United States Regiments & Batteries > U.S. Regulars

The 7th United States Infantry Regiment lost 2 officers and 50 enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 3 officers and 56 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. The regiment is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.

Originally formed in January of 1812 as the 8th United States Infantry, it was consolidated with the 24th and 39th Regiments in late 1815 to form the 7th United States Infantry. It is still in service today, one of five oldest continuously serving regiments in the United States Army. It has served in 76 campaigns in 12 wars, more than any other U.S. Infantry regiment.

The regiment earned its nickname, “The Cottonbalers,” at the Battle of New Orleans in 1815.

January In New Mexico
July 25 Concentrated at Fort Fillmore. Action at Mesilla
July 27 Evacuation of Fort Fillmore
July 27
St. Augustine Springs

Seven companies (A, B, D, E, G, I and K) were surrendered by Major Lynde. Paroled and moved to Fort Union, then ordered to Jefferson Barracks, Mo.

February 21 Companies C, F, H at Valverde, N.M.
September 30 The seven surrendered companies were exchanged and ordered to join the Army of the Potomac. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps, Army Potomac
November 3 Snicker’s Gap, Va.
December 12-15
Battle of Fredericksburg
January 20-24 “Mud March”
April 27-May 6 Chancellorsville Campaign
May 1-5
Battle of Chancellorsville
June 11-July 24 Gettysburg Campaign
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

Four companies of the regiment (A, B, E and I, 153 men) were on the field, commanded by Captain David P. Hancock.

From the monument on Houck’s Ridge at Gettysburg:

July 2 Arrived in the morning and took position with the Brigade on the right of the Twelfth Corps. Later moved with the Brigade to the left and at 5 p.m. formed line on the right of Little Round Top. Advanced across Plum Run and to the crest of the rocky wooded hill in front near the Wheatfield and facing to the left occupied the stone wall on the edge of the woods. The Confederates having opened fire on the right flank and advanced through the Wheatfield in the rear the Brigade was withdrawn under a deadly fire of musketry on both flanks and on the rear and of shot and shell from the batteries and formed in line on the right of Little Round Top.

July 3 Remained in the same position.

July 4 Advanced nearly a mile in support of a skirmish line of the Twelfth and Fourteenth Infantry

Casualties: killed 1 officer and 11 men; wounded 3 offices and 42 men; missing 2 men

July 5-24 Pursuit of Lee
August 14 Moved to New York and attached to Dept. of the East
May Moved to Florida