United States Regiments & Batteries > Pennsylvania > Infantry

The 102nd Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 10 officers and 171 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 1 officer and 81 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.

August Organized at Pittsburg under the command of Colonel Thomas A. Rowley, Lieutenant Colonel Joseph M. Kinkead and Major John Poland.
August 21 Five Companies left State for Washington, D.C. Attached to Peck’s Brigade, Couch’s Division, Army of the Potomac for duty in the Defenses of Washington, D. C,
December 11 Lieutenant William J. Phillips died.
March Attached to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 4th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
March 10-15 Advance on Manassas, Va.
March 28 Moved to the Peninsula
April 5-May 4 Siege of Yorktown
May 5
Battle of Williamsburg

The regiment lost 3 men killed and 38 wounded. Lieutenants Charles H. Fullwood, William W. Fullwood and William R. Read and Sergeants Jacob Drum, T.A. McLaughlin and William D. Peterson were wounded.

May 20-23 Operations about Bottom Bridge
May 31-June 1
Battle of Fair Oaks, Seven Pines

The regiment lost 13 killed or mortally wounded and 48 wounded. Lieutenant William B. Kenney was mortally wounded. Colonel Rowley, Captains John W. Patterson and Thomas McLaughlin, Adjutant Joseph Browne, Lieutenant Lake Loomis and Sergeants Patrick McCabe, C.L. Minnemeyer and Samuel E. Sullivan were wounded.

June 25-July 1 Seven days before Richmond
July 1
Malvern Hill

The regiment was under fire for over 12 hours, launching an attack and then minting the position the rest of the day. It lost 10 men killed and 37 wounded. Major John Poland and Lieutenant Thomas Mooney were killed. Lieutenant William R. Read and Sergeants Marcus Baker, John Black, and Samuel Degarm were wounded.

July 3 Captain John W. Patterson of Company F was promoted to major.
July-August At Harrison’s Landing. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 4th Corps
August 16-30 Movement to Alexandria, thence to Centreville
August 30-
September 1
Cover Pope’s retreat to Fairfax Court House
September 1

The regiment supported artillery and was not engaged.

September 6-27 Maryland Campaign. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
September 16-17
Battle of Antietam

The regiment was in Pleasant Valley during the battle and did not reach the battlefield until the 18th.

September 23 – October 20 At Downsville, Md.
October 20-November 18 Movement to Stafford Court House. Attached to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 6th Army Corps
November 29 Colonel Rowley was promoted to brigadier general.
December 5 To Belle Plains
December 12-15 Battle of Fredericksburg, Va.
January 15 Joseph M. Kinkead was promoted to colonel, Major Patterson to lieutenant colonel, and Adjutant Joseph Browne to major..
January 20-24 Burnside’s 2nd Campaign, “Mud March”
February-April At Falmouth
April 27-May 6 Chancellorsville Campaign
April 29-May 2 Operations at Franklin’s Crossing
May 3
Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg

The regiment was commanded by Major Browne.

May 3-4
Salem Heights

Captain John Large was killed and sergeant John B. Devaux was mortally wounded. Lieutenant Colonel Patterson was taken prisoner and sent to Libby Prison. Lieutenant James Duncan and Sergeants William H. Ayers, William H. Ballard, James Braddock, John F. Brill, Samuel T. Bovar, James S. Clark, Simpson H. Daft, Patrick Gavin, George Gillespie, Patrick McCabe, Benjamin McGowan and Thomas Spence were wounded.

May 4
Banks’ Ford

The total loss for the Chancellorsville campaign was 12 men killed, 55 men wounded and 100 men missing.

May 16 Major Browne resigned
May 23 Lieutenant Colonel Patterson was paroled.
May 27 Colonel Kinkead resigned, facing charges of cowardice. Lieutenant Colonel Patterson was promoted to colonel.
June 1 Captain Thomas McLaughlin of Company H was promoted to major.
June 13-July 24 Gettysburg Campaign
July 2-4
Battle of Gettysburg

From the monument on the J. Weickert Farm at Gettysburg: 

July 1. The Regiment was detailed at Manchester to guard trains to Westminster. At the latter place a detachment of 3 officers and 100 men was sent to Gettysburg with the supply train and on its arrival the morning of the 3rd was posted on this line. The rest of the Regiment picketed the roads leading from Westminster to Gettysburg until the close of the battle.

The detachment of the regiment at Gettysburg was commanded by Lieutenant Robert W. Lyon and brought 103 men to the field, suffering no casualties.

July 5-24 Pursuit of Lee
August-October Duty on line of the Rappahannock
September 2 Captain William McIlwaine of Company F was promoted to lieutenant colonel/
October 9-22 Bristoe Campaign
November 7-8 Advance to line of the Rappahannock
November 7 Rappahannock Station
November 26-December 2 Mine Run Campaign
December 30 While Veterans were given furlough non-Veterans moved via Washington, by rail to Harper’s Ferry, and then marched to Halltown to surpress guerillas.
January Wheaton’s Brigade, Dept. of West Virginia
March Rejoined the Army of the Potomac at Brandy Station. Attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
May 4-June 12 Rapidan Campaign
May 5-7
Battle of the Wilderness

The regiment lost 18 men killed and 118 wounded in two days fighting up and down the Plank Road.

Colonel Patterson was shot in the head and killed. Lieutenant Jacob Drum and Sergeants Andrew Kaynes and Wesley McCabe were also killed. Captain Thomas E. Kirkbride was mortally wounded. Adjutant Alex. P. Callow, Lieutenants Benjamin Hunnewell, V. G. Greenawalt and Sergeants James M. Bryant, Persley S. Brown, William P. Brown, Samuel Degarm, Patrick Gavin, George W. Handbury, John Kaltenbaugh, Thomas B. Loughery, Patrick McCabe, Adam Shepley, William R. Weaver and William M. Whittaker were wounded.

May 8-21
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

Sergeants David Hunter, Samuel H. Hay, Samuel Mathews, and Alfred Snowburger were wounded.

May 12 Assault on the Salient
May 23-26 North Anna River
May 26-28 On line of the Pamunkey
May 28-31 Totopotomoy
June 3
Cold Harbor

Lieutenant Colonel McIlwaine was mortally wounded. Lieutenant Andrew McIlwaine and Sergeant Jordan Washington were killed. Captain Thomas McLaughlin, Lieutenants George Duff and James D. Kirk and Sergeants Reese J. Thomas, Samuel H. Hay, George W. Handbury, Alexander Somerville and James Storey were wounded.

June 7 Major Thomas McLaughlin was promoted to lieutenant colonel but not mustered.
June 17-18
First Assault on Petersburg

Sergeants Samuel H. Hay, John Storey and John E. Williams were wounded.

June 22-23 Jerusalem Plank Road
July 9-11 Moved to Washington, D. C.
July 11-12 Repulse of Early’s attack on Washington
July 14-18 Pursuit of Early to Snicker’s Gap
August – December Sheridan’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign
August 2 Captain James H. Coleman of Company G was promoted to major.
August 21-22 Charlestown
September 9 Lieutenant Colonel Thomas McLaughlin was discharged at the end of his term. Major Coleman was promoted to lieutenant colonel.
September 13 Demonstration on Gilbert’s Ford, Opequan Creek
September 18 Captain James Patchell of Company D was promoted to major.
September 19
Third Battle of Winchester (Opequan)

The regiment lost 5 men killed and 23 wounded. Sergeant Alexander Somerville was killed and Sergeant William P. Brown was mortally wounded. Sergeants John F. Brill, Patrick Gavin and James Vance were wounded.

September 21 Strasburg
September 22
Fisher’s Hill

The regiment lost 31 men wounded and 3 missing. Sergeants Thomas Megraw and Adam Shira were wounded.

October 19
Battle of Cedar Creek

The regiment lost 7 men killed and 58 wounded. Lieutenant Colonel James H. Coleman and Sergeant Edwin Anderson were killed. Sergeant Thomas Spence was mortally wounded. Major Patchell was shot in the right leg. Captains Foster Alward and W.H. Hubley, Lieutenant V. G. Greenawalt and Sergeants Thomas Megraw and Lewis White were wounded.

October-December Duty in the Shenandoah Valley
December 1 Captain James D. Kirk of Company L was promoted to major.
December 9-12 Ordered to Petersburg
December – April Siege of Petersburg
December 23 While the regiment was on furlough in Frederick, Maryland the regimental mascot, Jack, disappeared.
March 25
Fort Fisher, Petersburg

The regiment lost 1 man killed and 12 wounded in an unsuccessful counterattack on the confederate lines. Sergeants Robert B. Duncan and William R. Weaver were wounded.

March 28-April 9 Appomattox Campaign
April 2
Fall of Petersburg

Lieutenant Colonel Patchell was shot in the right hand. Lieutenant James Porter and Sergeant John Renton were also wounded.

April 3-9 Pursuit of Lee
April 9
Appomattox Court House

Surrender of Lee and his army.

April 18 Lieutenant Colonel Patchell was promoted to colonel.
April 23-27 March to Danville
May 15 Major Kirk was promoted to lieutenant colonel.
May 23-June 3 Moved to Richmond, then to Washington, D.C.
June 8 Corps Review
June 28 Mustered out