United States Regiments & Batteries > New York

“2nd Auburn Regiment”

“Cayuga and Wayne County Regiment”

The 9th New York Heavy Artillery lost 6 officers and 198 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 3 officers and 254 enlisted men to disease (41 in Confederate prisons) during the Civil War. It began its history as an infantry regiment but was quickly converted to heavy artillery.

September 8 Mustered in under the command of Colonel Joseph Welling as the 138th New York Infantry Regiment.
September 12 Left New York for Washington, D.C.
September Attached to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 12th Corps, Army of the Potomac
October Attached to 4th Brigade, 1st Division, 12th Corps, then 2nd Brigade, Defenses north of the Potomac, Defenses of Washington
December 9 Designation of Regiment changed to 9th New York Heavy Artillery
December 9 Attached to 2nd Brigade, Defenses North of the Potomac
December Garrison duty n the Defenses of Washington, D.C. during which time built and garrisoned Forts Mansfield, Bayard, Gaines and Foote.
February 5 22nd New York Battery assigned to Regiment as Company M. Attached to 2nd Brigade, Haskins’ Division, 22nd Army Corps, Dept. of Washington
May 21 Colonel Welling was discharged. William H. Seward was promoted to colonel.
December 4 Company L organized at Albany, N.Y., and mustered in
May Attached to 3rd Brigade, Haskins’ Division, 22nd Army Corps
May 18 Relieved from garrison duty and ordered to Join Army of the Potomac in the field. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
May-June Rapidan Campaign
May 26 North Anna River
May 26-28 On line of the Pamunkey
May 28-31 Totopotomy
May 31 to July 10 3rd Battalion (companies C, I, L & F) detached to Artillery Brigade, 6th Army Corps
June 1-12
Cold Harbor

The regiment lost 43 men killed or mortally wounded, 99 men wounded, and 6 missing.

June 1-3 Bethesda Church
June 18-19 First Assault on Petersburg
June 18-July 6 Siege of Petersburg
June 22-23 Jerusalem Plank Road, Weldon Railroad
July 6-8 Moved to Baltimore, Md.
July 9
Battle of Monocacy

The regiment lost 51 men killed or mortally wounded, 79 men wounded, and 175 men missing. Colonel Seward was wounded in the arm and broke his leg when his horse fell on him. He would not return to the regiment, being promoted to brigadier general after recuperating from his wound.

Major Charles Burgess took command of the regiment.

July 10 2nd Battalion detached with 1st Brigade, Hardin’s Division, 22nd Army Corps
August 7-November 28 Sheridan’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign. Atached to Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division
August 21-22 Near Charlestown
August 29 Charlestown
September 13 Colonel Seward was promoted to brigadier general. Edward P. Taft was promoted to colonel.
September 19
Third Battle of Winchester

The regiment lost 22 men killed or mortally wounded and 20 men wounded.

September 22
Fisher’s Hill
September 23 2nd Battalion detached with Keim’s Provisional Brigade, 22nd Army Corps
September 23 The 3rd Battalion rejoined Regiment.
October 19
Battle of Cedar Creek

The regiment lost 64 men killed or mortally wounded and 144 men wounded.

October-December Duty at Kernstown
November 28 Colonel Taft was discharged. Major James W. Snyder was promoted to colonel.
December 3 Moved to Washington, D.C. then to Petersburg, Va.
December-April Siege of Petersburg, Va.
March 25 Fort Fisher, Petersburg
March 28-April 9 Appomattox Campaign
April 2
Fall of Petersburg

Four men were killed in the final assault.

April 5 Amelia Springs
April 6
Sailor’s Creek

One man was killed.

April 9
Appomattox Court House.

Surrender of Lee and his army.

April 17-27 Expedition to Danville
May-June Duty at Danville and at Richmond
June Moved to Washington, D.C. and attached to 1st Brigade, Hardin’s Division; 22nd Army Corps
June 8 Corps Review
June 27 Consolidated to four Companies , and transferred to 2nd New York Heavy Artillery