United States Regiments & Batteries > Pennsylvania

The 93rd Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 11 officers and 161 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 1 officer and 111 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored by two monuments at Gettysburg.

September 21 – October 28 Organized at Camp Coleman in Lebanon under Colonel James M. McCarter (a Methodist clergyman and former chaplain of the 14th Pennsylvania Volunteers), Lieutenant Colonel John W. Johnston and Major John C. Osterloh. The uniforms and camp equipment for the regiment were provided by G. Dawson Coleman, a wealthy industrialist who owned a number of iron foundries.
November 21 Left State for Washington, D.C. for duty in the Defenses of Washington attached to Peck’s Brigade, Keyes’ Division, Army Potomac
December 2 Moved to near Fort Good Hope, Maryland
December 9 The regiment finally received its weapons, Belgian muskets of very poor quality. Over the winter they would be replaced by Harpers Ferry muskets.
January 22 Moved to Tanallytown.
March Attached to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 4th Army Corps, Army Potomac
March 10-15 Advance on Manassas, Va.
March 26 Moved to the Peninsula
April 5-May 4
Siege of Yorktown

The regiment was posted near Warwick Court House, constructing earthworks.

May 4 Left the earthworks and marched toward Wiliamsburg. Bivouaced by the road/
May 5
Battle of Williamsburg

This was the 93rd’s first battle. The regiment spent over three hours exchanging fire with the enemy, and most companies exhausted their ammunition. Six men were killed, including Captain Green B. Shearer. Twenty men were wounded, and Lieutenant Colonel Johnston’s horse was shot.

May 13 Provided support for the 6th Massachusetts, who were on picket duty along the Chickahominy.
May 20-23 Reconnaissance to the Chickahominy and Bottom’s Bridge
May 31-June 1
Battle of Fair Oaks (Seven Pines)

Eight companies were engaged. Companies A & F were on picket duty and narrowly escaped being surrounded and captured. The regiment was engaged for some time before being driven back from their position, but on several occasions during the withdrawal turned and fired on their pursuers, leaving the field in good order and with colors flying.

The 93rd lost 21 men killed, 108 wounded and 21 men missing. Lieutenant John E. Rodgers was killed. Captain Alexander Maitland was mortally wounded. Colonel McCarter, Captain Mark, and Lieutenants Ebur, Keller, and McCarter were wounded.

June 1 Major Osterloh resigned. Captain John M. Mark of Company D was promoted to major.
June 25-July 1 Seven days before Richmond
June 27 Seven Pines
July 1
Malvern Hill

The 93rd Pennsylvania was on the extreme right of the line under the command of Captain Long. It lost 20 men casualties.

July-August At Harrison’s Landing
July 10 Lieutenant Colonel Johnston resigned.
August 16-30 Movement to Alexandria, then to Centreville
August 30-September 1 Covered Pope’s retreat to Fairfax Court House
September 1

The regiment supported a battery. Captain John E. Arthur of Company B was promoted to lieutenant colonel.

September 2 Fell back with the army to Chain Bridge on the Potomac.
September 6-24 Maryland Campaign. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 6th Army Corps, Army Potomac
September 12-14 Reconnaissance to Harper’s Ferry and Sandy Hook
September 16-17
Battle of Antietam

The regiment was in Pleasant Valley during the battle and did not reach the battlefield until the 18th. After the battle it helped bury the dead.

September 23-October 20 At Downsville, Md.
October 20-November 18 Movement to Stafford Court House; attached to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 6th Army Corps
November 14 Lieutenant Colonel Arthur discharged on Surgeon’s Certificate.
November 27 Colonel McCarter was discharged. Major John M. Mark was promoted to colonel.
December 5 To Belle Plains
December 12-15
Battle of Fredericksburg

Crossed at the lower bridge. The regiment was again in reserve and suffered no losses.

January 20-24 Burnside’s second Campaign, “Mud March”
February-April At Falmouth
March 12 Colonel Mark resigned. Colonel McCarter was reinstated as colonel.
April 1 Captain John F. Nevin was promoted to major.
April 27-May 6 Chancellorsville Campaign
April 29-May 2 Operations at Franklin’s Crossing, The regiment crossed the Rappahannock on May 2.
May 3
Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg
May 3-4
Salem Heights, Banks Ford

In the two days of fighting the 93rd lost six men killed, including Lieutenants William Boltz and Washington Drua, 44 men wounded, and 21 men missing.

May 18 Moved to camp north of Falmouth
June 8-9 Crossed the Rappahannock and was posted at earthworks defending the crossing while Union cavalry crossed the river and fought the Battle of Brandy Station.
June 13-July 24 Gettysburg Campaign
July 1 The 93rd Pennsylvania was at Manchester, Maryland when it received news of the fighting at Gettysburg at 8 in the evening. The regiment led the 6th Corps in a 37 mile march in 19 hours to reach the battlefield on the evening of July 2 as Longstreet’s attack threatened Little Round Top.
July 2-4
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Major John I. Nevin. Colonel McCarter was present on the battlefield but too ill to command. It brought 270 men to the battlefield, losing ten wounded, one of whom was mortal, and capturing 25 Confederates.

From the Wheatfield Avenue monument:

After charging with the Brigade from the right of Little Round Top in the evening of July 2nd and assisting in the repulse of the enemy and in the capture of a number of prisoners, the Regiment retired to and held this position until after the close of the battle.

Present at Gettysburg 270 officers and men. Loss 1 officer and 9 men (1 mortally) wounded.

From the Sedgwick Road monument:

93rd Regiment Penn. Volunteers formed line of battle at this point under the immediate direction of Maj. Gen. John Sedgwick, commander of the 6th Corps evening of July 2, 1863 and advanced against the enemy taking the position indicated by the monument at the foot of this hill where it remained until the close of battle.

July 5-24 Pursuit of Lee
August-October Duty on the line of the Rappahannock
August 19 Colonel McCarter resigned.
September 2 Captain John S. Long of Company F was promoted to lieutenant colonel.
October 9-22 Bristoe Campaign
November 7-8 Advance to line of the Rappahannock
November 7 Rappahannock Station
November 26-December 2 Mine Run Campaign
January Wheaton’s Brigade, Dept. West Virginia
February-May Duty at Brandy Station. The 93rd Pennsylvania qualified as a Veteran Volunteer Regiment when 284 of the 380 men reenlisted for the duration of the war.
February 7 Re-enlisted Veterans left on a 30 day furlough for Lebanon, where they were welcomed with a parade and a great banquet.
March 10 Veterans returned from furlough.
March Attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 6th Army Corps, Army Potomac. The regiment exchanged their smoothbore muskets for Springfield rifle-muskets.
May 4-June 12
Overland Campaign

The 93rd Pennsylvania started the campaign with a little over 750 men.

May 4 The 93rd Pennsylvania crossed the Rapidan River at Germanna Ford and marched 25 miles to near Wilderness Tavern.
May 5-6
Battle of the Wilderness

The 93rd and the 139th Pennsylvania formed at the intersection of Brock and Plank Roads to stop a Confederate advance. It became the center of the Union battle line in the area and the scene of hand to hand fighting. The 2nd Corps eventually took over the position, but the regiment was permitted only a short rest to bolster the battered 2nd Corps.

In the morning the Union launched a dawn attack which came close to breaking the Confederate line until it was thrown back by a desperate attack by the Texas Brigade. The Union line was thrown back to its starting point but held Brock Road. The two days fighting cost the regiment 18 men killed and 144 wounded. Major Nevin was wounded, Sergeant Major E.W.H. Stambach was killed, and 5 company commanders were among the casualties.

May 7 Advance toward Spotsylvania Court House
May 8-21
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

The regiment was took part in three assaults on Confederate earthworks on May 10 and 18 as well as supporting the attack on the “Mule Shoe” on the 12th. The 93rd lost 4 officers and 73 men killed or wounded on the 12th alone, with an addition 52 killed or wounded in the rest of the battle. Captain Richard Rogers of Company C was among the killed at the “Mule Shoe.”

May 12 Assault on the Salient (the “Mule Shoe”)
May 23-26 North Anna River
May 26-28 On line of the Pamunkey
May 28-31 Totopotomoy
June 1-12
Battle of Cold Harbor

The regiment was assigned to guard the supply trains during most of the battle and escaped the blood bath. This was the final battle of the Overland Campaign.

By June 12 the 93rd Pennsylvania could muster only 325 men. Fifteen officers and 310 enlisted men had been killed or wounded and another 95 disabled by sickness or accident in the four weeks of the campaign. Only nine men had been lost as prisoners, all forced to have been left badly wounded on the battlefield. The regimental history states that during this time the regiment marched 350 miles, including 26 night marches. There were only five days that the regiment was not under fire.

June 17-18
First Assault on Petersburg

Siege of Petersburg begins. Captain Jacob Embitch of Company A was killed and five enlisted men were wounded.

June 22-23
Jerusalem Plank Road

The regiment lost 13 casualties in support of an attack by the 3rd Division.

July 9-11 Left the front for City Point and moved by ship to Washington. D.C.
July 11-12 Defense of Fort Washington against Early’s attack
July 14-18 Pursuit to Snicker’s Gap
August – December Sheridan’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign; attached to Army of the Shenandoah
August 21-22 Charlestown
September 13 Demonstration on Gilbert’s Ford, Opequan Creek
September 19
Third Battle of Winchester (Opequan)

The 93rd Pennsylvania lost 11 men killed, 32 wounded and 5 missing.

September 21 Strasburg
September 22
Fisher’s Hill

The regiment captured six cannon with the loss of 12 wounded. One of the wounded was color bearer William Smith, who planted the colors on a Confederate cannon before losing both legs.

September 24 Major Nevin was commissioned lieutenant colonel but was never mustered.
October Major Nevin recruited 180 men in Pittsburg. Badly reduced Company G was broken up and distributed among the other companies and the new recruits were used to create a new Company G under Captain Kuhn.
October 19
Battle of Cedar Creek

The 93rd Pennsylvania was positioned on the right flank of General Getty’s defensive line on the high ground at Middleburg Cemetery. The division put up a successful defense for long enough before pulling back to take the energy out of the Confederate attacks and allow the rest of the Union army time to start reforming. The regiment then took part in the overwhelming Union counterattack at the end of the day.

Captain Charles Eckman and Captain Penrose Mark, the author of the 93rd’s unit history, were wounded at Cedar Creek.

October-December Duty in the Shenandoah Valley
October 27 Lieutenant Colonel Long and Major Nevin mustered out on the expiration of their terms of service. About 100 men who had not reenlisted as Veterans also mustered out.
Early November The regiment was sent to Philadelphia to prevent rioting during the presidential elections.
November 22 Captain David C. Keller of Company K was promoted to major
November 27 Captain Charles W. Eckman of Company H was promoted to lieutenant colonel.
December 9-12 Returned to Petersburg and rejoined the Siege.
December 16 Lieutenant Colonel Eckman was promoted to colonel.
January 23 Major Keller was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain John Fritz of Company B was promoted to major.
February 5-7 Dabney’s Mills, Hatcher’s Run
March 25
Fort Fisher, Petersburg

The regiment lost 15 killed and 136 wounded in an assault. Lt. Colonel Keller and Major Fritz were wounded and Captain George W. Meilinger was killed.

March 28-April 9 Appomattox Campaign
April 2
Assault on and fall of Petersburg

The regiment, under the command of Captain Frank Hean, took part in a charge which broke the Confederate lines near Fort Fisher. Color Sergeant Charles Marquette was awarded the Medal of Honor for placing the national colors on the enemy lines even after he had impaled his thigh on a sharpened stake. The 93rd continued on to capture a four gun battery around Lee’s headquarters and finally halted at darkness on the outskirts of Petersburg. The regiment lost two men killed and 31 wounded.

April 3-9 Pursuit of Lee
April 9
Appomattox Court House

Surrender of Lee and his army.

April 23-27 Forced March to Danville to cooperate with Sherman’s army.
May 23-June 3 Moved to Richmond, Va., then to Washington. D.C.
June 8 Corps Review
June 27 Mustered out under Colonel Eckman, Lieutenant Colonel Keller and Major Fritz