The Alleghany (Virginia) Artillery, also known as Carpenter’s Battery, lost 46 men killed and 124 men badly wounded in the course of the Civil War.
|November||Organized from Company A, 27th Virginia Infantry Regiment, under Captain Joseph Carpenter. The First Lieutenant was John Carpenter, the Captain’s younger brother. Assigned to Artillery,Valley District, Department of Northern Virginia, they were armed with six iron 6-pounders from the Tredegar Iron Works and consisted of around 80 men.|
|March||Attached to Stonewall Brigade, Valley District, Army of Northern Virginia|
|May-June||Shenandoah Valley Campaign. Assigned to Artillery Battalion, Jackson’s Division, Valley District, Department of Northern Virginia|
|June-July||Assigned to Stonewall Brigade, Jackson’s Division, Jackson’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia|
|June 25 – July 1||
Seven Days battles
White Oak Swamp
|August||Assigned to Artillery Battalion, Jackson’s Division, Jackson’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia|
Captain Joseph Carpenter was mortally wounded and is brother, Lieutenant John Carpenter, was promoted to captain and took command of the battery.
Commanded by Captain John C. Carpenter. The battery was army with two 12-pounder Napoleons and two 3″ Ordnance rifles. Five men were killed. Captain Carpenter was badly wounded, and although it was thought he would lose his leg he did not, and eventually returned to duty,
|August||Assigned to Artillery Battalion, Johnson’s Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia|
Second Battle of Winchester
The battery was commanded by Captain John Cadwalader Carpenter.
From the War Department marker on the Gettysburg battlefield:
Army of Northern Virginia
The Alleghany Artillery
July 2. The Battery took a prominent part in the cannonade against the Union artillery on East Cemetery Hill and other points which began about 4 P. M. and continued over two hours. Some of the Union guns on the left enfiladed the Battalion and caused the Battery to suffer severely and having exhausted its ammunition it was ordered to withdraw.
July 3. Remained in reserve and not engaged.
July 4. Withdrew from the field with the Battalion.
Losses Killed 5 Wounded 24 Horses killed 9
|July 14||Falling Waters|
|August||Assigned to Andrew’s Battalion, Johnson’s Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia|
|November-December||Mine Run Campaign|
|June||Lynchburg Campaign. Assigned to Braxton’s Battalion, Artillery, Second Corps, Army of the Valley,|
|December 28||The battery was reported as armed with two 10-lb. Parrott rifles and one 12-lb. Napoleon|
|March 2, 1865||
|March, 1865||The battery moved to the Petersburg area with the survivors of the Second Corps and took part in the end of the Siege of Petersburg assigned to Braxton’s Battalion, Second Corps Artillery, Army of Northern Virginia.|
|April 1, 1865||
Corporal John Willey took command of the survivors after most of the battery was killed or captured, including all of its guns.
|April 9, 1865||
Surrender of Lee’s army. Only two men from the battery were still with the army to surrender.