|May 6||The 53rd North Carolina Infantry Regiment was organized near Raleigh at Camp Mangum under the command of Colonel William A. Owens, Lieutenant Colonel James T. Morehead and Major James J. Iredell.
Company A – Guilford County – Captain A. P. McDaniel
|July-September||Assigned to Daniel’s Brigade, Department of North Carolina.|
|September-December||Assigned to Daniel’s Brigade, Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.|
|December||Assigned to Daniel’s Brigade, Elzey’s Command, Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia. Captain J.C. Norman of Company E resigned and was replaced by Captain Robert A. Hill.|
|December-February||Assigned to Daniel’s Brigade, French’s Command, Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.|
|February-April||Assigned to Daniel’s Brigade, D.H. Hill’s Command, Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.|
|April-May||Assigned to Daniel’s Brigade, Department of North Carolina. Captain John Leach of Company C resigned and was replaced by Captain J.C. Richardson.|
|May||Moved to Virginia and assigned to Daniel’s-Grimes’ Brigade, Rodes’ Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia. Captain David Scott of Company D resigned and was replaced by Captain Alexander Ray.|
The regiment was commanded at Gettysburg by Colonel William A. Owens. It brought 322 men to the field and lost 23 men killed, 137 men wounded and 27 men captured.
Captains G. M. G. Albright of Company F, Captain William J. Miller of Company K and First Lieutenant Thomas S. Burnett of Company G were killed. Second Lieutenant C. F. Hall of Company G was mortally wounded, Lieutenant Charles A. McGhee of Company G was wounded and captured, and Lieutenants Samuel Belk, William Matthews and M.E. Alexander of Company B were wounded.
First Lieutenant A. G. Albright of Company F and Lieutenant Jesse F. Eller of Company K were promoted to captain.
Two monuments on the Gettysburg battlefield tell the story of Daniel’s Brigade.
From the first monument on Oak Hill
July 1. The Brigade formed the right of Division and its line extended from Forney Field to the railroad near the McPherson Barn. The regiments did not at first move together nor attack the same troops. The 43rd and 53rd Regiments aided by O’Neal’s 3rd Alabama and Iverson’s 12th North Carolina attacked the Union line in the Sheads and Forney Field. The 45th Regiment and 2nd Battalion fought the 2nd Brigade 3rd Division First Corps near the railroad cuts and being joined by the 32nd Regiment and other troops compelled retreat. The regiments fought under a heavy artillery fire. The Brigade was reunited and lost heavily in the struggle which dislodged the Union forces from Seminary Ridge.
July 2. On Seminary Ridge all day. After night moved into town.
July 3. Marched before daylight to Culp’s Hill to aid Johnson’s Division.
July 4. Occupied Seminary Ridge. At night began the march to Hagerstown.
From the monument on East Confederate Avenue
July 3. After taking part in the battles of the First and Second days elsewhere on the field the Brigade marched about 1.30 A. M. from its position in the town to Culp’s Hill to reinforce Johnson’s Division. Arriving about 4 A. M. it fought at different points wherever ordered through the long and fierce conflict its main position being in the ravine between the two summits of Culp’s Hill. At the close of the struggle near noon it was withdrawn by Gen. Johnson with the rest of the line to the base of the hill from whence it moved during the night to Seminary Ridge west of the town and there rejoined Rodes’s Division.
July 4. Occupied Seminary Ridge. Late at night began the march to Hagerstown.
|September 21||Captain A.P. McDaniel of Company A resigned and Lieutenant James Sutton was promoted to replace him as captain.|
The regiment lost one man wounded.
Mine Run Campaign
The regiment lost two men killed. Captain Spottswood B. Taylor of Company H resigned due to health and was replaced by Captain John B. Miller,
The regiment lost 1 man killed, 11 wounded and 4 captured.
Major Iredell, Captain J. Harvey White of Company B, Second Lieutenant S. J. Albright of Company F and 13 other men were killed. Colonel Owens and 43 other men were wounded, and 22 men were captured. Captain John Rierson was promoted to major.
One man was killed.
One man was killed and Captain James M. Sutton of Company A and five other men were wounded.
The regiment lost 6 men wounded and 2 men captured.
Assigned to Grimes’ Brigade, Rodes’-Grimes’ Division, Army of the Valley.
|June 18||Arrived at Lynchburg.|
|June 19||Began the pursuit of Hunter’s Federal forces, skirmish at Liberty.|
|June 20||Skirmish at Buford Gap|
|June 21||Skirmish at Salem|
|June 22-27||After resting for a day resumed the pursuit to Staunton.|
|July 4||Arrived at Harpers Ferry, capturing Bolivar Heights in the morning. By evening Federal forces were driven across the Potomac to Maryland Heights.|
|July 6||Crossed the Potomac at Pack Horse Ford at Shepherdstown, engaged the Federal garrison at Bolivar Heights and moved through Crampton’s Gap to Frederick.|
|July 10||Resumed the march to Washington|
|July 11||After a very hot, duty and fatiguing march arrived in the evening in front of Fort Stevens of the Washington Defenses, within sight of the Capitol dome.|
|July 12||Reinforcements of the Federal 6th Corps arrived from the Petersburg front and the day was spent in heavy skirmishing in which President Lincoln came under fire. The regiment began its retreat after sundown. First Lieutenant W. F. Campbell of Company G was wounded.|
|July 15||Crossed the Potomac near Leesburg during the night, pursued by Federal cavalry.|
|July 17||Crossed the Blue Ridge at Snickers Gap.|
Colonel Owens had just returned from convalescing from his wound at Spotsylvania when he was killed by a stray shot at the very end of the fighting. Captain John B. Miller of Company H was wounded. Lieutenant Colonel Morehead was promoted to colonel. Major Rierson was to be promoted to lieutenant colonel but never received his commission.
|July 19-20||Moved toward Stratsburg and to the support of Ramseur’s Division.|
|July 21||Retired to Fisher’s Hill|
|August 17||Skirmish at Winchester|
Skirmish at Charlestown
The regiment lost 2 men killed.
|August 29||Skirmish at Smithfield|
|September 3||Skirmish at Bunker Hill|
The regiment lost 12 men killed including Adjutant Osborne, who took up the flag and carried it forward during the charge until he was killed. Major Rierson was wounded in the neck but continued on the field until he was ordered to the rear. Second Lieutenant W. H. McKinney of Company G, Color Sergeant Taylor and 52 other men were wounded. Captain John B. Miller of Company H and 32 other men were captured.
The regiment lost 10 men wounded and 39 captured. Captains James M. Sutton of Company A and A. G. Albright of Company F were wounded.
|September 23-24||Withdrew up the Valley to Waynesboro. One man was captured at New Market.|
|September 26-28||Port Republic|
|October 1-13||Advanced down the valley to Fisher’s Hill.|
The regiment lost 7 me killed, 35 wounded and 25 men captured.
|November 23||Skirmish at Rude’s Hill near Mount Jackson|
The regiment rejoined Lee’s army around Richmond and was assigned to Grimes’ Brigade, Grimes’s Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia.
The regiment lost 14 men wounded and 63 captured.
Major Rierson was killed, Captain J.C. Richardson of Company C and 5 other men were wounded and Captain James M. Sutton of Company A and 60 other men were captured.
The regiment surrendered 6 officers and 81 enlisted men.