United States Regiments & Batteries > Ohio

The 30th Ohio Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 9 officers and 119 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 149 enlisted men to disease in the Civil war. It is honored by a monument at Antietam.

August 28 Organized at Camp Chase, Columbus, Ohio under Colonel Hugh Ewing.
August 30-September 2 Moved to Clarksburg, Virginia
September 3-6 Moved to Weston and to Suttonville. Attached to Scammon’s Brigade, District of the Kanawha, W. Va. Companies D, F, G and I served detached at Sutton
September 10 Action at Carnifex Ferry Va.
September 24 Advance to Sewell Mountain, then to Falls of the Gauley.
October 19-November 16 Operations in the Kanawha Valley and New River Region attached to 3rd Brigade, District of the Kanawha, W. Va.
November 14 Moved to Fayetteville.
December 23 Cos. D, F, G and I rejoined Regiment
January 28 Captain George H. Hildt of Company I was promoted to major.
March Attached to 1st Brigade, Kanawha Division West Virginia, Dept. of the Mountains
April 22-May 5 Advance on Princeton
May 15-18 About Princeton
May 19 Moved to Flat Top Mountain
August 16-22 Moved to Washington, D.C.
August 23-31 Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia. Right Wing at Gen. Pope’s Headquarters, Left Wing in Robertson’s Brigade
August 28-30
Second Battle of Bull Run
September Right and Left Wings of Regiment reunite in 1st Brigade, Kanawha Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
September 6-22 Maryland Campaign
September 14
Battle of South Mountain

Colonel Ewing took command of the brigade, leaving Lieutenant Colonel Theodore Jones in command of the regiment.

September 16-17
Battle of Antietam

Lieutenant Colonel Theodore Jones was captured, and Major George H. Hildt took command of the reigment.

From the monument on the Antietam battlefield:

This Regiment was engaged here about 5 o’clock P.M. September 17, 1862. Its loss was 3 officers and 10 men killed, including both color bearers; 1 officer and 48 men wounded; 2 officers and 15 men taken prisoners; total 80.

From the War Department marker for Ewing’s Brigade on the Antietam bayylefield:

On the evening of September 16th, Ewing’s Brigade formed line under cover of the ridge east of the Antietam, and southeast of the Burnside Bridge. On the morning of the 17th it followed the left bank of the Antietam to Snavely’s Ford where it crossed and moving up the right bank of the stream until nearly abreast the bridge, advanced in support of Rodman’s Division over the hills and ravines to this point where it met and temporarily checked the advance of A.P. Hill’s Division. Its left having been turned by the enemy, it fell back to the cover of the rolling ground east of this tablet.

From the Major Hildt’s Official Report for the 30th Ohio at Antietam:

During the morning we were held under the fire of the enemy’s batteries as a reserve corps, and, although under a perfect hail of shot and shell, by carefully covering I have no casualties to report from the effects of the enemy’s batteries to this time. Near 4 o’clock in the evening we were ordered to charge the enemy who were distant one-half mile, on the slope of a cleared hill facing us, a part of which was planted in corn, and served to screen both the enemy and ourselves. We moved forward by brigade at double-quick, the Twenty-third Ohio Volunteer Infantry on our right, and the Twelfth Ohio Volunteer Infantry on our left, some distance in rear, receiving a severe fire from the enemy the moment we moved over the brow of the hill, which continued and increased until we reached the stone wall, distant only 100 yards from the enemy, when we delivered our fire with great precision, and for a time checked the advancing enemy.

Our men were at this time utterly exhausted from the effect of the double-quick step across the plowed field, and their fire was necessarily slow and desultory for several minutes. As soon, however, as our first volley had been given, and our colors erected at the wall, a withering fire was directed upon us from our left flank, and from which we suffered most severely. We continued at the wall until our men had fired from 12 to 15 rounds each, directing their fire to the front and left, when our supports on the right fell back, and that on the left had not yet come to our assistance, leaving both of our flanks exposed and enduring a fire from the front and left. Colonel Jones, on the right, gave the order to move by the right flank to join the right wing of the Twenty-third, which was still in position, which order was not heard, except by the four companies on the right (A, F, D and I) which moved in that direction, the remaining companies still occupying their first position at the wall. A few minutes later and the enemy’s fire from the flank could not be borne, and we fell back across the plowed field and over the brow of the hill.

Captain Fowler, of Company D, was wounded in the right arm a short distance from the wall, but made his way out. Lieutenant Furbay, of Company K, was mortally wounded near the same place by two balls passing through his body, and died on the field. Adjt. Charles Duffield was wounded in the leg, in the corn-field, and, while being borne off, was mortally wounded in the back. Lieutenant Wilson, of Company I, was mortally wounded in the neck, and died while borne off. Lieutenant-Colonel Jones, after giving the order to move by the right flank and afterward to fall back, has not been seen, and must have fallen into the hands of the enemy. Captain Brown, of Company F, is also missing, and is, no doubt a prisoner. Sergeant White, bearer of the national color, stood amidst the rain of bullets and defiantly waved the color toward the advancing enemy, when he received a shot in the breast and fell dead. Corporal Howerth, of Company D, seized them and bore them off the field. Sergeant Carter, who bore the regimental color, was shot through the head near the edge of the corn-field, and Corporal Buchanan, of Company C, bore them off.

Too much praise cannot be given the officers and men for their coolness, courage, and gallant conduct on the field, and, having scarcely recovered from the terrible contest on Hagerstown Heights, they stood up and bravely bore a fire upon their front and left, of which veterans might well be proud.

Before closing, allow me to recommend a change of arms of all the companies except A and B, as the men found great difficulty in loading their pieces after the fifth round, and could scarcely ram their balls home.

October 8 March to Clear Springs
October 9 To Hancock. Assigned to 1st Brigade, Kanawha Division, District of West Virginia, Dept. of the Ohio
October 12-November 13 March to the Kanawha Valley
November 13-December 1 Camp at Cannelton
November 29 Colonel Ewing was promoted to brigadier general.
December 1-10 Expedition toward Logan Court House
December Ordered to Louisville, Ky.
January 21 To Helena, Ark., and to Young’s Point, La. Attached to 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 15th Army Corps, Army of the Tennessee
March 14-27 Expedition to Rolling Fork via Muddy, Steele’s and Black Bayous and Deer Creek
April 18 Theodore Jones was promoted to colonel.
April 27-May 1 Demonstrations against Haines and Drumgould’s Bluffs
May 2-14 Movement to Join Army in rear of Vicksburg, Miss., via Richmond and Grand Gulf
May 18-July-4 Siege of Vicksburg
May 19 and 22 Assaults on Vicksburg
July 5-10 Advance on Jackson, Miss.
July 10-17 Siege of Jackson
July-September Camp at Big Black
September 26-November 20 Moved to Memphis, Tenn., then marched to Chattanooga, Tenn.
October 5 Sequatchie Valley
October 20-29 Operations on Memphis & Charleston Railroad in Alabama attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 15th Army Corps
October 27 Bear Creek, Tuscumbia
November 23-27 Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign
November 24-25 Tunnel Hill
November 25 Mission Ridge
November 27-December 8 March to relief of Knoxville
December 19 Moved to Bridgeport, Ala.
December 26 To Bellefonte Station
January 26 To Larkin’s Ferry
April Moved to Cleveland, Tenn. Veterans absent on furlough.
May Veterans Rejoined Regiment at Kingston. Ga.
May 1-September 8 Atlanta Campaign
May 8-13 Demonstrations on Resaca
May 13 Near Resaca
May 14-15 Battle of Resaca
May 18-25 Advance on Dallas
May 25-June 5 Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills
June 10-July 2 Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain
June 27 Assault on Kenesaw
July 2-5 Nickajack Creek
July 3-4 Ruff’s Mills
July 5-17 Chattahoochie River
July 22 Battle of Atlanta
July 22-August 25 Siege of Atlanta
July 28 Ezra Chapel, Hood’s second sortie
August Attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 15th Army Corps
August 25-30 Flank movement on Jonesboro
August 31-September 1 Battle of Jonesboro
September 2-6 Lovejoy Station
September 29-November 3 Operations against Hood in North Georgia and North Alabama
November 15-December 10 March to the sea
November 21-23 Clinton
December 10-21 Siege of Savannah
December 13 Fort McAllister
January – April Campaign of the Carolinas
February 2 Duck Branch, near Loper’s Cross Roads, S.C.
February 9 South Edisto River
February 11-13 North Edisto River
February 16-17 Columbia
March 20-21 Battle of Bentonville, N. C.
March 24 Occupation of Goldsboro
April 10-14 Advance on Raleigh
April 14 Occupation of Raleigh
April 26 Bennett’s House. Surrender of Johnston and his army.
April 29-May 20 March to Washington, D.C., via Richmond, Va.
May 24 Grand Review
June 2 Moved to Louisville, Ky.
June 25 To Little Rock, Ark.
August 13 Mustered out