Confederate Regiments & Batteries * South Carolina

“Hagood’s First South Carolina”

January Organized at Barnwell under Colonel Johnson Hagood, Lieutenant Colonel Thomas J. Glover and Major Watson A. O’Cain.
April 12 The regiment was taken into Confederate service for twelve months. Companies A, D & E became part of the 11th South Carolina Infantry Battalion, part of Company G became part of the 2nd South Carolina Artillery Regiment, and Company H was mustered out.  Assigned to Morris Island, Charleston Harbor as part of Simon’s Brigade, Bonham’s Division.
August The regiment was mustered into Confederate service except for Companies G, I & K, who refused.
October At Charleston, assigned to Department of South Carolina and Georgia.
December Assigned to 2nd Military District of South Carolina, Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.
April The regiment was reorganized for the duration of the war. Major O’Cain was defeated for reelection. Company C joined the 1st South Carolina Artillery Regiment.
May 16 Captain William H. Duncan of Company E was promoted to major.
June 16
Battle of Secessionville

Commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Thomas J. Glover

July The 1st South Carolina moved to Virginia and was attached to Jenkins’ Brigade of Kempers’ Division of Longstreet’s Command.
July 12 Colonel Hagood was promoted to brigadier general . Lieutenant Colonel Thomas J. Glover was promoted to colonel, Major Duncan was promoted to lieutenant colonel, and Captain Daniel Livingston of Company B was promoted to major.
August 29-30
Second Battle of Manassas (Bull Run)

Colonel Glover was mortally wounded in the leg and abdomen, and Major Livingston was wounded.

September 1
Battle of Chantilly

Lieutenant Colonel Duncan was appointed acting colonel by General Micah Jenkins, Major Livingston was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain George M. Grimes was promoted to major.

September Assigned to Jenkins’ Brigade of David R. Jones’ Division of Longstreet’s Command
September 14
Battle of South Mountain (Boonsboro)

The regiment was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Daniel Livingston, who was wounded. It lost 1 man killed and 15 wounded. Colonel Walker, commanding the brigade, reported that Company A refused to advance through the gap and enter the fight.

 September 17 Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)The regiment was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Daniel Livingston, who was wounded.

Out of the 106 men who entered the fight 4 men were killed and 36 wounded. At the end of the day only 1 officer and 15 enlisted men remained on the field, for which they were censured by their brigade commander, Colonel Walker.

From the brigade marker on the Antietam battlefield:

September 15-17, 1862

Jenkins’ Brigade reached Sharpsburg at 11 A.M. September 15th. and took position on the high ground west of the Cemetery. Late in the evening it moved to the high ground west of the Burnside Bridge Road, where it remained under artillery fire until 3 P.M. of the 17th, when it returned to its first position in support of Moody’s and Squire’s Batteries.

It then advanced to the apple orchard and to the stone house and mill, about 250 yards north of this point, where it engaged the Federal line, which had reached this elevation. After the withdrawal of the enemy, the Brigade advanced its skirmishers over this ground to the crest of the hill overlooking the low ground and a belt of woodland bordering the Antietam. The Brigade was relieved by Fitzhugh Lee’s Cavalry Brigade during the night of the 18th and at sunrise of the 19th crossed the Potomac at Blackford’s Ford.

September 20
Battle of Shepherdstown
November Assigned to Jenkins’ Brigade, Pickett’s Division, Longstreet’s First Corps
December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg

The regiment lost 1 man.

January 10 Lieutenant Colonel Duncan resigned his commission after the War Department refused to confirm his appointment to colonel. Major Grimes’ commission was also refused and he was returned to captain.
January 31 Major Franklin W. Kilpatrick of the Palmetto Sharpshooters was appointed colonel of the 1st South Carolina after an application by the regiment’s officers.
March 19 Lieutenant Colonel Livingston resigned.
Suffolk Campaign
Gettysburg Campaign

Jenkins’ Brigade was detached in Virginia and was not present at Gettysburg.

July 14 Falling Waters
September Assigned to Jenkins’ Brigade of Hood’s Division of Longstreet’s First Corps and transferred to the Army of the Tennessee.
October 28
Battle of Wauhatchie

Colonel Kilpatrick was killed.

November – December
Siege of Knoxville
November 16 Captain James R. Hagood of Company K was promoted to colonel. James was the brother of Johnson Hagood, the regiment’s first colonel and a brigadier general. He was 18 years old.
February Assigned to Jenkins’ Brigade of Field’s Division of Longstreet’s First Corps.
February 7 The War Department rejected George Grimes’ promotion to major (from September of 1862) and he was ordered to resume the rank of captain. Captain Benjamin B. Kirkland of Company C was promoted to major.
March 19 Major Kirkland was promoted to lieutenant colonel.
mid-April The regiment returned to Virginia with Longstreet’s two divisions.
May 5-6
Battle of The WIlderness

Brigadier General Micah Jenkins was mortally wounded and Colonel John Bratton of the 6th South Carolina took over the brigade as senior colonel. Captain George Grimes was wounded.

May 8-21
The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

The regiment lost 22 casualties out of the the 169 men engaged.

May 12
The Bloody Angle
May 16 North Anna
May 23 Jericho Ford
June 1-3
Battle of Cold Harbor
Siege of Petersburg begins
June 27 Colonel Bratton was promoted to brigadier general and given permanent command of the brigade.
September 28-30
Fort Harrison/New Market Road

Captain Grimes was mortally wounded.

October 7
Darbytown Road

The regiment lost heavily in a charge against Union infantry armed with repeating carbines.

October 27
Williamsburg Road
December 31 From June 13 to December 31 the regiment lost 17 men killed, 89 wounded, and 17 missing.
April 9
Appomattox Court House

The 1st South Carolina surrendered 21 officers and 201 men