Confederate Regiments & Batteries > Georgia


1861
May Formed in Richmond from independent Georgia companies
June 1 The regiment was organised at Camp Georgia, near Fairfield Racecourse, opposite Howard’s Grove, on the Mechanicsville Turnpike outside Richmond, Virginia. It was under the command of Colonel Francis S. Bartow, Lieutenant Colonel William M. Gardner (USMA 1846), and Major T.L. Cooper.
June 5 – 6 Moved by rail on the Virginia Central Railroad, leaving Richmond at 1:30 p.m. for Gordonsville, then by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Manassas Junction, arriving at 1 a.m. The regiment then moved by rail at 2 p.m. on the Manassas Gap Railroad for Strasburg, arriving at 7 p.m. They then marched down the Valley Pike to Winchester.
June 9 Moved by rail on the Winchester & Potomac Railroad to Harpers Ferry.
June 15 The regiment’s sick were moved by rail to Winchester.
June 15
Evacuation of Harpers Ferry

Marched to Camp Johnston, near Bull Skin Run, between Charlestown and Winchester,

June 16 Marched to Bunker Hill
June 17 Marched to Camp Defiance at Stephenson’s Depot near Winchester. Colonel Barton took command of the 2nd Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah as senior colonel. Lieutenant Colonel Gardner took command of the regiment.
June 26 Marched to Hollingsworth Grove southeast of Winchester.
July 18-20 Ordered to Manassas. Marched at 1 p.m. via the Millwood Turnpike, Berry’s Ferry and Ashby’s Gap to Piedmont Station, arriving 11 p.m. the next day. The regiment then moved by rail on the Manassas Gap Railroad to Manassas Junction, leaving at 9 p.m. on the 19th and arriving at 6 a.m. on the 20th. The regiment then marched to the rear of the army between McLean’s and Blackburn’s Fords, on Bull Run.
July 21
Battle of Manassas

Colonel Bartow took command of the brigade as senior colonel and Lieutenant Colonel Gardner commanded the regiment. The 8th Georgia began the battle stationed at the rear of McLean’s and Blackburn’s Fords, on Bull Run. It suffered heavy casualties. Colonel Bartow was killed and Lieutenant Colonel Gardner was wounded in the leg. Lieutenant Colonel Gardner was promoted to colonel after the battle but his wound, at one time believed fatal, prevented him from returning to field service. Major Cooper was promoted to lieutenant colonel.

The 8th Georgia is referenced by a trailside marker on Matthews Hill on the Manassas battlefield.

July 22 Stationed at Camp Victory, commanded by Colonel J.H. Forney of the 10th Alabama, senior colonel of the brigade.
July 31 Ordered to Camp Bartow at Smith’s Farm, 2 1/2 miles east of Manassas Junction.
September 25 The 8th Georgia was assigned to the Second Brigade of Major General G. W. Smith’s Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General S. A. M. Jones by General Orders No. 31.
November 14 Colonel Gardner was promoted to brigadier general.  Lucius M. Lamar was promoted to colonel and Captain John R. Towers of Company E was promoted to lieutenant colonel.
1862
June 25-July 1
Seven Days Battles

The 8th Georgia was commanded by Colonel Lucius M. Lamar until he was wounded and captured, then by Captain George O. Dawson

August 28-30
Second Battle of Manassas

The regiment was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel John R. Towers.

August 28-30
Maryland Campaign

Lieutenant Colonel Towers was promoted to colonel, Major Magruder was promoted to lieutenant colonel

September 17
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)

The regiment was commanded by Colonel John R. Towers. Ensign S.B. Barnwell was killed.

From the first of two War Department markers on G.T. Anderson’s Brigade on the Antietam battlefield:

Anderson’s Brigade was bivouacked on either side of the road at this point on the night of September 15, 1862 with skirmishers thrown forward near the Antietam. On the 16th its skirmishers were engaged with those of the Fourth United States Infantry. It remained in this position until the morning of the 17th, when it moved by the left through the ravine and Piper’s cornfield to the Bloody Lane near Roulette’s.

From the second War Department marker on G.T. Anderson’s Brigade at Antietam near the Sunken Road:

On the night of September 16, 1862, Anderson’s Brigade bivouacked on either side of the Boonsboro Turnpike near the end of the Sunken Road. On the morning of the 17th it advanced by the way of the ravine and Piper’s cornfield to and beyond this point, but being forced back, formed line a few feet north of this on the right of Rodes’ Brigade. It withstood several charges of Richardson’s Division, Sumner’s Corps, but shortly after noon, was compelled to retire in the direction of Sharpsburg. It reformed on the Hagerstown Pike, southwest of Piper’s House, and assisted in checking the Federal advance in that direction.

December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg

The regiment was commanded by Colonel John R. Towers.

1863
May Assigned to George T. Anderson’s Brigade, Hood’s Division, Longstreet’s First Corps
April-May
Sufolk Campaign
July 2 & 3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Colonel John R. Towers and brought 312 men to the field. It lost 35 men killed, 108 wounded and 29 missing in fighting around The Wheatfield. Lieutenant Ben Gilham was killed, Captain Ballard and Lieutenant J.C. Reid were wounded, and First Lieutenant Sandford W. Branch was wounded and captured on July 4.

From the War Department marker for G. T. Anderson’s Brigade at Gettysburg:

July 2. Reached the field about 4 P. M. and formed line. The 7th Regiment was sent southward to watch the Union Cavalry. The others charged into the woods south of Wheatfield and dislodged the Union line from the stone fence. Being outflanked on left retired to crest of Rose Hill. Reinforced by parts of other Brigades they again advanced. The brigades advanced a third time and after a struggle occupied the woodland to its border in Plum Run Valley.

July 3. The Brigade was sent down Emmitsburg Road and assisted in repulsing and holding in check Union cavalry which sought to flank the division

July 4. Assisted in constructing works to protect the flank.

July 5. About 5 a.m. began the march to Hagerstown, Md.

July 13-14 Recrossed the Potomac on the return to Virginia.
September Transferred with Hood’s Division to the Army of East Tennessee.
September 19
Battle of Chickamauga
September-November
Siege of Chattanooga
November
Siege of Knoxville
December 5 Withdrew from Knoxville to the northeast.
December 6 To Rutledge.
December 9 To Rogersville.
December 14
Bean’s Station
1864
April Returned to Virginia and assigned to G.T. Anderson’s Brigade, Field’s Division, First Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
May 5-6
Battle of the Wilderness

Brigadier General Benning was wounded in the shoulder on May 5. Colonel Du Bose of the 15th Georgia took command of the brigade.

May 12-21
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
June 3
Battle of Cold Harbor
September 29-30
Battle of Chaffin’s Farm
1865
April 9
Appomattox Court House

The 14 officers and 139 enlisted men.