Confederate Regiments & Batteries * Louisiana

1,474 men enrolled in the 9th Louisiana Infantry Regiment during the Civil War. 233 were killed, 349 died of disease, and 4 died accidental deaths. This was the highest casualty rate of any Louisiana unit in the Army of Northern Virginia. Over 115 men deserted during the war, and 25 swore the Oath of Allegiance to the United States.

July 6 Sworn in to Confederate service at Camp Moore, Louisiana under Colonel Richard Taylor, Lt. Colonel Edward G. Randolph and Major N.J. Walker. Four companies were sworn in for 12 months and six companies for the duration of the war.
July The regiment was orderd to the Eastern Theater
July 21 Arrived at Manassas too late to be engaged in the battle. The regiment was brigaded with the 6th, 7th and 8th Louisiana Infantry Regiments and Wheat’s Battalion and was assigned to Ewell’s Division.
August Went into camp at Camp Florida, near Centreville, Virginia. Measles, mumps and typhoid fever contributed to the regiment’s high death toll from disease.
October 21 The brigade was assigned to E.K. Smith’s Division under the command of Brigadier General William H.T. Walker.
October 29 Brigadier General Walker resigned and Colonel Richard Taylor was promoted to brigadier general and given command of the division.
April 12 Company K captured at Huntsville, Alabama. The company was exchanged but was attached to the 12th Louisiana.
April 24 The regiment reorganized for the duration of the war. Colonel Randolph, Lt. Colonel Walker and Major Kavanaugh were removed. Captain Leroy A. Stafford of company B was elected colonel, Captain William R. Peck of Company E lieutenant colonel and Captain Henry L.N. Williams of Company F major.
Shenandoah Valley Campaign

Attached to Taylor’s Louisiana Brigade of Ewell’s Division, which joined Jackson’s Army of the Valley in the Shenandoah.

May 23
Battle of Front Royal

The regiment’s baptism of fire

May 24 Middletown
May 25
First Battle of Winchester
May 30
Second Battle of Front Royal
June 1 Mount Carmel
June 8
Battle of Cross Keys
June 9
Battle of Port Republic
June 27
Battle of Cold Harbor (Gaines’ Mills)

Colonel Stafford took command of the brigade after Colonel Issac Seymour was killed (General Taylor was on sick leave)

July 1
Battle of Malvern Hill
July 26 The regiment was transferred to the newly-formed 2nd Louisiana Brigade with the 1st, 2nd, 10th and 15th Louisiana Infantry Regiments under Brigadier General William E. Starke, which was briefly attached to A.P. Hill’s Division.
Early August The regiment, with Starke’s Louisiana Brigade, was transferred to Jackson’s Division
August 9
Battle of Cedar Mountain
August 26
Battle of Bristoe Station
August 28-30
Battle of Manassas (Bull Run)

The regiment ran out of ammunition and resorted to throwing rocks at attacking Union soldiers while defending the Unfinished Railroad. It is referenced on a trailside marker on the Deep Cut loop trail on the Manassas battlefield.

September 1
Battle of Chantilly

It was rumored that a soldier from Company D killed Union General Kearney

September 15
Siege and Capture of Harpers Ferry
September 17
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)

Colonel Stafford took command of the brigade when General Starke was killed, and Lt. Colonel W.R. Peck took over the regiment. Captain Rhydon Grigsby of Company A was killed.

From the War Department marker for the brigade on the Sharpsburg battlefield:

On the evening of September 16, Starke’s Brigade formed line perpendicular to this road on the left of Taliaferro. When the Brigades of Jones and Winder were forced back on the morning of the 17th, this Brigade advanced with Taliaferro’s and the rallied Brigades, but was driven back. Supported by Early’s Brigade it again advanced, but was obliged to retire and reformed, with its Division, beyond the West Woods, where it supported the assault of McLaws’ Division on Sedgwick’s Division of Sumner’s Corps. During the engagement, General Starke was killed and the command devolved upon Colonel L. A. Stafford of the 9th Louisiana.

October 5 The 9th Louisiana was transferred to Brigadier General Harry Hays’ 1st Louisiana Brigade, exchanging for the 14th Louisiana
October Company K was transferred to the 12th Louisiana Infantry to become its Company M
December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg

The regiment was in reserve, but lost 12 men to artillery fire.

May 1-4 Chancellorsville Campaign
May 3
Marye’s Heights

Captain Grove Cook of Company H mortally wounded

May 4
Salem Church, Second Fredericksburg

Major Williams was captured and Captain W.T. Cummunings of Company B was killed.

June-July Gettysburg Campaign
June 13
Second Battle of Winchester

Hay’s Brigade circled around the west side of Winchester and assaulted the Star Fort on the northwest side of town. The 6th, 7th and 9th were in the front line with the 5th and 8th in support as the brigade stormed the fort, capturing its artillery and driving off the defenders. The regimental color bearer, James Stewart, was killed at the abatis of the fort.

July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Leroy A. Stafford and brought 347 men to the field. It lost 19 men killed, 35 wounded and 19 captured. Lieutenant R.T. Crawford was killed on July 2nd and Major Williams was killed on July 3rd. Captain John J. Hodges of Company D was promoted to major

September 17 Raccoon Ford
October 8 Colonel Stafford was promoted to brigadier general and given command of the 2nd Louisiana Brigade. Lt. Colonel William R. Peck was promoted to colonel, Major Hodges to lieutenant colonel and Captain Alfred Singletary of Company G to major.
Bristoe Campaign
October 8 Major Hodges was promoted to lieutenant colonel.
November 7
Battle of Rapahannock Station

The regiment was part of two brigades defending a bridgehead on the north bank of the Rappahannock River that was overrun in a rare night attack by the Union 6th corps. Over 1,600 Confederate prisoners were taken from the eight understrength regiments defending the bridgehead, with only a few men swimming across the river at their backs. Of the 1200 men of Hays’ Louisiana Brigade, 699 were captured.

November 29 Captain A.C. Bringhurst of Company C died
Mine Run Campaign
March 500 of the 699 men from the brigade captured at Rappahannock Station were exchanged and returned to duty
May 5
Battle of the WIlderness

Brigadier General Stafford was mortally wounded, dying in Richmond on May 8th

May 8 The 1st and 2nd Louisiana Brigades were consolidated into one brigade under General Harry T. Hays with a strength of a little under 1,000 men
May 12
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

The Louisiana Brigade fought at the Mule Shoe for 16 hours before being allowed to fall back.

May 25 Hanover Junction
June 1-3
Battle of Cold Harbor
June 1864
Early’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign

Assigned to Hays’ Brigade (Colonel William R. Peck commanding) of Brigadier General Zebulon York’s Consolidated Louisiana Brigade in Gordon’s Division of the Army of the Valley

July 9
Battle of Monocacy

Commanded by Lieutenant Colonel John J. Hodges. Captain William F.T. Bennett was killed, Lieutenant Colonel Hodges was wounded and captured and the regiment lost four color bearers.

July 18 Captain R. Allen Pierson of Company C killed
July 24 Second Battle of Kernstown
August 25 Battle of Shepherdstown
August 29 Battle of Smithfield
September 19
Third Battle of Winchester

The Louisiana Brigade suffered 154 casualties

September 22
Battle of Fisher’s Hill

Captain J.D. Workman of Company B killed

October 19
Battle of Cedar Creek
October The ten regiments of the Louisiana brigade were reorganized as a battalion of six companies with less than 500 men, although it would continue to be referred to as a brigade. Colonel Raine Peck (at 6’3″ and 300 pounds known as “Big Peck”) was given command of the brigade.
November 16 Lieutenant Colonel Hodges was exchanged and returned to Louisiana to recover from is wound.
December The regiment left the Army of the Valley but returned to the Petersburg defences with the remnants of the Second Corps
Siege of Petersburg
February 5-7
Battle of Hatcher’s Run
February 18 Colonel Peck promoted to brigadier general and transferred to the Western Theater. Colonel Eugene Waggaman of the 10th Louisiana Infantry was given command of the brigade of 400 men
March 25
Fort Stedman
April 2 Final Assault at Petersburg. The Louisiana Brigade was the rearguard of the army.
April 6 Sayler’s Creek
April 9
Appomattox Court House

Surrendered 4 officers and 64 enlisted men. The entire brigade only had 373 men.