862; Gaines Mill, Cold Harbor, Chickahominy June 27, 1862; Glendale (Nelson’s Farm), Frazier’s Farm, Charles City Cross Roads, New Market Cross Roads, Willis Church, Va. June 30, 1862; Engagement, Malvern Hill, Va August 5, 1862; Maryland Campaign: Skirmish, Mouth of the Monocacy, Md. September 6, 1862; South Mountain (Fox’s Gap) September 14, 1864;; Retreat from Sharpsburg, September 19–20, 1862; Operations in Loudoun, Fauquier and Rappahannock Counties, Va October 26- November 10, 1862;; Chancellorsville Campaign April 27- May 6, 1863; Pennsylvania Campaign: Brandy Station, and Beverly Ford, Va June 9, 1863; Winchester Action, June 13, 1863; Berryville, VA; Skirmish at Martinsburg, VA (now WV) June 14, 1863; Battle of Winchester, Va June 15, 1863; Skirmish with Perry’s Militia a few miles north of Carlisle, Pa June 29 (?), 1863; Gettysburg, Pa July 1–3, 1863; Skirmishes, Hagerstown, Md July 10–13, 1863; Bristoe Campaign October 9–22, 1863: Skirmish at Warrenton October 13, 1863; Operations Against the Advance of the Line of the Rappahannock November 7–8, 1863; Skirmish at Kelly’s Ford, Va November 7, 1863; Mine Run November 27, 1863; Skirmish with sharpshooters, November 30, 1863; Morton’s Ford December 3, 1863; Demonstrations of the Rapidan River February 6–7, 1864: Barnett’s Ford, Va February 6–7, 1864; Spotsylvania Court House, Laurel Hill, Ny River, Fredericksburg Road May 8–21, 1864; Assault on the Salient, Spotsylvania Court House May 12, 1864; North Anna River, Va May 22–26, 1864; Jericho Bridge, Va May 25, 1864; Pamunkey River, Va May 26, 1864; Totopotomoy River, Va May 28–31, 1864; Bethesda Church, Va May 31- June 1, 1864; Ream’s Station, Va June 22, 1864; 1864 Shenandoah Valley Campaign: Skirmish at Fort Stevens, DC July 11–12, 1864; Kernstown, Va July 24, 1864; Winchester, Va August 17, 1864; Skirmish near Charlestown, WV August 21–22, 1864; Berryville, Va September 4, 1864; Abraham’s Creek, Va September 13, 1864; Skirmish near Berryville, Va September 14, 1864; Sevier’s Ford, Opequan Creek, Va September 15, 1864; Port Republic, Va September 26–28, 1864; Rude’s Hill, near Mount Jackson, Va November 23, 1864; Petersburg Campaign: Dabney’s Mills, Rowanty Creek, Va February 5–7, 1865; The Retreat: Rennes Salient, April 5, 1865;