United States Regiments & Batteries > Ohio

The 34th Ohio Infantry Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 10 officers and 120 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 130 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War.

Organized at Camp Lucas, Ohio
September 1 Moved to Camp Dennison, Ohio
September 15 To West Virginia. Attached to Cox’s Kanawha Brigade, West Virginia
September 20 Arrived at Camp Enyart, Kanawha River
September 25 Action at Chapmansville, W. Va.
October Duty at Camp Red House October, and at Barboursville November. Guard and scout duty and operating against guerrillas in Cabell, Putnam, Mason, Wayne and Logan Counties assigned to District of the Kanawha, West Virginia
March Moved to Gauley Bridge. Assigned to 2nd Brigade, Kanawha Division, West Virginia, Dept. of the Mountains
April At Fayetteville
May 10-18 Cox’s demonstrations on the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad
May 15-17 Princeton
May 18 Retreat to Flat Top Mountain, and duty there
August At Fayetteville
September 6-16 Campaign in the Kanawha Valley. Attached to Point Pleasant, District of the Kanawha, West Virginia, Dept. of the Ohio
September 10 Loring’s attack on Fayetteville
September 11 Cotton Mountain
September 12-13 Charleston
September At Point Pleasant
October 15 At Fayetteville
March Attached to 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department
May The regiment was mounted.
June Assigned to 2nd Brigade, Scammon’s Division, Department of West Virginia
July 8 Assigned to 3rd Brigade, Scammon’s Division, Department of West Virginia. Colonel John T. Tolland took command of the brigade as senior colonel while Lieutenant Colonel Freeman E. Franklin commanded the regiment.
July 13-25 Expedition to Virginia & Tennessee Railroad.
July 18-19

The small brigade consisting of the 34th Ohio and the 2nd West Virginia Cavalry Regiment attacked the West Virginia town of Wytheville, important for its lead mines and its location of the Virginia and Tennessee Railroad. The attack was very costly, with the mounted Union force taking fire from the houses as it advanced into town. Colonel John T. Tolland was killed, and Colonel William H. Powell of the 2nd West Virginia Cavalry was badly wounded and captured. Lieutenant Colonel Freeman E. Franklin took command of the brigade, which successfully eluded Confederate pursuit and made its way back to Union lines. Although a number of houses in the town were burned, little military damage was done. The regiment lost 4 men killed, 11 wounded, 17 taken prisoner, and 10 missing in the raid.

September 11-13 Scouts from Camp Platt
September 12 Elk River
October 21-26 Scouts from Charleston to Boone Court House
November 3-13 Expedition from Charleston to Lewisburg
November 6 Little Sewell Mountain
November 7 Muddy Creek and capture of Lewisburg
November 8 Second Creek, near Union
December 8-25 Scammon’s demonstration from the Kanawha Valley. Attached to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, West Virginia
December 23 Regiment reenlisted
January 19 Regiment mustered as a Veteran organization
April Attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, West Virginia
May 2-19 Crook’s Expedition against Virginia & Tennessee Railroad (Detachment)
May 5-19 Averill’s Raid on Virginia & Tennessee Railroad
May 4 Callahan Station
May 8 Jeffersonville
May 9 Abb’s Valley, Wytheville
May 9 Cloyd’s Mountain
May 10 New River Bridge
May 10 Grassy Lick, Cove Mountain, near Wytheville
May 26-July 1 Hunter’s Raid to Lynchburg
June Attached to 3rd Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, West Virginia
June 6 Buffalo Gap
June 11 Lexington
June 14 Buchanan
June 16 New London
June 17 Diamond Hill
June 17-18 Lynchburg
June 19 Liberty
June 20 Buford’s Gap
June 21 Catawba Mountains and near Salem
July 12-15 Moved to the Shenandoah Valley and assigned to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division, West Virginia
July 20 Stephenson’s Depot
July 24 Battle of Winchester
July 25 Martinsburg
August 6-November 28

Sheridan’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign

August 24 Bolivar Heights
August 26 Halltown
September 3 Berryville
September 19
Third Battle of Winchester (Battle of Opequan)
September 22
Fisher’s Hill
October 19
Battle of Cedar Creek
October 20 Duty near Kernstown
December 22 Moved to Webster, thence to Beverly, and garrison duty there
January Assigned to 1st Infantry Division, West Virginia
January 11 Rosser’s attack on Beverly. Many of regiment captured.
February 22 Regiment consolidated with 36th Ohio Infantry