|August 22||Created by consolidating the four companies of the Hampton Legion Cavalry Battalion with two independent cavalry companies under the command of Colonel Matthew Caldwell Butler. Assigned to Hampton’s Brigade, Cavalry Division, Army of Northern Virginia.
Company A – Boykin Mounted Rangers, Captain Alexander H. Boykin, Kershaw District
|October 9-12||Stuart’s expedition into Maryland and Pennsylvania|
|December 13||Skirmish on the Occoquan River|
|December 27-29||Raid on Dumfries and Fairfax Station|
The regiment brought 220 men to the field. Colonel Butler was wounded, losing his foot. Lieutenant Colonel Frank Hampton, brother to General Wade Hampton, was killed by a sabre cut. Major T.J. Lipscomb took command of the regiment.
From the historical marker:
On the afternoon of July 2, Brigadier General Wade Hampton’s Cavalry Brigade was ordered to protect the Confederate Army’s left flank. Hampton’s Brigade followed the Hunterstown Road, which put it in a perfect position to guard against attacks from the east. At 4:30 P.M., however, Union cavalry under Brigadier General George Armstrong Custer attacked the rear of Hampton’s Brigade. When the Federals retreated, Hampton chased them into an ambush. Union troops, hidden behind barns and high wheat, opened fire as the Rebels galloped by.
The regiment was commanded by Major T. J. Lipscomb and brought 186 men to the field. On the final day of the Battle of Gettysburg there was a clash of cavalry two miles east of town. Four brigades of Stuart’s troopers attempted to force their way south across Hanover Road and along Low Dutch Road to cut off the Union army’s rear two miles away on Baltimore Pike. But a Federal cavalry division under Brigadier General David McM. Gregg reinforced by a brigade under Brigadier General George A. Custer stopped Stuart’s advance and threw it back in vicious and often hand-to-hand fighting.
From the monument to Hampton’s brigade on the battlefield:
July 2. Engaged in the evening with 3rd Division Cavalry Corps near Hunterstown. Cobb’s Legion led the attack and lost a number of officers and men killed and wounded.
July 3. The Brigade arrived here about noon and skirmished with Union sharpshooters. In the afternoon the 1st North Carolina and Jeff Davis’ Legion advancing in support of Chambliss’ Brigade drove the Union cavalry but met their reserve and were in a critical position when the Brigade went to their support and a hand to hand fight ensued in which Brig. Gen. Wade Hampton was severely wounded. The conflict ended in the failure of the Confederates in their purpose to assail the rear of the Union Army
|September 9||The cavalry division was expanded to a corps. Colonel Butler was promoted to brigadier general, and Lieutenant Colonel Thomas J. Lipscomb was promoted to colonel. The regiment was assigned to Butler’s-Young’s Brigade, Hampton’s Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of Northern Virginia|
|October 9-22||Bristoe Campaign|
|November-December||Mine Run Campaign|
|July||Assigned to Robertson’s Brigade, Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. Company G attached to Ripley’s Brigade, Brigade, Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.|
|October-November||Assigned to the Trapier’s Brigade, Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.|
|January||Assigned to the cavalry, Hoke’s Division, Department of North Carolina.|
|January-February||Assigned to the cavalry, District of Cape Fear, Department of North Carolina.|
Second Battle of Fort Fisher
|February||Assigned to the cavalry, Department of North Carolina.|
|March||Assigned to the cavalry, Hoke’s Division, Department of North Carolina.|
|March-April||Assigned to the cavalry, Department of North Carolina.|
|April||Assigned to Logan’s Brigade, Butler’s Division, Hampton’s Cavalry Command, Army of Tennessee|
The regiment surrendered 14 officers and 225 enlisted men with Johnston’s army.