The 54th North Carolina Infantry Regiment was organized near Raleigh at Camp Mangum, under the command of Colonel John Wimbish, Lieutenant Colonel James C.S. McDowell and Major Kenneth Mucrchison.
Company A – “Holtsburg Guards” – Rowan County – Captain Anderson Ellis
|September 7||Colonel Wimbish resigned. Lieutenant Colonel James C.S. McDowell was promoted to colonel to take his place. Major Kenneth Murchison was promoted to lieutenant colonel, and Captain Anderson Ellis of Company A was promoted to major.|
|November||Assigned to Trimble’s-Hoke’s Brigade, Ewell’s-Early’s Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia.|
The regiment lost 6 men killed and 40 wounded.
The regiment lost 3 men killed and 38 wounded. Colonel McDowell was mortally wounded, and Lieutenant Colonel Murchison was promoted to colonel. Majot Ellis was promoted to lieutenant colonel, Captain James A. Rogers of Company D was promoted to major and First Lieutenant Junius B. DeBerry was promoted to captain of Company D.
The regiment was detached from its brigade and posted to Winchester to guard prisoners and the army’s line of supply, missing the Battle of Gettysburg.
The regiment lost 2 men wounded and 306 captured in a Federal night attack against this semi-isolated salient. Included among the missing and captured were:
Mine Run Campaign
|January-May||Asigned to Hoke’s Brigade, Department of North Carolina.|
|May||Asigned to Hoke’s Brigade, Ransom’s Division, Department of North Carolina.|
|May-June||Asigned to Hoke’s-Lewis’ Brigade, Early’s-Ramseur’s Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia.|
Battle of North Anna
Assigned to Lewis’-Godwin’s Brigade, Ramseur’s-Pegram’s Division, Army of the Valley.
|June 18||Arrived at Lynchburg.|
|June 19||Began the pursuit of Hunter’s Federal forces, skirmish at Liberty.|
|June 20||Skirmish at Buford Gap|
|June 21||Skirmish at Salem|
|June 22-27||Rested for a day then resumed the pursuit to Staunton.|
|July 4||Arrived at Harpers Ferry, capturing Bolivar Heights in the morning. By evening Federal forces were driven across the Potomac to Maryland Heights.|
|July 6||Crossed the Potomac at Pack Horse Ford at Shepherdstown, engaged the Federal garrison at Bolivar Heights and moved through Crampton’s Gap to Frederick.|
|July 10||Resumed the march on Washington.|
|July 11||Arrived in the evening after a very hot, duty and fatiguing march in front of Fort Stevens of the Washington Defenses, within sight of the Capitol dome.|
|July 12||Reinforcements of the Federal 6th Corps arrived from the Petersburg front and the day was spent in heavy skirmishing in which President Lincoln came under fire. The Confederates began their retreat after sundown.|
|July 15||Crossed the Potomac near Leesburg during the night, pursued by Federal cavalry.|
|July 17||Crossed the Blue Ridge at Snickers Gap.|
|September 23-24||Withdrew up the Valley to Waynesboro.|
|October 1-13||Advanced down the valley to Fisher’s Hill.|
The regiment rejoined Lee’s army around Richmond. Assigned to Godwin’s-Lewis’ Brigade, Pegram’s Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia.
The regiment surrendered 4 officers and 53 men.
The field officers were Colonels James C.S. McDowell, Kenneth M. Murchison, and John Wimbish; Lieutenant Colonel Anderson Ellis; and Major James A. Rogers.