The 93rd Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 11 officers and 161 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 1 officer and 111 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored by two monuments at Gettysburg.
|September 21 – October 28||Organized at Camp Coleman in Lebanon under Colonel James M. McCarter (a Methodist clergyman and former chaplain of the 14th Pennsylvania Volunteers), Lieutenant Colonel John W. Johnston and Major John C. Osterloh. The uniforms and camp equipment for the regiment were provided by G. Dawson Coleman, a wealthy industrialist who owned a number of iron foundries.|
|November 21||Left State for Washington, D.C. for duty in the Defenses of Washington attached to Peck’s Brigade, Keyes’ Division, Army Potomac|
|December 2||Moved to near Fort Good Hope, Maryland|
|December 9||The regiment finally received its weapons, Belgian muskets of very poor quality. Over the winter they would be replaced by Harpers Ferry muskets.|
|January 22||Moved to Tanallytown.|
|March||Attached to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 4th Army Corps, Army Potomac|
|March 10-15||Advance on Manassas, Va.|
|March 26||Moved to the Peninsula|
|April 5-May 4||
Siege of Yorktown
The regiment was posted near Warwick Court House, constructing earthworks.
|May 4||Left the earthworks and marched toward Wiliamsburg. Bivouaced by the road/|
Battle of Williamsburg
This was the 93rd’s first battle. The regiment spent over three hours exchanging fire with the enemy, and most companies exhausted their ammunition. Six men were killed, including Captain Green B. Shearer. Twenty men were wounded, and Lieutenant Colonel Johnston’s horse was shot.
|May 13||Provided support for the 6th Massachusetts, who were on picket duty along the Chickahominy.|
|May 20-23||Reconnaissance to the Chickahominy and Bottom’s Bridge|
|May 31-June 1||
Battle of Fair Oaks (Seven Pines)
Eight companies were engaged. Companies A & F were on picket duty and narrowly escaped being surrounded and captured. The regiment was engaged for some time before being driven back from their position, but on several occasions during the withdrawal turned and fired on their pursuers, leaving the field in good order and with colors flying.
The 93rd lost 21 men killed, 108 wounded and 21 men missing. Lieutenant John E. Rodgers was killed. Captain Alexander Maitland was mortally wounded. Colonel McCarter, Captain Mark, and Lieutenants Ebur, Keller, and McCarter were wounded.
|June 1||Major Osterloh resigned. Captain John M. Mark of Company D was promoted to major.|
|June 25-July 1||Seven days before Richmond|
|June 27||Seven Pines|
The 93rd Pennsylvania was on the extreme right of the line under the command of Captain Long. It lost 20 men casualties.
|July-August||At Harrison’s Landing|
|July 10||Lieutenant Colonel Johnston resigned.|
|August 16-30||Movement to Alexandria, then to Centreville|
|August 30-September 1||Covered Pope’s retreat to Fairfax Court House|
The regiment supported a battery. Captain John E. Arthur of Company B was promoted to lieutenant colonel.
|September 2||Fell back with the army to Chain Bridge on the Potomac.|
|September 6-24||Maryland Campaign. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 6th Army Corps, Army Potomac|
|September 12-14||Reconnaissance to Harper’s Ferry and Sandy Hook|
The regiment was in Pleasant Valley during the battle and did not reach the battlefield until the 18th. After the battle it helped bury the dead.
|September 23-October 20||At Downsville, Md.|
|October 20-November 18||Movement to Stafford Court House; attached to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 6th Army Corps|
|November 14||Lieutenant Colonel Arthur discharged on Surgeon’s Certificate.|
|November 27||Colonel McCarter was discharged. Major John M. Mark was promoted to colonel.|
|December 5||To Belle Plains|
Battle of Fredericksburg
Crossed at the lower bridge. The regiment was again in reserve and suffered no losses.
|January 20-24||Burnside’s second Campaign, “Mud March”|
|March 12||Colonel Mark resigned. Colonel McCarter was reinstated as colonel.|
|April 1||Captain John F. Nevin was promoted to major.|
|April 27-May 6||Chancellorsville Campaign|
|April 29-May 2||Operations at Franklin’s Crossing, The regiment crossed the Rappahannock on May 2.|
Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg
Salem Heights, Banks Ford
In the two days of fighting the 93rd lost six men killed, including Lieutenants William Boltz and Washington Drua, 44 men wounded, and 21 men missing.
|May 18||Moved to camp north of Falmouth|
|June 8-9||Crossed the Rappahannock and was posted at earthworks defending the crossing while Union cavalry crossed the river and fought the Battle of Brandy Station.|
|June 13-July 24||Gettysburg Campaign|
|July 1||The 93rd Pennsylvania was at Manchester, Maryland when it received news of the fighting at Gettysburg at 8 in the evening. The regiment led the 6th Corps in a 37 mile march in 19 hours to reach the battlefield on the evening of July 2 as Longstreet’s attack threatened Little Round Top.|
The regiment was commanded by Major John I. Nevin. Colonel McCarter was present on the battlefield but too ill to command. It brought 270 men to the battlefield, losing ten wounded, one of whom was mortal, and capturing 25 Confederates.
From the Wheatfield Avenue monument:
After charging with the Brigade from the right of Little Round Top in the evening of July 2nd and assisting in the repulse of the enemy and in the capture of a number of prisoners, the Regiment retired to and held this position until after the close of the battle.
Present at Gettysburg 270 officers and men. Loss 1 officer and 9 men (1 mortally) wounded.
From the Sedgwick Road monument:
93rd Regiment Penn. Volunteers formed line of battle at this point under the immediate direction of Maj. Gen. John Sedgwick, commander of the 6th Corps evening of July 2, 1863 and advanced against the enemy taking the position indicated by the monument at the foot of this hill where it remained until the close of battle.
|July 5-24||Pursuit of Lee|
|August-October||Duty on the line of the Rappahannock|
|August 19||Colonel McCarter resigned.|
|September 2||Captain John S. Long of Company F was promoted to lieutenant colonel.|
|October 9-22||Bristoe Campaign|
|November 7-8||Advance to line of the Rappahannock|
|November 7||Rappahannock Station|
|November 26-December 2||Mine Run Campaign|
|January||Wheaton’s Brigade, Dept. West Virginia|
|February-May||Duty at Brandy Station. The 93rd Pennsylvania qualified as a Veteran Volunteer Regiment when 284 of the 380 men reenlisted for the duration of the war.|
|February 7||Re-enlisted Veterans left on a 30 day furlough for Lebanon, where they were welcomed with a parade and a great banquet.|
|March 10||Veterans returned from furlough.|
|March||Attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 6th Army Corps, Army Potomac. The regiment exchanged their smoothbore muskets for Springfield rifle-muskets.|
|May 4-June 12||
The 93rd Pennsylvania started the campaign with a little over 750 men.
|May 4||The 93rd Pennsylvania crossed the Rapidan River at Germanna Ford and marched 25 miles to near Wilderness Tavern.|
The 93rd and the 139th Pennsylvania formed at the intersection of Brock and Plank Roads to stop a Confederate advance. It became the center of the Union battle line in the area and the scene of hand to hand fighting. The 2nd Corps eventually took over the position, but the regiment was permitted only a short rest to bolster the battered 2nd Corps.
In the morning the Union launched a dawn attack which came close to breaking the Confederate line until it was thrown back by a desperate attack by the Texas Brigade. The Union line was thrown back to its starting point but held Brock Road. The two days fighting cost the regiment 18 men killed and 144 wounded. Major Nevin was wounded, Sergeant Major E.W.H. Stambach was killed, and 5 company commanders were among the casualties.
|May 7||Advance toward Spotsylvania Court House|
The regiment was took part in three assaults on Confederate earthworks on May 10 and 18 as well as supporting the attack on the “Mule Shoe” on the 12th. The 93rd lost 4 officers and 73 men killed or wounded on the 12th alone, with an addition 52 killed or wounded in the rest of the battle. Captain Richard Rogers of Company C was among the killed at the “Mule Shoe.”
|May 12||Assault on the Salient (the “Mule Shoe”)|
|May 23-26||North Anna River|
|May 26-28||On line of the Pamunkey|
The regiment was assigned to guard the supply trains during most of the battle and escaped the blood bath. This was the final battle of the Overland Campaign.
By June 12 the 93rd Pennsylvania could muster only 325 men. Fifteen officers and 310 enlisted men had been killed or wounded and another 95 disabled by sickness or accident in the four weeks of the campaign. Only nine men had been lost as prisoners, all forced to have been left badly wounded on the battlefield. The regimental history states that during this time the regiment marched 350 miles, including 26 night marches. There were only five days that the regiment was not under fire.
Siege of Petersburg begins. Captain Jacob Embitch of Company A was killed and five enlisted men were wounded.
Jerusalem Plank Road
The regiment lost 13 casualties in support of an attack by the 3rd Division.
|July 9-11||Left the front for City Point and moved by ship to Washington. D.C.|
|July 11-12||Defense of Fort Washington against Early’s attack|
|July 14-18||Pursuit to Snicker’s Gap|
|August – December||Sheridan’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign; attached to Army of the Shenandoah|
|September 13||Demonstration on Gilbert’s Ford, Opequan Creek|
Third Battle of Winchester (Opequan)
The 93rd Pennsylvania lost 11 men killed, 32 wounded and 5 missing.
The regiment captured six cannon with the loss of 12 wounded. One of the wounded was color bearer William Smith, who planted the colors on a Confederate cannon before losing both legs.
|September 24||Major Nevin was commissioned lieutenant colonel but was never mustered.|
|October||Major Nevin recruited 180 men in Pittsburg. Badly reduced Company G was broken up and distributed among the other companies and the new recruits were used to create a new Company G under Captain Kuhn.|
The 93rd Pennsylvania was positioned on the right flank of General Getty’s defensive line on the high ground at Middleburg Cemetery. The division put up a successful defense for long enough before pulling back to take the energy out of the Confederate attacks and allow the rest of the Union army time to start reforming. The regiment then took part in the overwhelming Union counterattack at the end of the day.
Captain Charles Eckman and Captain Penrose Mark, the author of the 93rd’s unit history, were wounded at Cedar Creek.
|October-December||Duty in the Shenandoah Valley|
|October 27||Lieutenant Colonel Long and Major Nevin mustered out on the expiration of their terms of service. About 100 men who had not reenlisted as Veterans also mustered out.|
|Early November||The regiment was sent to Philadelphia to prevent rioting during the presidential elections.|
|November 22||Captain David C. Keller of Company K was promoted to major|
|November 27||Captain Charles W. Eckman of Company H was promoted to lieutenant colonel.|
|December 9-12||Returned to Petersburg and rejoined the Siege.|
|December 16||Lieutenant Colonel Eckman was promoted to colonel.|
|January 23||Major Keller was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain John Fritz of Company B was promoted to major.|
|February 5-7||Dabney’s Mills, Hatcher’s Run|
Fort Fisher, Petersburg
The regiment lost 15 killed and 136 wounded in an assault. Lt. Colonel Keller and Major Fritz were wounded and Captain George W. Meilinger was killed.
|March 28-April 9||Appomattox Campaign|
Assault on and fall of Petersburg
The regiment, under the command of Captain Frank Hean, took part in a charge which broke the Confederate lines near Fort Fisher. Color Sergeant Charles Marquette was awarded the Medal of Honor for placing the national colors on the enemy lines even after he had impaled his thigh on a sharpened stake. The 93rd continued on to capture a four gun battery around Lee’s headquarters and finally halted at darkness on the outskirts of Petersburg. The regiment lost two men killed and 31 wounded.
|April 3-9||Pursuit of Lee|
Appomattox Court House
Surrender of Lee and his army.
|April 23-27||Forced March to Danville to cooperate with Sherman’s army.|
|May 23-June 3||Moved to Richmond, Va., then to Washington. D.C.|
|June 8||Corps Review|
|June 27||Mustered out under Colonel Eckman, Lieutenant Colonel Keller and Major Fritz|