The 86th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 13 officers and 159 enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 officers and 129 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.
|Organized at Elmira. Company A was primarily recruited at Syracuse; B at Addison; C and F at Corning; D at Hornellsville; E at Elmira; G at Canisteo; H at Troupsburg; I in Steuben county and K at Woodhull.|
|November 20||Mustered in under Colonel Benajah P. Bailey, Lieutenant Colonel Barnard Chapin and Major Seyman G. Rheinvault|
|November 23||Left State for Washington, D.C. Attached to 2nd Brigade, Casey’s Division, Army of the Potomac|
|December||Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D. C.|
|March||Attached to Wadsworth’s Command, Military District of Washington|
|August||Attached to Piatt’s Brigade, Whipple’s Division|
|Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia|
The regiment, under the command of Colonel Baily, lost 23 men killed or mortally wounded, 1 officer and 56 men wounded, and 38 men missing.
|September||Duty in the Defenses of Washington|
|October 18-19||Moved to Point of Rocks, thence to Pleasant Valley, Md.|
|October 24-November 16||Movement toward Warrenton, Va.|
|November 5-6||Reconnaissance to Manassas Gap, Va. and skirmish|
|November 18-24||Movement to Falmouth, Virginia. Attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac|
The regiment, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Chapin, lost 3 men wounded and 1 missing.
|December||Duty near Falmouth|
|January 20-24||“Mud March”|
|January 23||Captain Benjamin L. Higgins of Company A was promoted to major.|
|April 27-May 6||Chancellorsville Campaign|
The regiment lost 4 officers and 13 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, and 3 officers and 57 men wounded. Lieutenant Colonel Chapin and Captains Daniel S. Ellsworth and W.W. Angel were killed, Lieutenant Jackson A. Woodward was mortally wounded, and Major Benjamin Higgins, Captains J.H. Lansing and Amos B. Sherwood, and Lieutenant Nathan H. Vincent were wounded.
|May 3||Major Higgins was promoted to lieutenant colonel. Captain Jacob H. Lansing of Company C was promoted to major.|
|June||Assigned to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Army Corps|
The regiment was commanded by Major Jacob H. Lansing. It lost 5 men killed or mortally wounded and 21 wounded.
|June 11-July 24||Gettysburg Campaign|
|June 12||Colonel Bailey was discharged for disability. Lieutenant Colonel Hiffins was promoted to colonel and Major Lansing was promoted to lieutenant colonel|
The regiment was commanded by Colonel Benjamin Higgins until he was wounded by a shell in his left side on July 2 in fighting north of the Devil’s Den. Lieutenant Colonel Jacob Lansing then took command. It lost Captain John Warner and 19 men killed or mortally wounded, Lieutenants Hammond, Blanchard and Packer and 39 men wounded, and Adjutant Seeley and 3 men missing of the 286 men engaged.
|July 5-24||Pursuit of Lee|
|July 23||Wapping Heights, Va.|
|August-September||Duty on line of the Rappahannock|
|October 9-22||Bristoe Campaign|
|November 7-8||Advance to line of the Rappahannock|
|November 7||Kelly’s Ford|
Mine Run Campaign
The regiment was under the command of Colonel Higgins until he was wounded, when Major Michael Stafford then took command. It lost 6 men killed or mortally wounded, and 1 officer and 25 men wounded.
|November 27||Colonel Higgins was wounded in both thighs.|
|December-May||Duty near Brandy Station|
|January||Much of the regiment reenlisted, earning Veteran status. Veterans received a 30 day furlough.|
|February 6-7||Demonstration on the Rapidan|
|March||Assigned to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 2nd Army Corps|
|May 3-June 15||
Campaign from the Rapidan to the James
Bagan the campaign with 450 men under the command of Colonel Lansing.
The regiment lost Captain Barton and 17 men killed or mortally wounded, and 5 officers and 56 men wounded.
The regiment lost Captain Stone, 4 other officers and 53 men killed or mortally wounded, Captain Vincent and 62 other men wounded, and 4 men missing, mostly at the Po River.
The regiment engaged in hand to hand combat, losing every member of the color guard but saving the colors. The regiment entered the battle with 300 men and lost half its strength, including Captains John Phinney and Samuel Stone and Adjutant James Cherry; Captain Nathan Vincent was badly wounded.
|May 12||Assault on the Salient, “Bloody Angle”|
|May 13||The regiment mustered 75 men.|
North Anna River
The regiment lost 1 man mortaly wounded, 1 officer and 11 men wounded, and 2 men missing. Lieutenant Colonel Lansing was wounded in the left arm.
|May 26-28||On line of the Pamunkey|
The regiment lost 4 men mortally wounded and 9 missing.
The regiment lost Lieutenant Colonel Michael Stafford and 6 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, and 36 men wounded.
|June 21||Three years men from 70th New York Infantry transferred in|
|June 22-23||Jerusalem Plank Road, Weldon Railroad|
|June 25||Colonel Benjamin Higgins was discharged for his wounds from Mine Run and Gettysburg. Lieutenant Colonel Lansing was promoted to colonel.|
|July 27-29||Demonstration north of the James|
|July 27-28||Deep Bottom|
|August 13-20||Demonstration north of the James|
|August 14-18||Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom|
|Poplar Springs Church|
Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher’s Run
The regiment lost 1 officer and 6 men killed or mortally wounded, 7 men wounded and 3 men missing.
|November 14||Colonel Jacob Lansing was honorably mustered out.|
|December 1||Lieutenant Colonel Stafford was mortally wounded in “Fort Hell.” Captain Nathan Vincent was promoted to lieutenant colonel.|
|December 9-10||Reconnaissance to Weldon Railroad|
|March 25||Watkins’ House|
|March 28-April 9||
The regiment lost 2 men killed, and 1 officer and 7 men wounded.
|March 29-31||Boydton and White Oak Roads|
|March 31||Crow’s House|
|April 2||Fall of Petersburg|
|April 6||Sailor’s Creek|
|April 7||High Bridge and Farmville|
Surrender of Lee and his army.
|May 2-12||Moved to Washington, D.C.|
|May 23||Grand Review|
|June 27||Mustered out near Washington under Colonel Nathan H. Vincent|