United States Regiments & Batteries > Connecticut

The 1st Connecticut Volunteer Cavalry Regiment lost 4 officers and 36 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, and 4 officers and 149 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War.

October 1-23 Organized at Camp Tyler, West Meridian as a battalion of four companies
February 20-24 Moved to Wheeling, W. Va. under the command of Major Judson M. Lyon
March Operations against guerrillas in Hardy County, W. Va. attached to R. R. District, Mountain Department
March 27 Attached to Schenck’s Brigade, Mountain Department
April 3 Action with guerillas at Moorefield, W. Va.
May 2-7 March to relief of Milroy
May 8 McDowell
May 10-12 Franklin
May 24 Strasburg
May 28 Wosdensville
May 30 Raid to Shaver River
June 1 Strasburg
June 5 New Market
June 7 Harrisonburg
June 8 Cross Keys
June 9 Port Republic
June 10-July 28 Movement down the valley to Madison C. H.
June 16 Assigned to Cavalry Brigade, 1st Army Corps, Army of Virginia.
June 22-30 Scout from Strasburg (Company B)
July Scouting in vicinity of Madison C. H.
Aug. 16-Sept. 2
Pope’s campaign in Northern Va.

Major Lyon resigned. Captain Middlebrook took command of the battalion

August 9 At Cedar Mountain
August 12 Joined pursuit of Jackson to the Rapidan
August 15 Captain William S. Fish of Company C was promoted to major.
Aug. 27-30 Provost duty during the Bull Run battles
September Duty at Tennallytown, Fairfax C. H., Kalorama Heights and Hall’s Farm. Attached to Cavalry Brigade, 11th Army Corps, Army Potomac
December March to Fredericksburg, Va., and duty at Stafford C. H.
December 20-22 Kelly’s Ford
January Moved to Baltimore, Md., and duty there. Assigned to Defenses of Baltimore, Md. 8th Army Corps, Middle Dept (Compaines A, B, C, D and E). Captain Farnsworth oversaw the construction of barracks, barns and a chapel at Camp Cheesebrough.
January 16 Major Fish was appointed Provost Marshal of the Middle Department, 8th Corps.
March 21 Major Fish was promoted to lieutenant colonel.
July 5 Moved to Harper’s Ferry, W. Va. and assigned to Maryland Heights Division, Dept. of West Va.
July 14 Captain Farnsworth and 49 men attacked a Confederate picket on Bolivar Heights of over 400 men. Captain Farnsworth and over half the detachment were captured
August 8 Skirmish at Waterford (Detachment)
October Assigned to Cavalry Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. West. Va.
October 18 Berryville
November 15-18 Expedition from Charlestown to New Market
January 1 Regimental organization completed at Baltimore. Lieutenant Colonel Fish was promoted to colonel. Assigned to Cavalry Reserve, 8th Army Corps, Defenses of Baltimore. Major Blakeslee assumed command of the regiment and the attachment at Harpers Ferry rejoined the regiment.
January 24 Colonel Fish was arrested and imprisoned for “using false accounts and vouchers”. He would be convicted and cashiered, but was pardoned in 1864 and after the war would be cleared and restored to full rank with back pay when his case was examined by President Johnson.
February 4 Moorefield (Detachment)
March 8 Moved to Annapolis Junction with 675 men.
March 15 Joined 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac at Brandy Station, Va.
March 24 Arrived Stevensburg, Virginia
March 29 Sergeant Fish of Company H was wounded on picket duty at Grove Church. While lying wounded he was shot 21 times with his own revolver and left for dead, but lived long enough to tell his story.
April 1 Rappahannock
May-June Rapidan Campaign
MAy 4 Crossed the Rapidan
May 5
Craig’s Meeting House

Major Marcy and 200 men were cut off and fought their way back in a saber charge, losing 40 men.

May 5-6 Todd’s Tavern
May 8
Alsop’s farm, Spotsylvania

Captured 35 prisoners.

The regiment was issued Specer and Sharps carbines in place of its Smith’s carbine, General Wilson commenting that they had earned the right to cary them.

May 9-24 Sheridan’s raid to James River
May 9-10 North Anna River
May 11 Ground Squirrel Bridge and Yellow Tavern
May 12 Brook Church or fortifications of Richmond, Strawberry Hill
May 26 Demonstration on Little River
May 28-31 Line of the Totopotomoy
May 31 Mechump’s Creek and Hanover C. H.
June 1

The regiment supported Fitzhugh’s Battery in a series of fights against overwhelming odds. Captain Warner and Color-sergeant Whipple were killed and Lietenant Colonel Blakeslee wounded. Major Marcy took over command.

June 2 Totopotomoy and Gaines’ Mills
June 3 Haw’s Shop
June 3-12 Cold Harbor
June 10 Captain Backus was killed in a skirmish
June 11 Bethesda Church
June 12 Long Bridge
June 15 St. Mary’s Church
June 18 Cold Harbor
June 20-30
Wilson’s raid on south side and Danville R. R.

The regiment marched 300 miles in 10 days, destroying 60 miles of track, fighting four battles and many skirmishes, and stopping nowhere more than four hours.

June 23 Black and White Station and Nottaway C. H.
June 25 Staunton Bridge or Roanoke Station
June 28-29 Sappony Church or Stony Creek
June 29
Ream’s Station

Captain Edward Whitaker of Company E earned the Medal of Honor carrying dispatches for General Meade through an enemy division, losing half his escort of a single troop of cavalry

Siege of Petersburg

The regiment rested from the raid and was refitted, remounted, and entirely armed with Spencer carbines.

July 31 Private Charles Marsh of Company D earned the Medal of Honor for capturing a Confederat stand of colors at Back Creek Valley
August Sheridan’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign, assigned to Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division
August 17 Winchester
September 13 Abraham’s Creek
Septembe 14 Captain Rogers’ suqadron surrounded and captured the 8th South Carolina Infantry including its colonel and colors.
September 19
Third Battle of Winchester (Opequan)
September 20 Near Cedarville
September 21 Front Royal Pike
September 22 Milford
October 8-9 Tom’s Brook, “Woodstock Races”
October 13 Cedar Creek
October 17 Cedar Run Church

Major Marcy and 30 men were captured in a surprise night attack

October 19
Battle of Cedar Creek

Commanded by Captain French, took part in Custer’s charge on the right flank that helped destroy the Confederate army

November 12
Newtown, Cedar Creek

Commanded by Captain Rogers in a fight with Rosser’s cavalry. Captain Rogers was wounded and 30 men were casualties.

November Lieutenant Colonel Ives arrived to take command.
November 22 Rude’s Hill, near Mt. Jackson
November 24 An enlisted man froze to death in his tent during the night
December 19-22
Raid to Lacy Springs

Commanded by Major Whitaker, the regiment marched 120 miles in four days, returning to camp with 50 men frost-bitten.

December 21 Lacy Springs
February 4-6
Expedition from Winchester to Moorefield, W. Va.

The raid captured Harry Gilmore.

February 27-
March 25
Sheridan’s Raid

Commanded by Major Godwin, the regiment took part in a flank atack the broke the small Confederate army and captured over 1300 prisoners, 11 guns and 18 stands of colors.

March 2 Waynesboro and Occupation of Staunton
March 3 Charlottesville
March 15

Lieutenant Clark was killed and 16 other men became casualties in a charge against Longstreet’s skirmishers.

March 28-April 9 Appomattox Campaign

Colonel Ives rejoined the regiment, having been detached recruiting.

March 30-31 Dinwiddie C. H.
April 1
Five Forks

Captain Parmalee was killed in a dismounted attack that captured two guns. General Custer praised the First Connecticut Cavalry for “being the first to leap the enemy’s breatsworks, sieze his cannon, and turn them on the retreating foe.”

April 2 Fall of Petersburg
April 3 Namozine Church
April 6
Sailor’s Creek

Captain Edwin M. Neville of Company C and Lieutenant Aaron Lanfare of Company B earned the Medal of Honor for capturing two stands of Confederate colors, Lanfare that of the 11th Florida Infantry Regiment

April 7 The regiment attacked Lee’s wagons near Harper’s Farm. Colonel Ives led one battalion in a charge against a battery that captured five guns and two stands of colors, while Major Moorhouse with another battalion attacked the head of the column. A mounted charge against Confederate breastworks was repulsed.
April 8 Appomattox Station
April 9
Appomattox Court House

Surrender of Lee and his army.

Lieutenant Colonel Whitaker, acting as General Custer’s Chief of Staff, met with General Longstreet to arrange the negotiations for the cease fire. Then the regiment was detailed to escort General Grant to receive Lee’s surrender.

April 23-29 Expedition to Danville
May Moved to Washington, D.C.
May 23 Grand review
June Provost duty at Washington assigned to Cavalry Division, Dept. of Washington
July 4 One battalion of the regiment was sent to Gettysburg for the laying of the cornestone of the Soldier’s National Monument.
August 2 Mustered out. The regiment was granted the priviledge of returning home mounted, given to no other regiment.
August 18 Discharged at New Haven