Confederate Regiments & Batteries > South Carolina


1861
August 22 Created by consolidating the four companies of the Hampton Legion Cavalry Battalion with two independent cavalry companies under the command of Colonel Matthew Caldwell Butler. Assigned to Hampton’s Brigade, Cavalry Division, Army of Northern Virginia.

Company A – Boykin Mounted Rangers, Captain Alexander H. Boykin, Kershaw District
Company B – Beaufort District Troop, Captain Abraham M. Ruth, Beaufort District
Company C – Congaree Mounted Rifles, Captain John H. Meighan, Richland District
Company D – Wassa Massaw Rangers, Captain, Andrew J. Hydrick, Charleston District
Company E – Dean’s Cavalry, Captain George B. Dean, Spartanburg District
Company F – Easley’s Cavalry, Captain John Westfield, Pickens District
Company G – Bonham’s Light Dragoons, Captain J. W. Gary, Newberry District
Company H – Congaree Troop, Captain James P. Macfie, Richland District
Company I – Edgefield Hussars, Captain Tillman H. Clark, Edgefield District
Company K – Brooks Troop, Captain Leonard Williams, Greenville District

September 17
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)
October 9-12 Stuart’s expedition into Maryland and Pennsylvania
December 12 Dumfries
December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg
December 13 Skirmish on the Occoquan River
December 27-29 Raid on Dumfries and Fairfax Station
1863
June 9
Battle of Brandy Station

The regiment brought 220 men to the field. Colonel Butler was wounded, and Lieutenant Colonel Frank Hampton, brother to General Wade Hampton, was killed by a sabre cut. Major T.J. Lipscomb took command of the regiment.

June 21 Upperville
June 30
Battle of Hanover
July 2
Battle of Hunterstown

From the historical marker:

On the afternoon of July 2, Brigadier General Wade Hampton’s Cavalry Brigade was ordered to protect the Confederate Army’s left flank. Hampton’s Brigade followed the Hunterstown Road, which put it in a perfect position to guard against attacks from the east. At 4:30 P.M., however, Union cavalry under Brigadier General George Armstrong Custer attacked the rear of Hampton’s Brigade. When the Federals retreated, Hampton chased them into an ambush. Union troops, hidden behind barns and high wheat, opened fire as the Rebels galloped by.

July 3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Major T. J. Lipscomb and brought 186 men to the field. On the final day of the Battle of Gettysburg there was a clash of cavalry two miles east of town. Four brigades of Stuart’s troopers attempted to force their way south across Hanover Road and along Low Dutch Road to cut off the Union army’s rear two miles away on Baltimore Pike. But a Federal cavalry division under Brigadier General David McM. Gregg reinforced by a brigade under Brigadier General George A. Custer stopped Stuart’s advance and threw it back in vicious and often hand-to-hand fighting.

From the monument to Hampton’s brigade on the battlefield:

July 2. Engaged in the evening with 3rd Division Cavalry Corps near Hunterstown. Cobb’s Legion led the attack and lost a number of officers and men killed and wounded.

July 3. The Brigade arrived here about noon and skirmished with Union sharpshooters. In the afternoon the 1st North Carolina and Jeff Davis’ Legion advancing in support of Chambliss’ Brigade drove the Union cavalry but met their reserve and were in a critical position when the Brigade went to their support and a hand to hand fight ensued in which Brig. Gen. Wade Hampton was severely wounded. The conflict ended in the failure of the Confederates in their purpose to assail the rear of the Union Army

July 6-16
Williamsport
July 8 Boonsboro
September 9 The cavalry division was expanded to a corps. Colonel Butler was promoted to brigadier general, and Lieutenant Colonel Thomas J. Lipscomb was promoted to colonel. The regiment was assigned to Butler’s-Young’s Brigade, Hampton’s Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
October 9-22 Bristoe Campaign
November-December Mine Run Campaign
1864
May 7
Battle of Todd’s Tavern
July Assigned to Robertson’s Brigade, Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. Company G attached to Ripley’s Brigade, Brigade, Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.
October-November Assigned to the Trapier’s Brigade, Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.
1865
January Assigned to the cavalry, Hoke’s Division, Department of North Carolina.
January-February Assigned to the cavalry, District of Cape Fear, Department of North Carolina.
January 13-15
Second Battle of Fort Fisher
February Assigned to the cavalry, Department of North Carolina.
March Assigned to the cavalry, Hoke’s Division, Department of North Carolina.
March-April Assigned to the cavalry, Department of North Carolina.
April Assigned to Logan’s Brigade, Butler’s Division, Hampton’s Cavalry Command, Army of Tennessee
April 26
Durham Station

The regiment surrendered 14 officers and 225 enlisted men with Johnston’s army.