United States Regiments & Batteries > New York > 108th New York Infantry Regiment


“Rochester Regiment”

The 108th New York Infantry Regiment lost 9 officers and 95 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 87 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War.

The regiment is honored by a monument in Ziegler’s Grove at Gettysburg.

1862
August 18 The 108th New York Infantry Regiment organized at Rochester and mustered in for three years Federal service under Colonel Oliver H. Palmer, Lieutenant Colonel Charles J. Powers, and Major George B. Force
August 19 Moved to New York City.
August 22 To Washington, D.C. Attached to Whipple’s Command, Defenses of Washington, D.C.
September 6-22

Maryland Campaign

Attached to 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 2nd Corps, Army of the Potomac.

September 16-17

Battle of Antietam

The regiment lost 196 killed and wounded its first battle during the attack on the Sunken Road. Major Powers, Lieutenants D. B. Tarbox and R. E. Holmes and 27 men were killed, 13 enlisted men were mortally wounded, 2 officers and 107 men were wounded, and 43 men missing.

Private Henry Niles of Company K captured the colors of the 14th North Carolina Infantry, and the regiment reported capturing 9 Confederate officers and 159 enlisted men.

From the brigade marker on the Antietam battlefield:

Morris’ Brigade relieved Weber’s and took position on the rise of ground just north of the Bloody Lane; the 108th New York east of Roulette’s Lane, the 14th Connecticut and 130th Pennsylvania west of it. Here supported and afterwards reinforced by Kimball’s Brigade, it maintained a severe contest, losing heavily in killed and wounded. In the latter part of the engagement, the 14th Connecticut was sent to reinforce Richardson’s Division on the left.

September 22
to October 30
Duty at Harper’s Ferry, West Virginia.
October 16-17 Reconnaissance to Charleston
October 30 – November 17 Advance up Loudoun Valley and movement to Falmouth, Virginia.
December 12-15

Battle of Fredericksburg

The regiment lost 15 men killed or mortally wounded, 2 officers and 38 men killed, and 37 men wounded.

December At Falmouth
1863
January 20-24
“Mud March”
February At Falmouth
April 27-May 6

Chancellorsville Campaign

May 1-5

Battle of Chancellorsville

The regiment lost 1 officer and 8 men killed or mortally wounded, 35 enlisted men wounded, and 8 men missing.

June 11-July 24

Gettysburg Campaign

July 1-3

Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded at Gettysburg by Colonel Francis E. Pierce. it lost 3 officers and 15 men killed or mortally wounded, and 10 officers and 74 men wounded.

From the monument to the 108th New York:

Occupied this position July 2 and 3, 1863 supporting Battery I, 1st U.S. Art.
During the artillery duel on the afternoon of July 3, it sustained a terrific fire without being able to return a shot.

Number engaged 200. Casualties: Killed 16, wounded 86, Total 102.

During the charge the left of the Confederate line lapped its front and came within 50 yards of it before breaking.

July 5-24 Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Virginia.
August Duty along Orange & Alexandria Railroad
September 13-17 Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan
September Picket duty on the Rapidan
October 8-22

Bristoe Campaign

October 14

Auburn and Bristoe

November 7-8 Advance to line of the Rappahannock
November 26 –
December 2

Mine Run Campaign

December At Stevensburg
1864
February 6-7

Demonstration on the Rapidan, Morton’s Ford

The regiment lost 1 officer and 6 men wounded

March Attached to 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 2nd Corps, Army of the Potomac
May 1-June 15

Campaign from the Rapidan to the James

May 5-7

Battle of the Wilderness

The regiment lost 9 men killed or mortally wounded, 6 officers and 33 men wounded, and 4 men missing.

May 8

Laurel Hill

May 8-21

Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

The regiment lost 10 men killed and mortally wounded, 2 officers and 34 men wounded and 7 men missing.

May 10

Po River

May 12

Assault on the Salient or “Bloody Angle”

May 23-26

North Anna River

May 26-28 On line of the Pamunkey
May 28-31

Totopotomoy

June 1-12

Battle of Cold Harbor

The regiment lost 1 officer and 5 men killed or mortally wounded, and 1 officer and 14 men wounded.

June 16-17

First Assault on Petersburg

June 16-17

Siege of Petersburg

June 22-23

Jerusalem Plank Road

July 27-29 Demonstration north of the James
July 27-28

Deep Bottom

August 13-20 Demonstration north of the James
August 14-18

Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom

August 25

Ream’s Station

The regiment lost 1 man killed, 1 officer and 2 men wounded, and 21 captured.

October 27-28

Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher’s Run

1865
February 5-7

Dabney’s Mills, Hatcher’s Run

March 28-April 9

Appomattox Campaign

March 29-31

Boydton and White Oak Roads

March 31 Crow’s House
April 2

Fall of Petersburg

April 6

Sailor’s Creek

April 7

High Bridge and Farmville

April 9

Appomattox Court House

Surrender of Lee and his army.

April At Burkesville
May 2-12 March to Washington, D.C.
May 23 Grand Review
May 28 the 108th New York Infantry Regiment mustered out under the command of Colonel Powers at Baily’s Cross Roads, Virginia. Veterans and Recruits transferred to 59th New York Infantry.