Confederate Regiments & BatteriesVirginia

July 18 Organized for one year’s service under the command of Colonel William Smith (U.S. congressman and former Virginia governor), Lieutenant Colonel Edward Murray (West Point Class of 1841), and Major Caleb Smith. The regiment was assigned to Colonel Philip St. George Cocke’s Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac.

Company A (Flint Hill Rifles, Markham Guards) – Fauquier County
Company B (Amherst Rough and Readys)
Company C (New Market Volunteers) – Nelson County
Company D (Sperryville Sharpshooters) – Rappahannock County
Company E (Warren Blues) – Warren County
Company F (Ewell Guards)  – Prince William County and Nelson Counties
Company G (Quantico Guards) – Prince William County
Company H (Fauquier Guards) – Fauquier and Nelson Counties
Company  I  (Rappahannock Rifles) – Rappahannock County
Company  K (Crowder’s Company) – Nelson County

July 21
First Battle of Manassas, or Bull Run

Three companies consisting of 210 men fought in the battle, commanded by Colonel William Smith. The regiment lost Captain H.C. Ward mortally wounded, 9 enlisted men killed and Major Smith and 29 enlisted men wounded.

July – October Assigned to Cocke’s Brigade, 1st Corps, Army of the Potomac.
October Company G was transferred to the artillery and renamed the “Faquier Artillery.” The regiment would continue to operate with nine companies.
October – December Assigned to Cocke’s Brigade, Longstreet’s Division, Army of the Potomac.
January Assigned to the Garrison of Manassas, Potomac District, Department of Northern Virginia
March-April Assigned G.B. Anderson’s Special Brigade, Department of Northern Virginia
April Assigned to Featherston’s Brigade, D.H. Hill’s Division, Department of Northern Virginia
April-May Assigned to Featherston’s Brigade, Rains’ Division, D.H. Hill’s Command, Department of Northern Virginia
April 30 The regiment reorganized for the duration of the war. It mustered 539 men. All of the companies changed their designations. Lieutenant Colonel Murray was not reelected and left the regiment to join General Lee’s staff.
May 1 Captain Jonathan C. Gibson of Company D was promoted to lieutenant colonel.
May-June Assigned to Featherston’s Brigade, D.H. Hill’s Division, Army of Northern Virginia
May 31-June 1
Battle of Seven Pines

The regiment brought 424 men to the field, and lost 225 casualties. Lieutenant Colonel Gibson was wounded.

June-July Assigned to Mahone’s Brigade, Huger’s-Anderson’s Division, Army of Northern Virginia
June 26-July 1
Seven Days Battles

The regiment lost 2 men killed and 36 wounded. Lieutenant Colonel Gibson was wounded again.

August 28-29
Second Battle of Manassas

Lieutenant Colonel Gibson was wounded for the third time.

September 17
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)

The regiment was commanded by Colonel William Smith, who took over the brigade when General Early took over the division. Lieutenant Colonel Jonathan C. Gibson commanded the regiment until he was once again wounded. Captain Charles Christian then took command. The regiment suffered 5 men killed and 73 wounded

From the War Department marker for Early’s Brigade along Maryland Route 65:

On the night of the 16th, Early’s Brigade bivouacked in the farm lane on the left of Jackson’s Division and in the Dunkard Church woods, between this point and the Church. At dawn of the 17th, the Brigade moved nearly a mile northwest to support Stuart’s Cavalry Division and some Batteries of Artillery. The Brigade was on this duty about an hour when, leaving the 13th Virginia Infantry with Stuart, it returned and formed line on the plateau east of this, perpendicular to the Hagerstown Pike and, advancing in a northerly direction, as a support to Jackson’s right, participated in a sanguinary engagement with the right of the First Army Corps, which was obliged to retire, then moved to the south along the west edge of the West Woods, and engaged the enemy near the Dunkard Church.

From the War Department marker for Early’s Brigade in Philadelphia Brigade Park:

After supporting Jackson’s Division in repulsing the right of the First Army Corps on the plateau west of the Hagerstown Pike, Early’s Brigade, moving through the West Woods and along their western edge to this point, advanced east and, in co-operation with portions of McLaws’ Division, drove the 125th Pennsylvania and 34th New York from the woods near the church. Then, wheeling to the left, supported by the Brigades of Semmes, Anderson and Barksdale, and portions of Jackson’s Division, struck the flank of Sedgwick’s Division and forced it to retire from the field. The Brigade was then reformed and withdrawn to the position occupied by it in the morning and, later in the day, moved to the northern part of the West Woods, where it remained until the night of the 18th, when it recrossed the Potomac

December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg

The regiment lost 6 men killed and 46 wounded. Lieutenant Colonel Gibson was wounded for the fifth time.

January 3 Lieutenant Colonel Gibson was promoted to colonel effective to this date.
January 31 Colonel Smith was promoted to brigadier general. Lieutenant Colonel Gibson was promoted to colonel. Captain Charles Burks Christian of Company I was elected major.
May 1-4
Battle of Chancellorsville
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Jonathan C. Gibson and brought 281 men to the field. It lost 18 men killed, 73 wounded and 19 missing. Lieutenant Goodrich Mitchell was killed on July 3.

From the War Department marker for Smith’s Brigade on the Gettysburg battlefield:

July 3. The Brigade having been detached two days guarding York Pike and other roads against the reported approach of Union Cavalry was ordered to Culp’s Hill to reinforce Johnson’s Division. Arriving early formed in line along this stone wall receiving and returning fire of Infantry and sharpshooters in the woods opposite and being subjected to heavy fire of Artillery. It repulsed the charge of the 2nd Massachusetts and 27th Indiana Regiments against this line and held its ground until the Union forces regained their works on the hill. It then moved to a position further up the creek and during the night marched to Seminary Ridge where it rejoined Early’s Division.

July 4. Occupied Seminary Ridge. After midnight began the march to Hagerstown.

July 12 Retreat to Virginia
Bristoe Campaign
October 27 Major Christian was promoted to lieutenant colonel with rank effective to January 31, 1863.
Mine Run Campaign
May 5-6
Battle of The Wilderness
May 8-21
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

The regiment lost 87 men from May 5-21.

May 22-26 Battle of North Anna
May 30
Battle of Bethesda Church (Cold Harbor)

Colonel Gibson was wounded for the eleventh time, this time so severly as to be disabled from further service. He would nevertheless live until 1907. Lieutenant Colonel Christian was wounded in both shoulders and captured. He would not be released until after Appomattox.

June 17-18 Battle of Lynchburg
June 19-21 Pursuit of Hunter
June 22 Day of rest at Salem
June 23-26 Advance into the Shenandoah Valley to Staunton
June 28-July 2 Advance from Staunton to near Harpers Ferry
July 5-6 Crossed the Potomac at Boteler’s Ford and advances to west of Frederick
July 9
Battle of Monocacy
July 10 The advance on Washington continued through an extremely hot day.
July 11-12 Battle of Fort Stevens
July 13-15 Left Washington, crossed the Potomac at White’s Ford, and marched across Loudon County.
July 16 Crossed the Blue Ridge at Snickers Gap to Berryville
July 19 Moved to Strasburg
July 20 General Lilley was captured and General Pegram returned to command the brigade.
July 24 Second Battle of Kernstown
August 8 At Bunker Hill
August 10 To Winchester
August 12 To Fisher’s Hill
August 17 Returned to Winchester and Bunker Hill.
August 22 To Charles Town
August 25-26 Feint toward Williamsport and return to Bunker Hill.
September 5 To Winchester
September 19
Third Battle of Winchester
September 22
Fisher’s Hill
October 19
Cedar Creek
October 31 William D. Moffett was promoted to Acting Colonel.
Petersburg Siege

The regiment returned from the Shenandoah Valley and rejoined Lee’s main army around Petersburg, attached to Pegram’s-Walker’s Brigade, Ramseur’s Division, Second Corps of the Army of Northern Virginia

February 5
Battle of Hatcher’s Run
March 25 Assault of Fort Stedman
April 6 Battle of Sayler’s Creek
April 9
Appomattox Court House

The regiment surrendered 9 officers and 46 men under the command of Acting Colonel Moffett.