United States Regiments & Batteries > New YorkInfantry

“St. Lawrence County Regiment”

The 106th New York Infantry Regiment lost 10 officers and 127 enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 4 officers and 166 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War.

Organized at Ogdensburg, N. Y. under Colonel Schuyler F. Judd
August 27 Mustered into United States Service for three years under Colonel Edward C. James, Lieutenant Colonel Frederick Embrick and Major Charles Townsend
August 28 Left State for Baltimore, Md.
September Ordered to New Creek, Va. Attached to Railroad District, 8th Corps, Middle Dept. Guard and provost duty in Defenses of the Upper Potomac.
January Assigned to Martinsburg, W. Va., Milroy’s Command, 8th Corps, Middle Dept.
March Assigned to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 8th Army Corps
April 15-22 Expedition to Greenland Gap
April 29

Companies D and F were captured after they defended a railroad bridge against a large Confederate force for several hours. One officer and 2 men were killed, and 4 officers and 96 men captured. The companies were immediately released on parole. Another enlisted man was killed and 2 officers and 4 men wounded in fighting nearby.

June Assigned to Elliott’s Command, 8th Army Corps
June 14
Martinsburg, W. Va.

The regiment lost 1 officer and 20 men captured

June 14-15 Battle of Winchester, Va., and retreat to Harper’s Ferry
July 1-4 Guard stores to Washington, D.C.
July 5 Join Army of the Potomac at Frederick, Md. assigned to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 3rd Army Corps
July 5-24 Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va.
July 23 Action at Wapping Heights, Va.
August – October Duty on line of the Rappahannock and Rapidan

Colonel James left the regiment due to physical disability

October 9-22
Bristoe Campaign

The regiment lost Captain James Peach of Company I and 2 men killed, 8 men wounded, and 18 men captured on October 11 near Culpeper Court House

November 7-8 Advance to line of the Rappahannock
November 7 Kelly’s Ford
November 8 Brandy Station
November 26-December 2
Mine Run Campaign

The regiment lost 2 men killed, 1 man mortally wounded, and 1 officer and 11 men wounded at Locust Grove on November 27

February 6-7 Demonstration on the Rapidan
March Assigned to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
May 3-June 15 Campaign from the Rapidan to the James
May 5-7
Battle of the Wilderness

The regiment lost 5 men killed or mortally wounded, 5 men wounded, and 1 officer captured

May 8-21 Spotsylvania Court House

The regiment lost 1 officer and 13 men killed or mortally wounded and 1 officer and 23 men wounded.

May 12
Assault on the Salient, “Bloody Angle”

4 men were killed or mortally wounded

May 23-26 North Anna River
May 26-28 On line of the Pamunkey
May 28-31

The regiment lost 4 men wounded, 1 mortally

June 1-12
Cold Harbor

The regiment lost 4 officers and 29 men killed or mortally wounded, 3 officers and 77 men wounded and 1 officer and 20 men missing, including Lieutenant Colonel Townsend, who was killed, and Major McDonald, wounded

June 17-18
First Assault on Petersburg

The regiment lost 2 men mortally wounded, 2 men wounded, and 3 missing

June 17-July 6 Siege of Petersburg
June 22-23 Jerusalem Plank Road, Weldon Railroad
July 6 Ordered to Baltimore, Md.
July 9
Battle of Monocacy

The regiment lost 2 officers and 15 men killed, 1 officer and 12 men mortally wounded, 2 officers and 58 men wounded, and 43 men missing.

July 14-24 Expedition to Snicker’s Gap, Va.
August 7-
November 28
Sheridan’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign
August 21-22
Near Charlestown

The regiment lost 1 man mortally wounded and 4 men wounded.

September 19 Battle of Winchester

The regiment lost 11 me killed or mortally wounded, 2 officers and 39 men wounded, and 2 men missing

September 22
Fisher’s Hill

The regiment lost 1 officer and 1 enlisted man mortally wounded and 1 man wounded

October 19
Battle of Cedar Creek

The regiment lost 13 men killed or mortally wounded, 3 officers and 37 men wounded, and 1 man missing

October – November Duty at Kernstown
December 3-6 Moved to Washington, D.C., then to Petersburg, Va.
December Siege of Petersburg
March 25 Fort Fisher, Petersburg
March 28-April 9 Appomattox Campaign
April 2
Assault on and fall of Petersburg

The regiment lost 11 men killed or mortally wounded and 37 men wounded

April 3-9 Pursuit of Lee
April 6 Sailor’s Creek
April 9 Appomattox Court House. Surrender of Lee and his army.
April 23-27 March to Danville, Va.
May 16-June 2 Moved to Richmond, Va., thence to Washington, D.C.
June 8 Corps Review
June 27 Mustered out under Major Edward M. Paine