Confederate Regiments & Batteries * Virginia


1861
July 8 Created in Henrico County for one years service under the command of Captain Alfred R. Courtney.
1862
January-May Assigned to Trimble’s Brigade, Smith’s-Ewell’s Division, Potomac District, Department of Northern Virginia
April 28 The battery was reorganized in the army reorganization.
May-June
Shenandoah Valley Campaign

Assigned to Artillery Battalion, Ewell’s Division, Army of the Valley District

June-July Assigned to Trimble’s Brigade, Ewell’s Division, Jackson’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia
June 8
Battle of Cross Keys
June 25-July 1
Seven Days Battles
July 14 Captain Courtney was promoted to major and given command of a battalion of artillery. Captain Joseph W. Latimer was promoted to command the battery.
June 27
Battle of Gaines’s Mill
August 9
Battle of Cedar Mountain
August Assigned to Artillery Battalion, Ewell’s-Early’s Division, Jackson’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia. The battery was equipped with two 3″ Rifles and two 12 pounder Napoleons.
August 28-30
Second Battle of Bull Run
September 1
Battle of Chantilly

The men of the dissolved Manchester Battery were transferred in.

September 12-15
Siege of Harpers Ferry
September 17
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)

One section of the battery consisting of two 3″ Ordnance Rifles made it to the battlefield. The other section, armed with Napoleons, was left at Harpers Ferry.

December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg
1863
February-June Assigned to Artillery Battalion, Jackson’s Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
May 1-4
Battle of Chancellorsville
June Assigned to Artillery Battalion, Early’s Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The battery was commanded by Captain William A. Tanner and is often referred to as “Tanner’s Battery.”

From the marker for the battery on the Gettysburg battlefield:

Courtney (Virginia) Artillery
Four 3 Inch Rifles

July 1. Arrived on the field with¬†Early’s Division. Moved into battery on north side of Rock Creek. Opened an effective fire on Union infantry on south side of the creek. Ceased firing as the Confederate infantry advanced.

July 2. Took position of the day before remained until 3 P. M. Ordered to report on the York Road and remained until the morning of the 3rd. Not engaged.

July 3. Moved nearer the town and remained until night. Ordered to the wagon park to move with train to the rear.

Casualties not reported. Ammunition expended 595 rounds.

July Assigned to Jones’s-Cutshaw’s Battalion, Artillery, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
October
Bristoe Campaign
November-December
Mine Run Campaign
1864
May 5-6
Battle of the Wilderness
May 8-21
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

The battery was stationed inside the salient during the fighting for the Mule Shoe and it was overrun in the assault by Hancock’s 2nd Corps. It lost 2 men killed, 2 wounded, and 23 men captured or missing. All of its guns were captured.

May 23-26
Battle of North Anna
June 1-3
Battle of Cold Harbor
October 19
Battle of Cedar Creek
October Assigned to Cutshaw’s Battalion, Artillery, Army of the Valley District
Late 1864 Consolidated with the survivors of other batteries in Cutshaw’s Battalion