|July 8||Created in Henrico County for one years service under the command of Captain Alfred R. Courtney.|
|January-May||Assigned to Trimble’s Brigade, Smith’s-Ewell’s Division, Potomac District, Department of Northern Virginia|
|April 28||The battery was reorganized in the army reorganization.|
Shenandoah Valley Campaign
Assigned to Artillery Battalion, Ewell’s Division, Army of the Valley District
|June-July||Assigned to Trimble’s Brigade, Ewell’s Division, Jackson’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia|
Battle of Cross Keys
|June 25-July 1||
Seven Days Battles
|July 14||Captain Courtney was promoted to major and given command of a battalion of artillery. Captain Joseph W. Latimer was promoted to command the battery.|
Battle of Gaines’s Mill
Battle of Cedar Mountain
|August||Assigned to Artillery Battalion, Ewell’s-Early’s Division, Jackson’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia. The battery was equipped with two 3″ Rifles and two 12 pounder Napoleons.|
Battle of Chantilly
The men of the dissolved Manchester Battery were transferred in.
One section of the battery consisting of two 3″ Ordnance Rifles made it to the battlefield. The other section, armed with Napoleons, was left at Harpers Ferry.
|February-June||Assigned to Artillery Battalion, Jackson’s Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia|
|June||Assigned to Artillery Battalion, Early’s Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia|
The battery was commanded by Captain William A. Tanner and is often referred to as “Tanner’s Battery.”
Courtney (Virginia) Artillery
July 1. Arrived on the field with Early’s Division. Moved into battery on north side of Rock Creek. Opened an effective fire on Union infantry on south side of the creek. Ceased firing as the Confederate infantry advanced.
July 2. Took position of the day before remained until 3 P. M. Ordered to report on the York Road and remained until the morning of the 3rd. Not engaged.
July 3. Moved nearer the town and remained until night. Ordered to the wagon park to move with train to the rear.
Casualties not reported. Ammunition expended 595 rounds.
|July||Assigned to Jones’s-Cutshaw’s Battalion, Artillery, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia|
Mine Run Campaign
The battery was stationed inside the salient during the fighting for the Mule Shoe and it was overrun in the assault by Hancock’s 2nd Corps. It lost 2 men killed, 2 wounded, and 23 men captured or missing. All of its guns were captured.
Battle of North Anna
|October||Assigned to Cutshaw’s Battalion, Artillery, Army of the Valley District|
|Late 1864||Consolidated with the survivors of other batteries in Cutshaw’s Battalion|